Sir Algernon Methuen Marshall Methuen, 1st Baronet (23 February 1856 – 20 September 1924), born Algernon Stedman, was an English publisher and teacher of Classics and French. He is best known for founding the publisher Methuen & Co. (later Methuen Publishing Ltd.).
Background and education
After graduating from Oxford Methuen entered teaching and rose to be head of High Croft Preparatory School at Milford, Surrey from 1890 to 1895. While teaching he began as a sideline, writing a number of school text books under the non-de-plume A.W.S Methuen of which his series of French, Greek and Latin readers were best known. Among his works were books on gardening and current affairs. In June 1889, as a sideline to teaching, Methuen began to publish and market his own textbooks under the label Methuen & Co. (later Methuen Publishing Ltd.). Two months later he formally adopted Methuen as his surname. His first success at publishing came in 1892 with the publication of Rudyard Kipling's Barrack-Room Ballads. He later published works by Hilaire Belloc, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Oscar Wilde.
Methuen was an outspoken critic of the Boer War. He stood for Parliament as the Liberal party candidate for the seat of Guildford in the General Election of January 1910. The seat was a safe Conservative seat and he was unsuccessful. In 1916, he was created a baronet, of Gaywood, King's Lynn, in the County of Norfolk, and later published his own memoir.
Methuen married a daughter of Edwin Bedford in 1884. He died in September 1924, aged 68, when the baronetcy became extinct.
- Obituary of Sir Algernon Methuen The Times, Monday, 22 September 1924; page 18. Issue 43763.
- The London Gazette: . 7 November 1916.
-  Cambridge University "Janus"
- Cambridge Encyclopedia Vol. 68
- Sir Algernon Methuen, Baronet, A Memoir, London Methuen & Co. 1925
-  The Hilltop Writers: A Victorian Colony among the Surrey Hills
-  The Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature, New York Public Library
- Duffy, M (1989). A Thousand Capricious Chances – A History the Methuen List. London: Methuen. pp. xx pages. ISBN.
- Stevenson, Iain (2010). Book Makers – British Publishing in the Twentieth Century (hardbackISBN 978-0-7123-0961-5.). London: The British Library. pp. 314 pages.
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