Alice Holland, Countess of Kent

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For other people named Alice FitzAlan, see Alice FitzAlan.
Alice FitzAlan
Lady Holland
Countess of Kent
Lady of the Garter
Arundel Castle 2.jpg
Arundel Castle, birthplace of Lady Alice FitzAlan and her siblings
Spouse(s) Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent

Issue

Alianore Holland, Countess of March
Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey
John Holland
Richard Holland
Elizabeth Holland
Joan Holland, Duchess of York
Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent
Margaret Holland, Countess of Somerset
Eleanor Holland, Countess of Salisbury
Bridget Holland
Noble family Fitzalan
Father Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Mother Eleanor of Lancaster
Born 1350
Arundel Castle, Sussex, England
Died 17 March 1416 (aged 66)

Alice Holland, Countess of Kent (c. 1350[1] – 17 March 1416), LG, formerly Lady Alice FitzAlan, was an English noblewoman, a daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and the wife of the 2nd Earl of Kent, the half-brother of King Richard II. She was the maternal grandmother of Anne Mortimer, thus an ancestor of King Edward IV and King Richard III. Through her daughter, Margaret, King Henry VII was her descendant. She was also the maternal grandmother of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland.

She was appointed a Lady of the Garter in 1388.


Family[edit]

Lady Alice FitzAlan was born circa 1350 at Arundel Castle in Sussex, England,[2] the second daughter of the 10th Earl of Arundel, and Lady Eleanor of Lancaster. She had six siblings who included Richard FitzAlan, later 11th Earl of Arundel, and Lady Joan FitzAlan, later Countess of Hereford, Essex, and Northampton. She also had three half-siblings from her parents' previous marriages.

Her paternal grandparents were the 9th Earl of Arundel and Alice de Warenne, and her maternal grandparents were the 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scotland was a granddaughter of Lady Alice FitzAlan

Marriage and issue[edit]

In 1354, at the age of four, Lady Alice was betrothed to her father's ward Edmund Mortimer who would in 1360 become the 3rd Earl of March. The marriage however did not take place. Alice married instead on 10 April 1364, 2nd Earl of Kent, one of the half-brothers of the future King Richard II by his mother Joan of Kent's first marriage to Thomas Lord Holland. She received from her father a marriage portion of 4000 marks.[3] Upon her marriage, she was styled Lady Holland. She did not, however, become Countess of Kent until 1381, when her husband succeeded his father as Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent.

Lord Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine in 1366, and in 1375, he was made a Knight of the Garter. Two years later in 1377, his half-brother Richard succeeded to the throne of England, as King Richard II. Alice's husband would become one of the young King's chief counsellors and exert a strong influence over his brother which led to the enrichment of Thomas and Alice. Alice was appointed a Lady of the Garter, an order of chivalry, in 1388.

Together Thomas and Alice had ten children:[4]

Later years[edit]

Alice's husband died on 25 April 1397. In 1399, King Richard was deposed, and the throne was usurped by Henry IV, the son-in-law of her elder sister, Joan. In January 1400, Alice's eldest son Thomas, who had succeeded his father as the 3rd Earl of Kent, was captured at Cirencester and beheaded without a trial by a mob of angry citizens[6] as a consequence of having been one of the chief conspirators in the Epiphany Rising. The rebels had hoped to seize and murder King Henry, and immediately restore King Richard to the throne. Less than three years earlier, her brother Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel and a Lord Appellant had been executed for his opposition to King Richard.

Alice herself died on 17 March 1416 at the age of sixty-six years.

Descendants[edit]

Alice had many illustrious descendants which included English kings Edward IV, Richard III (and his consort Queen Anne), Henry VII; from the latter of whom descended the Tudor monarchs. Alice was also an ancestress of Scottish king James II of Scotland and his successors which included Mary, Queen of Scots and James I of England. Her other notable descendants include the last queen consort of Henry VIII, Catherine Parr; Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick known in history as Warwick the Kingmaker; Cecily Bonville, and Anne Bourchier, 7th Baroness Bourchier. Living descendants of Alice Fitzalan include the current British Royal Family.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weir, Alison (1999). Britain's Royal Family: A Complete Genealogy. London: The Bodley Head. p.93
  2. ^ Lundy, Darryl (1 December 2008). "Alice FitzAlan". The Peerage.  cites: Weir, Alison. Britain's Royal Family. p. 93. .
  3. ^ R. R. Davies, Brendan Smith (2009). Lords and lordship in the British Isles in the late Middle Ages. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p.153. Google Books. Retrieved 29-01-11
  4. ^ Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands, Earls of Kent, 1352–1408 (Holand), Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,[better source needed]
  5. ^ Cawley, Charles, Earls of Kent, 1352–1408 (Holand), Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,[better source needed]
  6. ^ Cawley, Charles, Earls of Kent, 1352–1408 (Holand), Foundation for Medieval Genealogy  ,[better source needed]