Ali Sastroamidjojo

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Ali Sastroamidjojo
Ali Sastroamidjojo Suara Indonesia 2 Aug 1954 p1.jpg
8th and 10th Prime Minister of Indonesia
In office
July 30, 1953 – August 11, 1955
President Sukarno
Preceded by Wilopo
Succeeded by Burhanuddin Harahap
In office
March 20, 1956 – April 9, 1957
Preceded by Burhanuddin Harahap
Succeeded by Djuanda Kartawidjaja
Personal details
Born (1903-05-21)May 21, 1903
Grabag, Central Java, Dutch East Indies
Died March 13, 1976
Jakarta, Indonesia
Political party PNI
Profession Politician

His Excellency Raden (Lord) Dr. Ali Sastroamidjojo, (EYD: Ali Sastroamijoyo; May 21, 1903 - March 13, 1976) was the 8th and 10th Prime Minister of Indonesia and also the Indonesian Permanent Representative to the United Nations (UN) (1957-1960) and the first Indonesian Ambassador to the United States, Ambassador to Canada and the Ambassador to Mexico (1950-1955). In addition, he was also appointed chairman of the Asian-African Conference in Bandung in 1955 and also became chairman of the political party PNI (1960-1966).

Early life[edit]

Ali Sastroamidjojo and Albert Plesman (founder of KLM Royal Dutch Airlines) talking in The Hague, The Netherlands (1949).

Raden (Lord) Ali Sastroamidjojo was a nobleman[1] born in Grabag, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (the Dutch-Colonial name of what is now known as Indonesia), to an aristocratic family of the Magelang Regency belonging to the Indonesian elite,[2] and died in Jakarta, March 13, 1976.[3][4]

Ali Sastroamidjojo is greeted by Zhou Enlai upon his arrival in Beijing, 26 May 1955.

Ali Sastroamidjojo spent his childhood years in the local town, playing with his friends from peasant families. In hoping to find a proper environment for the development of their children, the Sastroamidjojo family moved to the city where Sastroamidjojo was sent to receive a European education, although he regularly learned the Javanese language too. The Sastroamidjojo family was devoted to advocating the importance of Western education.[5]

Like most other young men of nobility in Indonesia, Sastroamidjojo attended a Dutch school, the Queen Wilhelmina School, and went on to study law at Leiden University in the Netherlands where he received a doctorate in law.[6]

Prime Minister of Indonesia[edit]

Sastroamidjojo was the only person to have twice been Prime Minister of Indonesia. He was therefore in charge of two Cabinets of Indonesia: Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo I and Cabinet Ali Sastroamidjojo II.

Sastroamidjojo was a key figure in the negotiations of the Sino-Indonesian Dual Nationality Treaty.

Ali Sastroamidjojo has been called 'the greatest statesman' of Indonesia and that 'the current statesmen of Indonesia will never be as great as Sastroamidjojo in his role as prime minister who also had great literary talent'.[7]

Legacy[edit]

The current Embassy of Indonesia in Washington, D.C. was purchased by Ali Sastroamidjojo on December 19, 1951 for $335.000.[8]

In addition to being a political figure, he was also a noted author having published several books and publications in the field of international relations and foreign policy, including Introduction to International Law (1971), Indonesian Foreign Policy (1972), an autobiographical book of his journey and milestones (1974), and Four Indonesian students in the Netherlands (1975).[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archives, Open. "Registration Heerenstraat (number 128) in Leiden (Netherlands)on December 12, 1923". Open Archives the Netherlands. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  2. ^ Sastroamidjojo, Ali. "A Statesman's Journey". The Global Review for International Affairs. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Vickers, Adrian (2005). A History of Modern Indonesia. Cambridge University Press. p. 227. ISBN 0-521-83493-7. 
  4. ^ Setiawan, Hawé. "A Statesman's Journey". Sundanese Corner. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Sastroamidjojo, Ali. "A Statesman's Journey". The Global Review for International Affairs. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Otterspeer, W. Leiden Oriental Connections: 1850 - 1940. Leiden University Press. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  7. ^ Setiawan, Hawé. "A Statesman's Journey". Sundanese Corner. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  8. ^ Indonesia, Embassy of. "Building". Embassy of Indonesia. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  9. ^ Ricklefs, Merle Calvin (2001). A History of Modern Indonesia Since C. 1200 (3rd ed.). Stanford University Press. pp. 300, 305. ISBN 978-0-8047-4480-5. 

External links[edit]