Alfredo de Oro
Alfredo de Oro (April 28, 1863 – June 2, 1948) was a Cuban professional carom billiards and pool player who several times held the world title in both three-cushion billiards and straight pool simultaneously. He was posthumously inducted into the Billiard Congress of America's Hall of Fame in 1967, one of the very few non-Americans to receive the honor. He was ranked number 4 on the Billiards Digest 50 Greatest Players of the Century.
His first public appearance as a professional was in the fourth US National Fifteen-ball Championship, held in New York, February, 1887. From 1887 to 1908 he lost only one game in over forty match at continuous pool and has been winner of eleven World Championships[clarification needed]. He defeated English champion John Roberts, Sr. in an 1893 contest[clarification needed] in New York, scoring 1,000 to 927, and later won the 1894 Havana International tournament.[clarification needed] He won the World Continuous Pool Championship in a match against Jerome R. Keogh in New York, November, 1910, making the highest record run of 81. He also held the three-cushion championship[clarification needed] title three times during 1910.
In 1912 he was defeated in pocket billiards by James Maturo of Denver, Colorado in Philadelphia by a score of 150 to 136. In 1914 he defeated Charles R. Morin in three-cushion billiards for the national championship.
He died June 2, 1948.
His son, Alfredo de Oro, Jr., was an amateur billiard player in turn, making it to the final round of the 1931 National Association of Amateur Billiard Players Championship (defeated by soon-to-be-pro Edward Lee).
Continuous pool 1889 Jun, 1890 Apr, 1891 May, 1892 Mar, 1893 Mar, 1893 Jun, 1896 May, 1896 Jun, 1898 Dec, 1899 Jan, 1899 Apr, 1899 Dec, 1900 Apr, 1901 Apr, 1904 Nov, 1905 Jan, 1905 May, 1905 Oct, 1908 May, 1908 Oct, 1910 Nov, 1911 Jan, 1911 Mar, 1911 Apr, 1911 May.
- "The BCA Hall of Fame", Billiard Congress of America, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA; accessed February 2, 2007
- "Billiards Digest 50 Greatest Players of the Century".
- "Alfredo de Oro passport application from December 17, 1917". United States Department of State. December 17, 1917.
- "Alfredo De Oro Defeated Again". New York Times. April 6, 1912. Retrieved 2009-11-27. "James Maturo of Denver defeated Alfredo De Oro of New York in to-night's pocket billiard match, by the score of 150 to 136. Maturo will play Edward Ralph of Hightstown, New Jersey, for the National championship trophy to-morrow. Maturo started the scoring with a run of 33. They were tied at 113 in the seventeenth inning and again in the twenty-first with 126 each."
- Davis, J G (January 7, 1914). "De Oro Increases Lead Over Morin. Champion Wins Second Block of Cue Match by Score of 50 to 39. Cuban Shows Strategy, but Few Brilliant Shots Are Made by Three Cushion Stars". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-09-06. "Alfredo De Oro stuck a few additional rivets into his three cushion title by defeating Charley Morin, his challenger, 60 to 39. In the second block of their match for the Jordan Lambert trophy at Recital last night."
- "Who Won". Time (Time Inc.). March 9, 1931. Retrieved 2007-11-29.
- Billiards: The Official Rules and Records Book. Billiard Congress of America, Colorado Springs, Colorado, USA. 2006. ISBN 1-878493-16-7.