Ali Sabieh Region

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Ali Sabieh
Region
Ali Sabieh Region.png
Country  Djibouti
Capital Ali Sabieh
Area
 • Total 2,400 km2 (900 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 90,005
ISO 3166 code DJ-AS

Ali Sabieh Region,(Somali: Gobolka Cali Sabiix) is a region in southern Djibouti. Ali Sabieh is a Region in Djibouti by area, with a mainland area of 2,400 square kilometres (900 sq mi), it is larger than Andorra. It lies along the national border with Somalia and Ethiopia. Its capital is Ali Sabieh. The Arrei Mountains is the highest point in the region of Ali Sabieh.

History[edit]

During the Middle Ages, the Ali Sabieh Region was ruled by the Ifat Sultanate and the Adal Sultanate. It later formed a part of the French Somaliland protectorate in the first half of the 20th century.

Overview[edit]

The region borders Arta Region to the north, the Dikhil Region to the west, and the nation of Somalia to the east, and the nation of Ethiopia to the south. Largely arid, the Ali Sabieh Region is noted for its bare plains of Grand Bara and its large Mountains. The Ali Sabieh region has old forts all round the region build by the French Army in the 20th century. The inhabitants of the Ali Sabieh region belong mainly to the people of Issa Somali.

A topographic map of Ali Sabieh Region

Geography[edit]

The Region of Ali Sabieh is the fourth largest Region in the country, it accounts for 16.5% of the land of Djibouti. The Ali Sabieh Region borders two Regions and one Ethiopian Region and one Somalian Region. The Regions of Arta is to the north, Dikhil is to the west. Ali Sabieh Region also shares a border with the Ethiopian Region of Somali Region to the south and a Somalian Region of Awdal to the east. The Ali Sabieh Region's highest point is Arrei, 4,268 ft (1,301 m). Other mountain ranges in Ali Sabieh Region include the Boura Mountains, the Arrei Mountains, the Rahle Godle, and the Dagouein Mountain. The main wadis that cross are the wadis Dey Dey, Holl-Holl, Beye-Adey, Danan and Guestir.

Climate[edit]

The Ali Sabieh Region has cold winters than the highlands, while the lowlands has mild winters. The region elevation is the major factor in temperature levels, with the higher areas, on average, as 11°C (20°F) cooler, day or night. The overnight lows are not like the "Garden of Eden" because, at night, heavy clothes or blankets are needed, in the highlands, when the temperature drops to about 50–54 °F (10–12.2 °C) every night. Ali Sabieh Region has much variation in its climate. Climate in Ali Sabieh Region can be hot, although extended periods over 100 °F (38 °C) for the maximum temperature are rare, except for the lowest point in elevation. Hot summer days are tempered by the low relative humidity and cooler evenings during summer months since, for most of the state, the highest diurnal difference in temperature is often in the summer.

The annual mean statistics for some Ali Sabieh Region centres is shown below:

Town Min. Temp Max. Temp Rainfall
Ali Sabieh 16.4 °C (61.5 °F) 37.4 °C (99.3 °F) 183 mm (7.2 in)
Holhol 18.0 °C (64.4 °F) 39.0 °C (102.2 °F) 167 mm (6.6 in)

Towns[edit]

Ali Sabieh Region
Town names Population
Ali Sabieh 71,230
Holhol 5,501
Dasbiyo 700
Ali Adde 3,123
Goubetto 3,400
Assamo 500
Anaba 210
Guelile 567
Guisti 500
Dânan 301
Doudoub Bolole 200

References[edit]

Coordinates: 11°08′N 42°43′E / 11.133°N 42.717°E / 11.133; 42.717