Ali Mohammed Ghedi

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Ali Mohamed Gedi
علي محمد جيدي
Ali Mohammed Ghedi in Kenya.jpg
Prime Minister of Somalia
In office
3 Nov 2004 – 29 Oct 2007
Preceded by Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
Succeeded by Salim Aliyow Ibrow
Personal details
Born 1952
Mogadishu, Somalia
Nationality Somali
Political party TFG
Spouse(s) Fadumo Hassan Ali
Children 4
Alma mater Mogadishu University
Occupation Politician
Religion Islam

Ali Mohamed Gedi (Somali: Cali Maxamed Geedi, Arabic: علي محمد جيدي‎) (born Oct. 2, 1952) was the Prime Minister of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of Somalia from 2004 to 2007. He was relatively unknown in political circles upon his appointment as prime minister in November 2004. He is affiliated with the Abgaal subclan of Mogadishu's Hawiye clan, one of Somalia's four most powerful clan 'families'.[1] He narrowly survived a suicide attack on his home that left at least seven people dead on June 3, 2007.[2]

Biography[edit]

Ali Mohamed Gedi was born in Mogadishu, Somalia in 1952. He is from the Abgaal sub-clan of the Hawiye.

Gedi was raised by his paternal grandmother and later by his stepmother. Gedi's father was an officer in the military and in 1978 joined the Somali National Security Service (NSS) under the reign of Siad Barre at the rank of Colonel.

Gedi studied at Jamal Abdul Nasser High School in Mogadishu, graduating in 1972. After High School, Gedi completed military training and national service teaching activities in early 70s. At university, Gedi was excelled in his studies and went to Italy for his further them at the University of Pisa. He graduated 1978 and was subsequently employed by the Somali National University (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) as an assistant lecturer. From 1980 to 1983, he studied at the University of Pisa for postgraduate studies and obtained Doctorate Degree in Veterinary Pathology and Surgery. He then returned to teaching in 1983 as a lecturer and headed the department until 1990.

Political Reconciliation[edit]

Attended political reconciliation conferences in Mogadishu (1994 - 1996), in Cairo, Egypt (1997), in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia (early 1998), in Nairobi, Kenya (late 1998), in Beledweyne, Hiiran - Somalia (1999). (Ali Mohamed Gedi, share with Abdirahman Gutale).

Transitional Federal Government (TFG)[edit]

Government in Exile[edit]

As head of the TFG, Gedi promised to form an inclusive government, and to strive for reconciliation among Mogadishu's warlords.

After a failed assassination attempt, Gedi fled to Nairobi, Kenya. On July 2005, he moved to Jowhar, one of two towns (the other being Baidoa) being used as a temporary joint Somali capital.[citation needed]

Government in Baidoa[edit]

Yassir Mohamed will be a new section In March 2006, fighting broke out between the Alliance for the Restoration of Peace and Counter-Terrorism (ARPCT) warlords and the Islamic Court Union (ICU) over the control of Mogadishu, which intensified in May.[3] The conflict became known as the Second Battle of Mogadishu. The Prime Minister demanded the warlords, four of whom were members of the TFG government,[4] to cease fighting the ICU, but this command was universally ignored and so Ghedi dismissed them from Parliament. These included National Security Minister Mohamed Afrah Qanyare, Commerce Minister Musa Sudi Yalahow, Militia Rehabilitation Minister Issa Botan Alin and Religious Affairs Minister Omar Muhamoud Finnish.[5]

Return to Mogadishu[edit]

During December 2006, the ICU and affiliated Islamist militias suffered crucial defeats by the TFG and Ethiopian armies, who on December 29 entered Mogadishu relatively unopposed. Although Ghedi was jubilantly welcomed to the city, his Ethiopian allies faced angry crowds who pelted Ethiopian troops with rocks.[6]

On January 1, 2007, he announced "The warlord era in Mogadishu is now over."[7] Ghedi's first actions included declaring martial law for three months, calling for the disarmament of the militias, and the appointment of new judges.[8]

Resignation[edit]

Gedi announced his resignation before parliament in Baidoa on October 29, 2007, due to differences with Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf. It is rumored that Gedi accepted to resign for future political support.[9][10] He remained a member of parliament.[11]

In early January 2008, Gedi announced that he would run for President in 2009.[11]

Preceded by
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf
Prime Minister of the
Republic of Somalia

November 3, 2004–October 29, 2007
Succeeded by
Salim Aliyow Ibrow

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile: Ali Mohamed Ghedi". BBC. 2004-11-04. Retrieved 2006-01-29. 
  2. ^ "Profile: Somali PM survives attack on home". ABC News. 2004-06-04. Retrieved 2006-06-04. 
  3. ^ "Somalia's Tangled Web Becomes Contorted'". Somaliland Times. 2006-05-26. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  4. ^ "Somali warlords battle Islamists". BBC. 2006-03-23. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  5. ^ "Islamic militia ends 15 year Somali warlords' rule". IslamOnline.net and news agencies. 2006-06-05. Retrieved 2007-01-29. 
  6. ^ "Mixed signals in Mogadishu" New York Times, 29 December 2006.
  7. ^ Somali prime minister orders complete disarmament Associated Press
  8. ^ "Somalia: Judges sworn in the capital". SomaliNet. 2007-01-04. Retrieved 2007-01-15. 
  9. ^ "Somali prime minister resigns", Al Jazeera, October 29, 2007.
  10. ^ "Somali prime minister steps down", BBC News, October 29, 2007.
  11. ^ a b "Somalia's former PM to run for president in 2009", Garowe Online, January 6, 2008.