Algerian Braille

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Algerian Braille
Type
Languages Arabic
Parent systems
Braille
  • (re-ordered)
    • Algerian Braille
Print basis
Arabic alphabet

Algerian Braille was a braille alphabet used to write the Arabic language in Algeria. It is apparently obsolete.[1]

In Algerian Braille, the braille letters are assigned in numeric order to the Arabic alphabet; standard Arabic Braille on the other hand uses a completely different assignment, following international norms based on the order of the French alphabet. For example, the fifth braille letter, , is used in Algerian Braille for ج j, the fifth letter of the Algerian/Arabic alphabet. In most braille alphabets today, is used for e, the fifth letter of the French/Latin alphabet, or for a letter that sounds like e, no matter where it occurs in those alphabets.

Algerian-type remapping was common in early braille adaptations, but was largely abandoned in favor of mutually understandable standards beginning with the unification French, English, German, and Egyptian Braille on the original French order in 1878.[2]

Algerian Braille chart[edit]

Print ا ب ت ث ج ح خ د ذ ر
Roman b t th j kh d dh r
Braille ⠁ (braille pattern dots-1) ⠃ (braille pattern dots-12) ⠉ (braille pattern dots-14) ⠙ (braille pattern dots-145) ⠑ (braille pattern dots-15) ⠋ (braille pattern dots-124) ⠛ (braille pattern dots-1245) ⠓ (braille pattern dots-125) ⠊ (braille pattern dots-24) ⠚ (braille pattern dots-245)
Print ز س ش ص ض ط ظ ع غ ف
Roman z s sh gh f
Braille ⠅ (braille pattern dots-13) ⠇ (braille pattern dots-123) ⠍ (braille pattern dots-134) ⠝ (braille pattern dots-1345) ⠕ (braille pattern dots-135) ⠏ (braille pattern dots-1234) ⠟ (braille pattern dots-12345) ⠗ (braille pattern dots-1235) ⠎ (braille pattern dots-234) ⠞ (braille pattern dots-2345)
Print ق ك ل م ن ه و ي ى ء
Roman q k l m n h w y ā
Braille ⠥ (braille pattern dots-136) ⠧ (braille pattern dots-1236) ⠭ (braille pattern dots-1346) ⠽ (braille pattern dots-13456) ⠵ (braille pattern dots-1356) ⠯ (braille pattern dots-12346) ⠿ (braille pattern dots-123456) ⠷ (braille pattern dots-12356) ⠮ (braille pattern dots-2346) ⠾ (braille pattern dots-23456)
Print ة ـّ ـٓ ـُ ـَ ـِ ـْ ـٌ ـً ـٍ
Roman (dbl) : u a i un an in
Braille ⠡ (braille pattern dots-16) ⠣ (braille pattern dots-126) ⠩ (braille pattern dots-146) ⠹ (braille pattern dots-1456) ⠱ (braille pattern dots-156) ⠫ (braille pattern dots-1246) ⠻ (braille pattern dots-12456) ⠳ (braille pattern dots-1256) ⠪ (braille pattern dots-246) ⠺ (braille pattern dots-2456)
Print
Roman la
Braille ⠔ (braille pattern dots-35)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Code braille arabe (French)
  2. ^ "World Braille Usage". UNESCO. Retrieved 2012-04-27.