Ali Mardan Khan

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The Tomb Of Ali Mardan Khan
Nawab Ali-Mardan Khan

Ali Mardan Khan Lori (Urdu: علی مردان خان‎) (died April 1657[1]) was a Kurdish[2] noble at the court of Safavid King Shah Tahmasp. After surrendering the city of Qandahar, part of the easternmost territories of the Safavids to the Mughals in 1638, he was a well recognised figure at the Mughal court.

Life[edit]

Shahjahan receives Ali Mardan Khan in durbar

Ali Mardan Khan was the Safavid governor of Qandahar. He had been in arrears with his revenues. He was summoned by Shah Tahmasp to appear at the court, but avoided doing so. On being dismissed from office, he sought the assistance from the governor of Kabul and the commander of Ghazni. In 1638, he surrendered Qandahar to the Mughals, and took refuge in Delhi. He was honoured at the Mughal court. Shah Jahan gifted one lakh of tankas for himself and two lakhs for his brother and the officers of his army. He was appointed governor of Kashmir, Kabul[3][4] and Lahore.

He later received the title of Amir al-Umara (Lord of Lords) in 1639 and made him a Haft Hazari, leading to commanding an army of 7,000 troops.

He was later appointed as the viceroy of Punjab which at that time stretched from Kabul to Delhi.

Ali Mardan Khan’s tomb is located on Mughalpura Road in Lahore, Pakistan.

A garden named after him "Bagh i Ali Mardan Khan" still survives in Srinagar Kashmir.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Tomb of Ali Mardan Khan
  2. ^ The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Fascicules 1-2, By Clifford Edmund Bosworth, E. Van Donzel, B. Lewis, pg. 63
  3. ^ Majumdar, R.C. (ed.) (2007). The Mughul Empire, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-407-1, p.204
  4. ^ Mahajan, V.D. (1991, reprint 2007). History of Medieval India, Part II, ISBN 81-219-0364-5, p.144

External links[edit]