Alice Springs Airport

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Alice Springs Airport
Alice Springs Airport logo.svg
IATA: ASPICAO: YBAS
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Northern Territory Airports Pty Ltd
Operator Alice Springs Airport Pty Ltd
Serves Alice Springs, Northern Territory
Elevation AMSL 1,789 ft / 545 m
Coordinates 23°48′25″S 133°54′08″E / 23.80694°S 133.90222°E / -23.80694; 133.90222Coordinates: 23°48′25″S 133°54′08″E / 23.80694°S 133.90222°E / -23.80694; 133.90222
Website www.alicespringsairport.com.au
Map
YBAS is located in Northern Territory
YBAS
YBAS
Location in the Northern Territory
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
12/30 2,438 7,999 Asphalt
17/35 1,133 3,717 Asphalt
Statistics (2011)
Passengers 598,749
Aircraftmovements 6,670
Sources: Australian AIP and aerodrome chart.[1] Passenger and aircraftmovements from the Department of Infrastructure and Transport[2]

Alice Springs Airport (IATA: ASPICAO: YBAS) is a regional airport 7 nautical miles (13 km; 8.1 mi) south of Alice Springs, Northern Territory. The airport was notably involved in Australia's first domestic airline hijacking, and later a suicide attack by a former airline employee which claimed the lives of four others.

The airport has two runways, the largest of which can accommodate a Boeing 747 or 777 landing (but not a fully laden takeoff due to high temperatures and the runway length). The only scheduled flights using the airport are domestic, although international charters do use the airport on occasions. The airport is not subject to a curfew and operates 24 hours a day.

During 2010–11 a total of 640,519 domestic passengers passed through Alice Springs Airport making it the 18th busiest in Australia.[3]

The facility is also extensively used to launch stratospheric research balloons; the runways used for a balloon launch are closed for aircraft traffic during the balloon launch process.[4]

History[edit]

On 5 October 1921 the first aircraft landed at the original airport located in the Alice Springs township. Connellan Airways (later to become Connair) was based there from 1939. The military buildup in the north of Australia in the late 1930s saw the need for an airport that could take larger and heavier aircraft. This led to the construction of Seven Mile Aerodrome and the diminished role of the Town Site Drome from 1946 until its eventual abandonment in 1968. It is now the site of the Central Australian Aviation Museum.

Seven Mile Aerodrome was originally built in 1940 by the Australian Department of Defence and was used primarily by the Royal Australian Air Force and the United States Air Force, to bring troops and supplies into the area. The airport became the main transit base for RAAF transport planes during World War II. Several civilian aircraft were permitted at the airport, but during the war its primary purpose was military as a refuelling and staging facility, as the airport was strategically located near the Pacific Theater of Operations. No. 57 Operational Base Unit (RAAF) ran and maintained the aerodrome.

In 1958 it officially became Alice Springs Airport. The main runway was extended to its present length of 2,438 m (7,999 ft) in 1961.

Units based at Seven Mile Aerodrome[edit]

  • No. 57 Operational Base Unit RAAF ran and maintained the aerodrome during World War II.
  • No. 87 Squadron RAAF was based at the aerodrome for a period of time to undertake aerial topographic survey work during World War II.

1972 hijacking[edit]

Alice Springs Airport was the site of the resolution of Australia's first domestic aircraft hijacking. On 15 November 1972, an Ansett Fokker F27 Friendship was hijacked after taking off from Adelaide Airport. The hijacker, Miloslav Hrabinec, threatened the pilot with a rifle and demanded to be given a parachute and flown to the desert. He was convinced to allow the plane to land its intended destination of Alice Springs, where he engaged in a shoot-out with Northern Territory Police, critically wounding a police officer before shooting himself in the head.

1977 suicide pilot[edit]

Tragedy struck the airport again on 5 January 1977, when a former employee of Connair, Colin Richard Forman,[5] flew a stolen aircraft into the Connair offices (formerly Connellan Airways) located at the airport, killing himself and three of the airline's employees.[6] A woman working in the offices suffered severe burns and died several days later.[7]

Privatisation[edit]

On 1 April 1989 the Federal Airports Corporation (FAC) assumed control of the airport. On 10 June 1998, the Government of Australia granted a 50-year lease plus a 49-year option to Northern Territory Airports Pty Ltd. Northern Territory Airports is 100% owned by Airport Developments Group (which also operates Tennant Creek Airport). Northern Territory Airports Pty Ltd has 100% ownership of Alice Springs Airport Pty Ltd (along with the Darwin International Airport).

Aircraft boneyard[edit]

On 27 May 2011 it was announced that Alice Springs Airport had been selected to be the first large-scale aircraft "boneyard" outside the United States, with the first aircraft for storage to arrive early in 2012.[8]

The facility is to be operated by Asia Pacific Aircraft Storage Ltd (APAS) which chose Alice Springs because its dry, arid climate is perfect for aircraft storage and preservation. The facility will store commercial aircraft not in use, as well as those planes that have been decommissioned from service and which will be stripped of parts to be re-cycled, such as engines, electronics and wiring.

Today[edit]

Walkway from the terminal to the airfield
Statistics for Alice Springs Airport[3]
Year[9] Passengers Aircraft
movements
2001–02 561,509 7,856
2002–03 571,804 7,647
2003–04 607,751 7,900
2004–05 602,905 7,421
2005–06 605,073 7,078
2006–07 624,326 6,298
2007–08 627,425 6,352
2008–09 674,215 6,657
2009–10 681,295 6,652
2010–11 640,519 6,878

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Alliance Airlines Brisbane, The Granites, Telfer
Qantas Adelaide, Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney
QantasLink operated by Cobham Uluru, Brisbane, Cairns, Darwin, Perth
Chartair Kiwirrkurra, Tennant Creek[10]

Operations[edit]

Domestic[edit]

Busiest domestic routes out of Alice Springs Airport
(year ending June 2011[9])[11]
Rank Airport Passengers
(thousands)
 % change
1 Victoria, Melbourne Airport 144,536 Increase2.0

Former airlines to fly to and from Alice Springs Airport include Ansett and Virgin Australia

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 15 November 1972, an Ansett Fokker F27 Friendship operating as flight 232 was hijacked after taking off from Adelaide Airport. After being persuaded to allow the plane to land at Alice Springs, the hijacker claimed his own life after a brief shoot-out with police.
  • The Connellan air disaster occurred on 5 January 1977, claiming the lives of the suicidal pilot and three on the ground.
  • On 16 December 2000 a mentally ill man broke into the hangar of the Alice Springs Aero Club, climbed into a Piper Warrior aeroplane belonging to the club and was able to start the engine. Despite having no formal flight training, the man was able to taxi the aircraft to the runway and take off at under the cover of darkness at around 5am. Shortly after becoming airborne, the aircraft impacted the ground approximately 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of the airport, fatally injuring the pilot. The accident was investigated by the Northern Territory Police and evidence heard during the subsequent coronial inquiry revealed the offender had on a previous occasion been apprehended at Darwin International Airport while attempting to steal an aircraft after absconding from a mental health facility. He told authorities he wanted to steal a plane to "fly back to God". It is believed he acquired a key at this time which he later used to start the plane he successfully stole and crashed.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ YBAS – Alice Springs (PDF). AIP En Route Supplement from Airservices Australia, effective 29 May 2014, Aeronautical Chart
  2. ^ Airport traffic data. Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  3. ^ a b "Airport Traffic Data 1985–86 to 2010–11". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  4. ^ "Stratospheric balloon launch bases and sites: Australian Balloon Launch Station, Alice Spring, Australia". Stratocat.com.ar. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  5. ^ "Connellan air disaster survivor commemorates anniversary – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 5 January 2008. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Stolen plane crashes". Ellensburg Daily Record. 5 January 1977. 
  7. ^ "No inquest on Alice deaths". The Age. Australia. 11 March 1977. 
  8. ^ Australia gets first plane 'boneyard' outside US, WA Today, 27 May 2011.
  9. ^ a b Fiscal year 1 July – 30 June
  10. ^ "Chartair begins Tennant Creek services". Northern Territory Airports. 14 June 2013. 
  11. ^ "Australian Domestic Airline Activity 2010–11". Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE). May 2012. Retrieved 17 May 2012.  Refers to "Regular Public Transport (RPT) operations only"
  12. ^ . Aviation Safety Network database http://aviation-safety.net/database/record.php?id=19950427-0.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  13. ^ "Inquest into the death of Bryan G aka Abel Dalls [2001] NTMC 67" (pdf). Northern Territory Government. 15 October 2001. 

External links[edit]