Algoma Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Algoma Pierhead Light
AlgomaLightHouse.jpg
Algoma Light is located in Wisconsin
Algoma Light
Location Algoma, Wisconsin
Coordinates 44°36′25.092″N 87°25′45.513″W / 44.60697000°N 87.42930917°W / 44.60697000; -87.42930917Coordinates: 44°36′25.092″N 87°25′45.513″W / 44.60697000°N 87.42930917°W / 44.60697000; -87.42930917[1]
Year first lit 1932
Automated 1973
Foundation Pier
Construction Steel
Tower shape Red cylindrical tower[1]
Height 48 feet (15 m)[1]
Original lens Fresnel lens
Range 16 nautical miles (30 km; 18 mi)[1]
Characteristic Red, Isophase, 6 sec. HORN: 1 blast ev 10s (1s bl). Operated from Apr. 1 to Dec. 1 and other times as required by local conditions.[1]
USCG number 7-20975ref name=uscg7/>

The Algoma Light or Algoma Pierhead Light is a lighthouse located near Algoma in Kewaunee County, Wisconsin.

The lighthouse was first established in 1893 as a set of range lights. It was rebuilt in 1908 at which time it was a conical tower built of 516-inch (7.9 mm) steel plate, 8 feet (2.4 m) in diameter at the base and 7 feet (2.1 m) in diameter at the parapet. It stood 26 feet (7.9 m) high.[2] In 1932, it was modified again and the entire structure was raised to a height of 42 feet (13 m) by placing the older tower on a new steel base 12 feet (3.7 m) in diameter, that increased the focal height to forty-two feet.[2] The station was automated in 1973.[3] It is listed as number 20975 in the USCG light lists.[4]

History[edit]

The lighthouse was first established in 1893 as a set of range lights. In 1895, a fifth-order lens replaced the original lantern; increasing the effective range of the light to 11 miles.[2][5] In 1907, with the keeper's accommodations still unbuilt, the wooden tower was in a significant state of distress and the decision was made to replace the tower.[2] It was rebuilt in 1908.[2] It stood 26 feet (7.9 m) high. The original lens has been replaced by a plastic lens.

Keepers[edit]

The Light has had several keepers throughout its long history even prior to the construction of the tower. Ole Hansen was the first to man the light from 1893 – 1895.[5] Charles E. Young followed in 1895 and remained until 1899.[5] The third keeper was Nelson Knudsen who manned it from 1899 to 1901.[5] In 1901, Gustavus Umberham transferred to Algoma from the Cedar River Lighthouse; bringing his five children with him.[5] Umberham drowned on February 3, 1913, during a boat trip with three acquaintances, he was swept overboard by a large wave.[2] Eugene Kimball, a close friend of Umberham was transferred to the station in April 1913.[2][3] Kimball was manned the light until 1923 when he was transferred.[5][3] After Kimball left, Carl J. Graan manned the lighthouse from 1923 to 1944.[5]

Images[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Light List, Volume VII, Great Lakes (PDF). Light List. United States Coast Guard. 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Algoma Pierhead Light - Main". Terry Pepper. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Algoma Pierhead Light keepers". Terry Pepper. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Light List, Volumes 1-7. United States Coast Guard. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "Algoma Pierhead, WI". Lighthouse Friends. Retrieved 5 December 2013. 

Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]