Alibunar

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Alibunar
Алибунар
Municipality and Town
Serbian Orthodox church in Alibunar
Serbian Orthodox church in Alibunar
Coat of arms of Alibunar
Coat of arms
Alibunar is located in Serbia
Alibunar
Alibunar
Location of Alibunar within Serbia
Alibunar is located in Vojvodina
Alibunar
Alibunar
Location of Alibunar within Vojvodina
Coordinates: 45°4′50″N 20°57′56″E / 45.08056°N 20.96556°E / 45.08056; 20.96556Coordinates: 45°4′50″N 20°57′56″E / 45.08056°N 20.96556°E / 45.08056; 20.96556
Country  Serbia
Province  Vojvodina
District South Banat
Government
 • Mayor Danijel Kišmarton
Elevation 71 m (233 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Alibunar 2,883
 • Metro 19,780
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 26310
Area code(s) +381(0)13
Car plates PA
Website www.alibunar.org.rs
Map of Alibunar municipality
The Romanian Orthodox church

Alibunar (Serbian Cyrillic: Алибунар) is a town and municipality in South Banat District of Vojvodina, Serbia. Alibunar town has a population of 2,883, and Alibunar municipality 19,780.

Name[edit]

In Serbian, the town is known as Alibunar or Алибунар, in Romanian as Alibunar, in German as Alisbrunn, in Hungarian as Alibunár, and in Turkish as Alipınar.

The name of the town derived from the Serbian word "bunar" ("well" in English) and Muslim/Turkish personal name "Ali". According to the local legend, Alibunar was named after Ali-paša (Ali-pasha), who had a cattle and a well at this place. Even today, there is a well in the town which is known as "Ali-pašin bunar" ("well of Ali-paša"). Before the Ottoman rule, Alibunar was known as "Krsturnica".

Inhabited places[edit]

Alibunar municipality encompasses of town of Alibunar, town of Banatski Karlovac, and following villages:

History[edit]

In this area, settlements existed in Neolithic, Bronze Age and Roman times. However, settlement appeared in historical sources in the 16th century. First recorded name of the settlement was Alijina Voda ("the water of Alija"), presumably named after its Muslim citizen Alija or Ali-paša, who had a house with stone well ("bunar" in Serbian) in the center of the settlement (hence the current name Alibunar or "the well of Ali"). After Ottomans were expelled from this region (in 1717), the settlement had 32 houses. In 1764, settlement was included into Illyrian (Serbian) regiment of Banatian Military Frontier, but in the next year, it was transferred to German regiment of this frontier. Before the inclusion into military frontier, Alibunar had ethnic Serb population, but after it became part of the frontier, 130 mostly Romanian and some 20-30 German families settled in this place. Serbs remained to live in older part of the settlement, Germans settled in its central parts and Romanians in northern parts. Serbian Orthodox church in the settlement was built in 1796.

Source: Stevan Kovačević, Gradovi Srbije u slici i reči, Beograd, 2010.

Historical population[edit]

Population of the town in different censuses:

  • 1948: 3,616
  • 1953: 3,811
  • 1961: 3,705
  • 1971: 3,951
  • 1981: 3,803
  • 1991: 3,738
  • 2002: 3,431
  • 2011: 2,883

Ethnic groups (2002 census)[edit]

Municipality[edit]

The population of the Alibunar municipality:

Settlements with a Serb ethnic majority are: Alibunar, Banatski Karlovac, Vladimirovac, Dobrica, Ilandža, and Novi Kozjak. The settlement with a Slovak ethnic majority is Janošik. The settlements with Romanian ethnic majority are: Lokve and Nikolinci. The ethnically mixed settlement with a relative Romanian majority is Seleuš.

The municipality of Alibunar contains the biggest ethnic Romanian community in Vojvodina.

Town[edit]

The population of the Alibunar town:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jovan Erdeljanović, Srbi u Banatu, Novi Sad, 1992.
  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]