Alice De Wolf Kellogg

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Alice De Wolf Kellogg
Born (1862-12-27)December 27, 1862
Chicago, Illinois
Died February 4, 1900(1900-02-04) (aged 37)
Chicago, Illinois
Nationality American
Education Academy of Fine Arts, Académie Julian, Académie Colarossi
Known for Painting
Notable work(s) The Mother, painting

Alice De Wolf Kellogg (December 27, 1862 – February 4, 1900) was an American painter whose work was exhibited at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition.[1]

Early life[edit]

Alice De Wolf Kellogg was born in Chicago, Illinois, the fifth of six daughters born to physician John Leonard Kellogg and his wife Mary Gage Kellogg. Young Alice was afflicted with nephritis, the disease which would eventually kill her. Encouraged by her father John, a practitioner of holistic medicine, Alice sought relief from her headaches and depression by studying metaphysical ideas and practices including spiritualism, Swedenborgianism, and the writings of Mary Baker Eddy.[2]

New Woman[edit]

As educational opportunities were made more available in the 19th-century, women artists became part of professional enterprises, including founding their own art associations. Artwork made by women was considered to be inferior, and to help overcome that stereotype women became "increasingly vocal and confident" in promoting women's work, and thus became part of the emerging image of the educated, modern and freer "New Woman".[3] Artists then, "played crucial roles in representing the New Woman, both by drawing images of the icon and exemplyfying this emerging type through their own lives."[4]

Education and career[edit]

Kellogg studied at the Academy of Fine Arts, where she won the school's top prize, three months' tuition, and began teaching in 1887. In 1887 she traveled to Europe, where she spent time in England and studied at the Académie Julian, the Académie Colarossi, and the private atelier of American expatriate painter Charles Lasar in Paris. Her correspondence about her fellow American students’ experience and work in Parisian art schools is a valuable record of life as an American artist in Europe, and the letters now reside at the Smithsonian Institution Archives of American Art. Kellogg exhibited paintings at the 1888 and 1889 Paris Salon exhibitions and at the Exposition Universelle of 1889.[5]

Her most well-known work is The Mother, an 1889 painting which was exhibited in the Women's Building at the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition. The painting was a modern variation on the Madonna theme, depicting a woman holding a sleeping baby on her lap. The Society of American Artists elected Kellogg to join their organization after The Mother was shown at their 1891 annual exhibition, and the painting was reproduced as the frontispiece of the January 1893 issue of Century Illustrated Magazine.[6]

Exhibitions[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Alice Kellogg Tyler". Illinois Women Artists Project. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  2. ^ Melissa Pierce Williams, Alice Kellogg Tyler, 1866-1900: Private Works, Columbia, Missouri: Williams & McCormick American Arts, 1986.
  3. ^ Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. pp. 145–146.
  4. ^ Laura R. Prieto. At Home in the Studio: The Professionalization of Women Artists in America. Harvard University Press; 2001. ISBN 978-0-674-00486-3. p. 160–161.
  5. ^ "Alice Kellogg Tyler (1862–1900)". M. Christine Schwartz Collection. Retrieved 25 October 2013. 
  6. ^ Carr, Carolyn Kinder; Gurney, George; Rydell, Robert W; Fortune, Brandon Brame; Mead, Michelle; National Museum of American Art (U.S.); National Portrait Gallery (Smithsonian Institution); Elizabeth F. Cheney Foundation (1993). Revisiting the White City : American Art at the 1893 World's Fair. Hanover and London: Univ. Press of New England. ISBN 0937311014. 

References[edit]

  • Annette Blaugrund with Joanne W. Boie, "Alice D. Kellogg: Letters from Paris, 1887-1889," Archives of American Art Journal 28, no. 3 (1988), pages 11–19.
  • Melissa Pierce Williams, Alice Kellogg Tyler, 1866-1900: Private Works, Columbia, Missouri: Williams & McCormick American Arts, 1986.