Alice Christiana Gertrude Meynell (née Thompson; 22 September 1847 – 27 November 1922) was an English writer, editor, critic, and suffragist, now remembered mainly as a poet.
Alice Christiana Gertrude Thompson was born in Barnes, London, to Thomas James and Christiana (née Weller) Thompson. The family moved around England, Switzerland, and France, but she was brought up mostly in Italy, where a daughter of Thomas from his first marriage had settled. Her father was a friend of Charles Dickens.
Preludes (1875) was her first poetry collection, illustrated by her elder sister Elizabeth (the artist Lady Elizabeth Butler, 1846–1933, whose husband was Sir William Francis Butler). The work was warmly praised by Ruskin, although it received little public notice. Ruskin especially singled out the sonnet "Renunciation" for its beauty and delicacy.
After Alice, the entire Thompson family converted to the Catholic Church (1868 to 1880), and her writings migrated to subjects of religious matters. This eventually led her to the Catholic newspaper publisher and editor Wilfrid Meynell (1852–1948) in 1876. A year later (in 1877) she married Meynell, and they settled in Kensington. They became the proprietors and editors of such magazines as The Pen, the Weekly Register, and Merry England, among others.
Alice and Wilfrid Meynell had eight children, Sebastian, Monica, Everard, Madeleine, Viola, Vivian (who died at three months), Olivia, and Francis. Viola Meynell (1885–1956) became an author in her own right, and the youngest child Francis Meynell (1891–1975) was a poet and printer, co-founding the Nonesuch Press.
She was much involved in editorial work on publications with her husband, and in her own writing, poetry and prose. She wrote regularly for The World, The Spectator, The Magazine of Art, the Scots Observer (which became the National Observer, both edited by W. E. Henley), The Tablet, The Art Journal, the Pall Mall Gazette, and The Saturday Review.
The poet Francis Thompson, down and out in London and trying to recover from his opium addiction, sent the couple a manuscript. His poems were first published in Wilfrid's Merry England, and the Meynells became a supporter of Thompson. His 1893 book Poems was a Meynell production and initiative. Another supporter of Thompson was the poet Coventry Patmore. Alice had a deep friendship with Patmore, lasting several years, which led to his becoming obsessed with her, forcing her to break with him.
At the end of the 19th century, in conjunction with uprisings against the British (among them the Indians', the Zulus', the Boxer Rebellion, and the Muslim revolt led by Muhammad Ahmed in the Sudan), many European scholars, writers, and artists, began to question Europe's colonial imperialism. This led the Meynells and others in their circle to speak out for the oppressed. Alice Meynell became a leading figure in the Women Writers' Suffrage League, which was founded by Cicely Hamilton and active 1908–19.
Death and legacy
After a series of illnesses, including migraine and depression, she died 27 November 1922. She is buried at Kensal Green Catholic Cemetery, London, England. There is a London Borough Council commemorative blue plaque on the front wall of the property at 47 Palace Court, Bayswater, London, W2, where she and her husband once lived.
- Preludes (1875) – poems
- The Rhythm of Life (1893) – essays
- Poems by Francis Thompson (1893) – editor and producer
- Holman Hunt (1893)
- Selected Poems of Thomas Gordon Hake (1894) – editor
- The Color of Life and other Essays (1896)
- Poetry of Pathos and Delight by Coventry Patmore (1896) – editor
- The Flower of the Mind (1897) – anthology of English verse, editor, critic
- The Children (1897) – essays
- The Spirit of Place (1898) – essays
- London Impressions (1898)
- Ruskin (1900)
- Later Poems (1901)
- The Work of John S. Sargent (1903)
- Essays (1914)
- The Second Person Singular (1921)
- The Poems of Alice Meynell, Complete Edition (Oxford University Press, 1940)
- Prose and Poetry (1947) – introduction Vita Sackville-West, various editors
- National Portrait Gallery, London
- Badeni, p. 1
- Badeni, pp. 52–55
- Badeni, p. 35
- Badeni, pp. 50–116
- Badeni, pp. 50–116
- Badeni, pp. 115–129
- Badeni, June (1981). – The Slender Tree, A Life of Alice Meynell. – Cornwall: Tabb House. – ISBN 0-907018-01-7.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Alice Meynell|
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- The Poems of Alice Meynell (1923)
- Essays by Alice Meynell at Quotidiana.org
- Works by Alice Meynell at Project Gutenberg
- Works by Alice Meynell at the Internet Archive
- Alice's Bio – University of Virginia
- Meynell index entry at Poets' Corner
- Archival material relating to Alice Meynell listed at the UK National Archives
- "Meynell, Alice Christiana". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911.
- "Meynell, Alice (Thompson)". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.
- Works by or about Alice Meynell in libraries (WorldCat catalog)