Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani

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Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani
Emir of the State of Qatar
Reign 20 August 1949 – 24 October 1960
Coronation 20 August 1949
Full name Ali bin Abdullah bin Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani
Arabic علي بن عبد الله بن جاسم بن محمد آل ثاني
Born 5 June 1895
Birthplace Doha, Qatar
Died 31 August 1974
Place of death Beirut, Lebanon
Buried Al Rayyan, 1974
Predecessor Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
Successor Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
Royal house Al Thani
Dynasty Al Thani
Father Abdullah bin Jassim Al-Thani

Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani (Arabic: علي بن عبد الله بن جاسم بن محمد آل ثاني‎ "Ali bin Abdullah bin Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani"), KBE (5 June 1895 – 31 August 1974) was the emir of Qatar. Sheikh Ali is also known as the very first emir of Qatar to have migrated and traveled abroad, visiting India, Egypt, Europe, Lebanon and the Levant.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life and reign[edit]

Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani was born on 25 June 1895, in Doha. His father was Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani. He had a younger brother, Sheikh Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani, and a half brother, Sheikh Hassan bin Abdullah Al Thani.[1][2]

Monarchical styles of
The Emir of Qatar
Emblem of Qatar.svg
Reference style His Highness
Spoken style Your Highness
Alternative style Sheikh

He became the emir of Qatar on 20 August 1949. He is also known as the first emir of Qatar to have visited other countries abroad. His reign also saw emphasis on education and infrastructure. After his abdication, he lived a few years in Qatar during which he was very sociable in befriending many Muslim scholars.

In 1960, he abdicated in favour of his son, Ahmad.[3]

Events during his rule[edit]

During his reign, Sheikh Ali oversaw the very first shipment of onshore Qatari oil from the port city in Mesaieed on 31 December 1949, marking Qatar's entry into the oil age.[4]

Aside from overseeing the first shipment of oil in Qatar, Sheikh Ali's reign saw the establishment of the first regular school for boys, the first regular school for girls, the funding of university places and the construction of the very first permanent hospital. In addition to these, Sheikh Ali also oversaw the construction of the old Doha International Airport, which will be replaced with a new one in the summer of 2013, roads, water, electricity and port facilities, the establishment of government departments and ministries, and the first joint stock companies.[1] Ronald Cochrane was made responsible for organizing the police force in Qatar.[4] Phillip Plant, a former British Royal Air Force officer, was appointed in January 1950, as adviser to the emir.[4] In the same year, in August 1950, Britain appointed Arthur John Wilton as the first Political Officer in Qatar.[4]

On 1 September 1952, a new treaty was also signed between Sheikh Ali and the Iraq Petroleum Company (later Qatar Petroleum Company). Under the terms of these agreements, Qatar acquired 50% of profits from oil exports.[4] In line with the exploration of oil in Qatar, Sheikh Ali took steps to establish an effective administrative system to manage the rising economy of oil.[4] After befriending numerous Muslim scholars after his abdication, he started printing many historical Islamic books that were never printed before; these were printed in the Almaktab Alislami in Lebanon.[4]

Children[edit]

Sheikh Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani had 14 children, 11 sons and 3 daughters. See the list below for their names.

Note that this list is in descending order according to their age, from the eldest son to the youngest. Same is true with the daughters.

  • Sheikh Qassim bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Muhammed bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Fahad bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Khalifa bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Ghanim bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Hamad bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Abdullah bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Khalid bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh Abdulrahman bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikh AlWalid bin Ali Al Thani
  • Sheikha Mariam bint Ali Al Thani (1942 – 21 May 2014)
  • Sheikha Bothaina bint Ali Al-Thani
  • Sheikha Mauza bint Ali Al-Thani

Death[edit]

Sheikh Ali became diabetic in later years and lived in his home in Lebanon where he was taken care of by Nasib Albarbir. He died afterwards in the Barbir Hospital in Beirut on 31 August 1974. His body was then flown back to Qatar where he was buried in a cemetery at the municipality of Al Rayyan.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Buyers, Christopher. "The Al Thani Dynasty (page 6)". Royal Ark. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Buyers, Christopher. "The Al Thani Dynasty (page 5)". Royal Ark. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Rathmell, Andrew; Kirsten Schulze (October 2000). . "Political Reform in the Gulf: The Case of Qatar". Middle Eastern Studies 36 (4): 47–62. doi:10.1080/00263200008701331. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g "Shaikh Ali Bin Abdullah Al Thani". Diwan. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
Ali bin Abdullah Al Thani
Born: 5 June 1895 Died: 31 August 1974
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Abdullah bin Jassim Al Thani
Emir of Qatar
1949–1960
Succeeded by
Ahmad bin Ali Al Thani

External links[edit]