Algerian legislative election, 2007

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Algerian legislative election, 2007
Algeria
2002 ←
17 May 2007 → 2012

All 389 seats to the People's National Assembly
195 seats were needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Bouteflika (Algiers, Feb 2006).jpeg Ahmed Ouyahia.jpg
Leader Abdelaziz Bouteflika Ahmed Ouyahia
Party FLN RND
Last election 199 47
Seats won 136 61
Seat change Decrease63 Increase14
Popular vote 1,315,686 591,310
Percentage 22.98% 10.33%
Swing Decrease11.32% Increase2.13%

Prime Minister before election

Abdelaziz Belkhadem
FLN

Elected Prime Minister

Abdelaziz Belkhadem
FLN

Seal of Algeria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Algeria

Legislative elections were held in Algeria on 17 May 2007.[1] 24 political parties and around 100 independent lists with a total of more than 12,000 candidates competed for the 389 seats in the National People's Assembly. While most Algerians voted on May 17, immigrants from Algeria to other countries (especially France) and Algerians living in the Sahara (i.e. Southern Algeria) and other nomads and semi-nomads voted on May 16 due to the distance from Algiers, the country's capital.

At 35% of the 18.7 million[2] voters, the turnout was the lowest in Algerian history.[3][4] Several political organisations, notably the Front of Socialist Forces,[5] the ex-communist Democratic and Social Movement,[6] leading members of the former Islamic Salvation Front (Abbassi Madani[7] and Ali Belhadj), the main faction of the split Islamist Islah Party,[8] and the newly formed organisation Rachad,[9] had called on their supporters to boycott these elections. These political groups claimed that the elections were consistently rigged by the government, and that participation merely lent a fundamentally corrupt process undeserved legitimacy.

The only notable remaining armed group in Algeria, the Al-Qaeda Organization in the Islamic Maghreb, issued a video calling participation in the elections "a great sin", adding its voice to the boycott calls. Tight security measures were implemented to protect the elections; however, two bombs exploded in Constantine the day before the election, killing a police officer and wounding five others.[10]

Said Bouchair, the head of the national commission of legislative election control, initially reported that ballot boxes in some areas were being stuffed with FLN ballots, that observers were being prevented from attending, and that some areas refused to open ballot boxes before voting began to allow observers to see whether they were empty or not. He then retracted his statement and apologised.[11] About 15% of ballots were spoiled.

The Constitutional Council confirmed the results of the election, with slight changes to the voter turn-out rate and number of seats won by some parties, on May 21.[12] It rejected appeals regarding the election on May 30.[13]

Results[edit]

e • d Summary of the 17 May 2007 People's National Assembly of Algeria election results
Parties President Votes % Seats +/–
National Liberation Front (Jabhat at-Taḥrīr al-Waṭaniyy / Front de Libération Nationale) Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Abdelaziz Belkhadem
Khalida Toumi
1,315,686 22.98 136 –63
National Rally for Democracy (at-Tajammu` al-Waṭaniyy ad-Dīmuqrāṭiyy / Rassemblement National Démocratique) Ahmed Ouyahia 591,310 10.33 61 +14
Independents 562,986 9.83 33 +3
Movement of Society for Peace (Ḥarakat Mujtama` as-Silm / Mouvement de la Societé pour la Paix) Bouguerra Soltani 552,104 9.64 52 +14
Workers' Party (Ḥizb al-`Ummāl / Parti des Travailleurs) Louisa Hanoune 291,312 5.08 26 +5
Algerian National Front (al-Jabhah al-Waṭaniyyah al-Jazā'iriyyah / Front National Algérien) Farida Haddouche 239,563 4.18 13 +5
Islamic Renaissance Movement (Ḥarakat an-Nahḍah / Mouvement de la Renaissance Islamique) ????? 194,067 3.39 5 +4
Rally for Culture and Democracy(at-Tajammu` min 'ajl aṯ-Ṯaqāfah wad-Dīmuqrāṭiyyah / Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Démocratie) Saïd Sadi 192,490 3.36 19 +19
Movement for National Reform (Mouvement Islah) Abdallah Djaballah 144,880 2.53 3 –40
El-Infitah Movement (Mouvement El Infitah) Naima Farhi 143,936 2.51 3 +3
Movement for Youth and Democracy (Mouvement pour la Jeunesse et la Démocratie) ????? 132,268 2.31 5 +5
Ahd 54 Ali Fawzi Rebaine 129,300 2.26 2 +2
National Republican Alliance (Alliance Nationale Républicaine) Redha Malek 126,444 2.21 4 +4
Movement of National Understanding (Ḥarakat al-Wifāq al-Waṭaniyy / Mouvement de l'Entente Nationale) ????? 122,501 2.14 4 +3
National Party for Solidarity and Development (Parti National pour la Solidarité et le Developpement) Dalila Yalaqui 119,353 2.08 2 +2
National Movement for Nature and Democracy (Mouvement National pour la Nature et la Démocratie) ????? 114,767 2.00 7 +7
National Front of Independents for Understanding (Front National des Indépendants pour la Conc....C) ????? 112,321 1.96 3 +3
Party of Algerian Renewal (Ḥizb at-Tajdīd al-Jazā'iriyy / Parti du Rénouveau Algérien) ????? 103,328 1.80 4 +3
Algerian Rally (Rassemblement Algérien) ????? 100,079 1.75 1 +1
National Movement of Hope (Mouvement National d'Esperance) ????? 99,179 1.73 2 +2
Republican Patriotic Rally (Rassemblement Patriotique Républicain) ????? 84,348 1.47 2 +2
Progressive Republican Party (Parti Républicain Progressiste) ????? 81,046 1.42 0 ±0
National Democratic Front (Front National Démocratique) ????? 78,865 1.38 1 +1
Democratic and Social Movement (Mouvement Démocratique et Social) El Hachemi Chérif 51,219 0.89 1 +1
Socialist Workers' Party (Parti Socialiste des Travailleurs) ????? 42,735 0.75 0 ±0
Total (turnout 35.65%) 5,726,087 100.0 389
Algerian Interior Ministry

Women won 31 seats, which was an increase of eight.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Q&A: Algerian election BBC News, 15 May 2007
  2. ^ Low turnout in Algeria elections BBC News, 18 May 2007
  3. ^ Ruling bloc wins Algeria vote Al-Jazeera, 18 May 2007
  4. ^ Algeria experiences lowest-ever voter turnout Mail & Guardian Online, 18 May 2007
  5. ^ Le FFS a l’honneur, la liberté et le privilège d’annoncer sa décision de non participation au prochain scrutin législatif, FFS, 10 March 2007
  6. ^ La Tribune, 15 May 2007
  7. ^ Algerians play down calls to boycott legislative elections, 16 May 2007
  8. ^ El Islah release, 14 May 2007
  9. ^ Regarding the “Elections” of 17 May 2007, Rachad, 15 May 2007
  10. ^ Bombings on eve of Algeria election, Al Jazeera English, 16 May 2007.
  11. ^ Bouchair complains to president then retracted and apologized, El Khabar 19 May 2007, Algérie : Bouchaïr crie à la fraude puis... se rétracte, El Annabi 19 May 2007
  12. ^ "Mini-modification des résultats des législatives par le Conseil constitutionnel", Xinhua (Jeuneafrique.com), May 22, 2007 (French).
  13. ^ "Le Conseil constitutionnel valide les législatives du 17 mai", AFP (Jeuneafrique.com), May 30, 2007 (French).
  14. ^ APN - Listes des depute de la sixieme legislature 2007-2012 Assemblée populaire nationale, 30 May 2007