People's National Army (Algeria)
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|Armée Nationale Populaire
الجيش الوطني الشعبي
(Formerly the Armée de Libération Nationale)
|Size||107,000 regular (2007)
150,000 reserves (2007)
|Equipment||1.050 MBTs, 1,748 IFVs & APCs, 660 artillery pieces|
|Chief of Staff of the People's National Army||Ahmed Gaid Salah|
The Armée Nationale Populaire (ANP) (in Arabic : الجيش الوطني الشعبي) is the land force of the Military of Algeria. The Armée Nationale Populaire's equipment is provided by Russia, the People's Republic of China, and various other countries.
The Army include two armoured and three mechanised divisions (IISS Military Balance 2007), one of which is the 8th Armoured Division based at Ras El Ma, 90 kilometres from Sidi Bel Abbes, in the 2nd Military Region. The division was formed from the 8th Armoured Brigade after 1988 (the 8th Armoured Brigade seems to have been formed in 1976). Another is the 40th Mechanised Infantry Division apparently based in the 3rd Military Region. The mission of the 40th Division is usually the protection of the Algerian-Moroccan frontier. The IISS Military Balance 2013 named one of the other mechanised divisions as the 12th.
There is also French reporting of an airborne division formed in the early 1990s. A division with five airborne regiments, seemingly similar to the French reporting, was listed in the IISS Military Balance for 2001-02 and 2006. However it was not list in the 2007 edition of the Military Balance.
Creation and development
After the end of the liberation war in June 1962, the first objective was to establish a logistics organization to meet the needs of the army - a structure, feed, clothe, care for and train . The directions of Stewardship, Hardware, Engineering and Health, Transport and Supply were the first to emerge. These directions, which came quickly join those of the staff of the Air Force, Navy and Education, at the Ministry, would form the backbone of the National People's Army. The bases of the general structure of the army were consolidated with the creation of the main directions, the establishment of an effective organization, the opening of schools and instruction centers and sending abroad trainees for different weapons and services.
Efforts to develop and modernize the ANP continued throughout the 1970s and 80s, at the organizational level, the formation of battalions and brigades. During the eighties, the army experienced a considerable growth. Thus, in 1986, a restructuring began, based primarily on the implementation of large units combining firepower and gradual movement, i.e. combat divisions, equipped with sophisticated weapons systems and other equipment necessary for the use and maintenance of these systems. This modernization was not just about the hardware, but included all organizational areas and combat. Thus was created the General Inspection of the PNA.
Algeria is divided into six numbered military regions, each with headquarters located in a principal city or town. This system of territorial organization, adopted shortly after independence, grew out of the wartime wilaya structure and the postwar necessity of subduing antigovernment insurgencies that were based in the various regions. Regional commanders control and administer bases, logistics, and housing, as well as conscript training. Commanders of army divisions and brigades, air force installations, and naval forces report directly to the Ministry of National Defense and service chiefs of staff on operational matters.
During the 1980s, most of the army's combat units were concentrated in Military Region II (Oran) and to a lesser extent in Military Region III (Béchar). Chadli Bendjedid became head of Military Region II in 1964. Adjacent to Morocco, Region III straddles the main access routes from that country. It is also near the troubled Western Sahara, embracing territory previously claimed by Morocco. Much of the internal disorder and violence associated with economic distress and the Islamist movement has occurred in Military Region I (Blida), which includes the capital of Algiers, and Military Region V (Constantine). Army units have been strengthened in and near the cities where attacks against the government and security forces have occurred. Although regional commanders were originally all colonels, the commanders of region I (Mohamed Djenouhat) and Region V (Abdelhamid Djouadi) were both promoted to major general in 1992. The two southeastern jurisdictions — Military Region IV (Ouargla) and Military Region VI (Tamanrasset) — are sparsely populated tracts of desert where a limited number of combat troops carry out patrols and man small outposts. The Ouargla region assumed a measure of strategic importance after relations with Libya soured, but the military's main activities there and in Region VI are the construction and planting projects undertaken by conscript forces. Region VI was created in 1975 to cover the south.
President Bouteflika, as Minister of Defence, nominated new commanders for military regions in August 2004. (BICC) In 2010 there were a further series of changes. Président Bouteflika a opéré un mouvement à la tête de trois military regions, according to the presidential décrees published Wednesday 25 August in the Algerian Journal officiel. Général Mohand-Ameziane Si-Mohand was nominated to head the 3ème région militaire, le général Hassen Alaimia prend les commandes de la 4ème région militaire et la 5e est désormais dirigée par le général Saïd Ziad. These nominations took effect from 1 August, selon les mêmes décrets. Le chef de l’Etat a également désigné de nouveaux commandants-adjoints à la tête de ces régions.
|T-90SA+T-90MS||3rd Generation MBT||305+180||The first batch of 185 was signed during 2009 and the second batch of 120 signed in 2011 for $470 million +180 in 2014.|
|T-72m1m||2nd Generation MBT||250|||
|T-62||2nd Generation MBT||150|
|T-54/55||1st Generation MBT||270|
|BTR-80/BTR-60||Armoured personnel carrier||400||150 BTR-80 and 250 BTR-60|
|FAHD||Armoured personnel carrier||100|
|BMP-2||Infantry fighting vehicle||300||Being upgraded to 2M configuration.|
|BMP-1||Infantry fighting vehicle||685||Algeria signed a contract with Russia for modernization of 400 BMP-1s in 2006.|
|BRDM-2||Armoured reconnaissance vehicle||115|
|AML 60||Armoured reconnaissance vehicle||50|
|Panhard M3||Armoured personnel carrier||44|
|TPz Fuchs||Armoured personnel carrier||54 / 980 on order||In early 2011, 54 Fuchs worth $248 million were ordered from Rheinmetall. In 2014, 980 Fuchs were ordered as part of a €2.7 billion defence deal with Rheinmetall.|
|Nimr||High mobility multipurpose vehicle||unknown||.|
|OT-64 SKOT||amphibious armored personnel carrier||150|||
|2S3 Akatsiya||Self-Propelled Artillery||100|
|2S1 Gvozdika||Self-Propelled Artillery||150|
|160mm Mortar M1943||Mortar||60|
|BM-30 Smerch||Multiple rocket launcher||18|
|BM-24||Multiple rocket launcher||30|
|BM-14-16||Multiple rocket launcher||50|
|BM-21 Grad||Multiple rocket launcher||50|
Air Defense Systems
|S-75 Dvina||Surface-to-air missile||6 batteries|
|S-300PMU-2||Surface-to-air missile||8 batteries||8 batt. of S-300PMU-2 were ordered,|
|S-125 Neva/Pechora||Surface-to-air missile||5 batteries|
|2K12 Kub||Surface-to-air missile||10 batteries|
|9K33 Osa||Surface-to-air missile||8 Batteries|
|Pantsir-S1||Surface-to-air missile||38 Systems|||
|9K31 Strela-1||Surface-to-air missile||46 launchers|
|9K35 Strela-10||Surface-to-air missile||32 launchers|
|ZSU-57-2||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||20|
|ZSU-23-4||Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun||30|
- Le Soir Algerie, Voyage au cœur de la 8e Division blindée, 1997.
- http://www.algeria-watch.org/pdf/pdf_en/forces_repression.pdf. http://www.algeria-watch.org/fr/mrv/mrvmili/tigha_patriotes.htm
- Centre Francais de recherche sur la reseignement, Bulletin de documentation 5, accessed January 2014.
- Vaste mouvement dans les structures des Régions Militaires, 26 August 2010
- Trade Registers
- Rheinmetall to sign 2.7 billion euro deal with Algerian military for 980 Fuchs vehicles
- "Algeria has bought Chinese-made 155mm self-propelled howitzer PLZ45 or PLZ52.". January 20, 2014.
- In 2006 it was though that the capabilities of the command would be boosted by the delivery from Russia of eight S-300PMU2 Favorit air defence missile systems, ordered as part of the package of arms deals with Russia announced in 2006 as part of a USD7.5 billion arms package.In fact the first battalion of S-300 series SAMs ordered by Algeria was delivered in 2008 however the rest of the deal had been frozen.
- "Newly-supplied Russian Pantsyr-1 anti-air missile used to down Turkish warplane". DEBKAfile. 24 June 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.