Algernon Tollemache

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Algernon Gray Tollemache
Born (1802-09-24)September 24, 1802
Petersham
Died January 16, 1892(1892-01-16) (aged 89)
Occupation MP for Grantham, Land speculator and Financier
Net worth £815,175 4s. 1d.[1]
Spouse(s) Frances Louisa Halliday
Children none
Parents William Tollemache, Lord Huntingtower and Catherine Gray

Algernon Gray Tollemache (24 September 1805 – 16 January 1892, London) was a British gentleman and politician. He was the sixth and youngest son of William Tollemache, Lord Huntingtower and Catherine Gray.

Career[edit]

He was Member of Parliament for Grantham from 1832 to 1837. During this time he became interested in the New Zealand Company and purchased several sections of land in Nelson and 34 in Wellington. In 1849, he travelled on one of the earliest ships to New Zealand and settled in Wellington. He also financed many small farmers.[2] Amongst those he financed were Henry Robert Russell and Donald McLean.[3][4] Having amassed a significant fortune, he returned to England.

Family and legacy[edit]

The Algernon Tollemache Almshouses, Ham, London erected in memory of Algernon Gray Tollemache in 1892 by his wife.

When his elder brother, Lionel, inherited the Dysart title and the Tollemache family estates in 1840, Algernon and another brother, Frederick, were invited to manage the estates at Ham and Buckminster. Along with Charles Hanbury-Tracy, husband to Frederick's younger daughter, Ada, the three were nominated as the Dysart Trustees for the 21 years to 1899 following Lionel's death.[5]

On 28 September 1857, Algernon married his first cousin Frances Louisa Halliday, (b. 1804) daughter of Charles Tollemache and Gertrude Florinda Gardiner, and widow of George Richard Halliday who had died in 1855.[6][7] By then in their mid fifties, the couple had no children.

In 1881, Algernon and Frances were living at Ham House but in the years prior to Algernon's death they lived at Wick House, on Richmond Hill.[1][8]

On his death, 16 January 1892, he left his fortune to his niece Ada, Lady Sudeley. He also left £500 to the poor, a sum augmented by gifts of £100 each from his wife and elder brother's grandson, the Earl of Dysart. His wife subsequently founded six almshouses in Ham, London in his memory, with an endowment of £16,000 to support three couples and three single residents.[9] Frances Louisa Tollemache died shortly afterwards in 1893.[10]

Tollemache's fortune and probate was the subject of much interest. A claim by the English courts for probate duty on his investments in New Zealand was contested by his executors on the grounds that it did not form part of his English estate and that duty had already been paid on it in New Zealand. The court initially found in the executors' favour.[11] The decision was subsequently overturned and further appeal to the House of Lords refused.[12]

He was laid to rest in the family plot of Petersham Parish Church.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Principal Probate Registry. Calendar of the Grants of Probate and Letters of Administration made in the Probate Registries of the High Court of Justice in England. London, England. 12 February 1892
  2. ^ Scholefield, Guy Hardy, ed. (1940). A Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. II, M-Addena. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs. 
  3. ^ Boyd, Mary. "Henry Robert Russell". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Ward, Alan. "Donald McLean". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 11 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Pritchard, Evelyn (2007). Ham House and its owners through five centuries 1610-2006. Richmond Local History Society. ISBN 9781955071727. 
  6. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  7. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  8. ^ United Kingdom Census 1881 Class: RG11; Piece: 845; Folio: 163; Page: 23; GSU roll: 1341200
  9. ^ "Wikisource link to The Victoria History of the County of Surrey Volume 3.djvu/684". Page:The Victoria History of the County of Surrey Volume 3.djvu. Wikisource.
  10. ^ "Index entry". FreeBMD. ONS. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "The Tollemache Estate". The Daily Telegraph (7479) (Napier, New Zealand). 25 September 1895. p. 3. 
  12. ^ "Tollemache's estate". The Daily Telegraph (7914) (Napier, New Zealand). 16 November 1896. p. 2. 
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Glynne Earle Welby
James Hughes
Member of Parliament for Grantham
with Glynne Earle Welby

18321837
Succeeded by
Glynne Earle Welby
Frederick James Tollemache