Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba

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Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba
Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba 2010.png
Leader of the Opposition
Incumbent
Assumed office
21 December 2011
Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy
Preceded by Mariano Rajoy
First Deputy Prime Minister of Spain
In office
21 October 2010 – 11 July 2011
Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded by María Teresa Fernández de la Vega
Succeeded by Elena Salgado
Minister of the Interior
In office
11 April 2006 – 11 July 2011
Prime Minister José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero
Preceded by José Antonio Alonso
Succeeded by Antonio Camacho Vizcaino
Minister of the Presidency
In office
12 July 1993 – 4 May 1996
Prime Minister Felipe González
Preceded by Virgilio Zapatero Gómez
Succeeded by Francisco Álvarez Cascos
Minister of Education and Science
In office
24 June 1992 – 12 July 1993
Prime Minister Felipe González
Preceded by Javier Solana
Succeeded by Gustavo Suárez Pertierra
Personal details
Born (1951-07-28) 28 July 1951 (age 62)
Solares, Cantabria, Spain
Political party Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Spouse(s) Pilar Goya (1979–present)
Alma mater Complutense University of Madrid
Profession Chemist

Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba (Spanish pronunciation: [alˈfɾeðo ˈpeɾeθ ruβalˈkaβa]; born 28 July 1951) is a Spanish politician who is the General Secretary of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and leader of the opposition in the Spanish Parliament. He served in the government of Spain as Minister of Education from 1992 to 1993 and as Minister of the Interior from 2006 to 2011; in addition, he was First Deputy Prime Minister from 2010 to 2011.

He was born in Solares village, municipality of Medio Cudeyo, in Cantabria autonomous community. He obtained a doctorate in chemistry at Complutense University in Madrid, where he went on to become a professor of chemistry, specialising in reaction mechanisms in organic chemistry. He represented Toledo in Congress from 1993 to 1996, Madrid from 1996 until 2004, Cantabria from 2004 to 2008 and, despite not being Andalusian, was put forward for the safe parliamentary seat of Cádiz in the 2008 election, which he won.

Rubalcaba was appointed Minister of Education and Science in 1992 by President Felipe González. The following year he was made Minister of the President's office and Relationships with Congress, an office he had to abandon in 1996 when his party lost the elections. In the successful campaign of 2004 he worked as chief strategist. When José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero formed the new government, Rubalcaba was appointed Majority leader until 2006 when he succeeded José Antonio Alonso as Interior Minister. On October 2010 he added to his functions the position of First Deputy Prime Minister and Spokesperson of the government. As it became assumed that President Zapatero was not going to seek reelection he became favorite to succeed him with Carme Chacón as his only rival in the primaries. Nevertheless, in May 2011, Chacón announced that she was withdrawing from the race and in June the Party announced that no other candidate had filed and Rubalcaba became the PSOE's Prime Ministerial candidate for the 2011 general elections.[1] On 8 July 2011, he resigned from his duties in the government in order to focus on the general election campaign, which he lost getting the worst results in PSOE's history.

He filed to succeed José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero as PSOE's General Secretary and won the vote, held in February 2012. He received 487 votes against 465 for Carme Chacón.[2]

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