Alids

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For other uses, see Aleviler.
For the mainly Syrian-Shi’ite religious group, see Alawis. For the mainly mystical branch of Twelver-Shi’ites in Turkey, see Alevis.

The Alids are the dynasties descended from Ali ibn Abi Talib, son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad (see Family tree of Muhammad and Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali). Shia Muslims consider him the First Imam appointed by Muhammad and the first rightful caliph.

Lines of Descent[edit]

Primarily Sunnis in the Arab world reserve the term sharif or "sherif" for descendants of Hasan ibn Ali, while sayyid is used for descendants of Husayn ibn Ali. Both Hasan and Husayn are grandchildren of Prophet Muhammad, through the marriage of his cousin Ali and his daughter Fatima. However ever since the post-Hashemite era began, the term sayyid has been used to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn. Arab Shiites use the terms sayyid and habib to denote descendants from both Hasan and Husayn; see also ashraf.

To try to resolve the confusion surrounding the descendants of Muhammad, the Ottoman Caliphs during the 19th Century C.E. attempted to replicate the Almanach de Gotha (the tome listing the Noble houses of Europe) to show known and verifiable lines of descent. Although not 100% complete in its scope (some lines might have been excluded due to lack of proof, although no false lines are included) the resulting "Kitab al-Ashraf" (Book of the Sharifs), kept at the Topkapi Palace Museum in Istanbul is one of the best sources of evidence of descent from Muhammad.

There are several dynasties of Alid origin:

  • The Ukhaydhirite dynasty which ruled Najd in central Arabia from 862 C.E. till the mid-11th century traced its lineage to Ali through his son Al-Hassan.
  • The Sulaymanid dynasty of Yemen has origin in Hasan ibn Hasan, brother of Zayd ibn Hasan (see Zaydid dynasty above). Hasan had a son named Daud ibn Hasan, who was Sulayman ibn Daud's father, who the dynasty is named after.
  • The Alid dynasty of Yemen originated with Hasan ibn Hasan, brother of Zayd ibn Hasan (see Zaydid dynasty above). Hasan had a son named Ibrahim ibn Hasan, that had a son called Ismail ibn Ibrahim, father of Ibrahim Tabataba ibn Ismail. Tabataba was father of Kassim al Rassi, originally of the dynasty Rassid of imams of Yemen.
  • The Alid Dynasty of the Isaaq clan or Banu Isaaq clan of Somalia, who are descended from Ali through their ancestor Isaaq ibn Ahmad al Hashimi. Today, the Isaaq clan form the majority of the northern territory of Somaliland.
  • The Alid dynasty of Sharifs of Sousse (Tunisia) originated with Hasan ibn Hasan, brother of Zayd ibn Hasan (see Zaydid dynasty above). Hasan had a son named Abdallah ibn Hasan, who had a son called Djafar ibn Abdallah. This Djafar ibn Abdallah, grandson of Hasan ibn Hasan, began this dynasty.
  • The Alid dynasty of Sharifs of Morocco (the Alaouite dynasty [1]) began also with Hassan ibn Hassan, brother of Zayd ibn Hasan. Its first member was Muhammad ibn Abdallah, brother of Djafar ibn Abdallah (see above).
  • The Alid Dynasty of the Muse clan or Banu Muse clan of Somalia, who are descended from Ali through there ancestor Muse ibn Mohammed al Hashimi. Today, the Muse clan formed the minority of the northern territory of Somaliland.
Genealogical tree of the Fatimid caliphs (in yellow). Their ancestry from the seven Ismaili imams (in grey) and Muhammad is also shown.
Ali ibn Abi Talib,
Husayn ibn Ali,
Ali Zayn al Abidin ibn Husayn,
Muhammad el Bakir ibn Ali,
Djafar el Sadik ibn Muhammad,
Ismail ibn Djafar,
Muhammad ibn Ismail,
Ahmad al-Wafi (Abadullah ibn Muhammad ibn Ismail),
Muhammad at-Taqi (Ahmed ibn Abadullah ibn Muhammad),
Raḍī ʿAbd Allāh az-Zaki (Husayn ibn Ahmad ibn Abadullah) and
Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah.
Ali ibn Albi Talib,
Husayn ibn Ali,
Ali Zayn al Abidin ibn Husayn,
Muhammad el Bakir ibn Ali,
Djafar el Sadik ibn Muhammad,
Musa ibn Ja'far al-Kazim,
Hamzah ibn Musa,
Mohammad al-Qasim ibn Hamzah ,
Ahmed ibn Mohammad,
Mohamed ibn Ahmed ,
Ismail ibn Mohamed,
Ja'far ibn Ismail,
Ibrahim ibn Ja'far ,
Mohamed ibn Ibrahim ,
Ali ibn Mohamed,
Mohamed ibn Mohamed,
Feroz Shah ibn Mohamed,
Awoad ibn Feroz Shah ,
Mohamed ibn Awoad ,
Rashid ibn Mohamed,
Ahmed ibn Rashid ,
Gabriel ibn Ahmed,
Isaac ibn Gabriel ,
Safi al-Din ibn Isaac,
Sadruddin ibn Safi al-Din ,
Ali ibn Sadruddin,
Ibrahim ibn Ali,
Sadruddin ibn Ibrahim,
Haider ibn Sadruddin,
Shah Ismail Safavid ibn Haider.

Genealogical Trees[edit]

This is a table of the interrelationships between the different parts of the Alid dynasties:[2]


Ali ibn Abi Talib
Hasan al-Mujtabā
al-Husayn
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
Zayd
Hasan al-Mu'thannā
Ali Zayn
al-Abedin
Ali
Abu Hashim
Hasan
Yahya
Muhammad
Hasan
Hasan (Alavids)
Ali
Abdallah
Daud
Hasan
Ibrahim
Jā`far
Muhammad
Hasan
Sulayman
Ali
Ismail
Hasan
Ali
Sulaymanids
of Yemen
and Mecca
Husayn
Sahib Fakhkh
Ibrahim
Tabataba
Hasan
Husayn
'Umar al-Ashraf
Zayd
Muhammad
al-Bakir
Muhammad
Kasim al-Rassi
Ubayd Allah
Yahya
Idris
Jā`far al-Ṣādiq
Imams
of Yemen
Hasan al-Utrush
Hasan
Husayn
Musa
Yahya
Ibrahim
Idris
Sulayman
Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya
Jā`far
Isa
Ali
Ibrahim
Abd Allah
Idrisids of
Morroco
and
Hammudids
of Spain
Sulaymanids
of the Maghrib
Sharifs
of Morocco
Sharifs
of Sus
Yahya ibn Umar al-Kūfī
Husayn
al-Ukhaydir
Yusuf
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far
Abdullah al-Aftah
Musa
al-Kazim
Ishak
Muhammad
al-Dibadj
Banu
al-Ukhaydir
Musa
Salih
Sulayman
Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl
Muhammad ibn Abdullah
Ali
al-Rida
Ahmad
Banu Katada
of Mecca and
Banu Fulayta
Banu Salih
of Ghana
Sulaymanid
Sharifs
Hidden Imams
Muhammad
al-Djawad
Fatimid
Caliphs
Musa
Ali al-Hadi
Imams of Alamut
Muhammad
Hasan
al-Askari
Jā`far
Muhammad
al-Mahdi




Below is a simplified family tree of Husayn ibn Ali. For the ancestors of ibn Ali see the family tree of Muhammad and the family tree of Ali. People in italics are considered by the majority of Shia and Sunni Muslims to be Ahl al-Bayt (People of the House). Twelver Shia also see the 4th to 12th Imamah as Ahl al-Bayt.

Family tree of Husayn ibn Ali[edit]


Muhammad
grandfather
(family tree)
 
Khadijah bint Khuwaylid
grandmother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatimah
mother
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali
father
(family tree)
(descendants)
1st Shia Imamah, 4th Sunni Rashidun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhsin ibn Ali
brother
 
Hasan ibn Ali
brother
2nd Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah Imamah
 
 
Husayn ibn Ali
3rd Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah and 2nd Nizari Imamah
 
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
sister
 
Zaynab bint Ali
sister
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shahrbanu
wife
 
Rubab bint Imra al-Qais
wife
 
 
 
Layla bint Abi Murrah al-Thaqafi
wife
 
 
Umm Ishaq bint Talhah
wife
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Fatema Sugra bint Husayn
daughter
 
Sakinah bint Husayn
daughter
 
Ali al-Asghar ibn Husayn
son
 
Sukayna bint Husayn
daughter
 
Ali al-Akbar ibn Husayn
son
 
Fatimah bint Husayn
daughter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali ibn Husayn
son
4th Twelver/Mustaali/Zaidiyyah and 3rd Nizari Imamah
 
Fatimah bint al-Hasan
daughter-in-law
 
 
Jayda al-Sindhi
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad al-Baqir
grandson
5th Twelver/Mustaali and 4th Nizari Imamah
 
Farwah bint al-Qasim
(Umm Farwa)
 
 
 
Zayd ibn Ali
grandson
5th Zaidiyyah Imamah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hamidah Khatun
 
 
 
Ja'far al-Sadiq
great-grandson
6th Twelver/Mustaali and 5th Nizari Imamah
 
 
 
Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Musa al-Kadhim
great-great-grandson
7th Twelver Imamah
 
 
Abdullah al-Aftah ibn Ja'far al-Sadiq
great-great-grandson
 
 
Ismāʿīl ibn Jā`far
great-great-grandson
7th Mustaali and 6th Nizari Imamah
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ummul Banīn Najmah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali ar-Ridha
great-great-great-grandson
8th Twelver Imamah
 
Sabīkah a.k.a. Khayzurān
 
 
 
 
Muhammad ibn Ismāʿīl
great-great-great-grandson
8th Mustaali, 7th Nizari and last Sevener Imamah
 
Fatima
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sumānah
 
Muhammad al-Taqi
great-great-great-great-
grandson
9th Twelver Imamah
 
 
Unknown
 
Ahmad al-Wafi
great-great-great-great-grandson
9th Mustaali and 8th Nizari Imamah
 
Other issue
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ali al-Hadi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Twelver Imamah
 
Hâdise ( Hadīthah ) / Suzan ( Sūsan ) / Sevil ( Savīl )
 
Other issue
 
Muhammad at-Taqi
great-great-great-great-great-grandson
10th Mustaali and 9th Nizari Imamah
 
Unknown
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan al-Askari
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Twelver Imamah
 
Narjis
 
 
 
 
 
Rabi Abdullah
great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
11th Mustaali and 10th Nizari Imamah
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Muhammad al-Mahdi
great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandson
12th and final Twelver Imamah


Family tree of Hasan ibn Ali[edit]

The Hashemites of Sharifs of Mecca, Kings of Jordan, Syria and Iraq are descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali:[dubious ]

Genealogical tree of the Hashemite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet,[3] [4] which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali in some parts.

[5] [6] [7]

The Alaouites, Kings of Morocco, are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil[dubious ]:

Genealogical tree of the Alouite family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet,[8][9] which is contradictory to the previous family tree of Hasan bin Ali.


Genealogoical chart of the descent from the Prophet of the Idrisid dynasty, rulers of Fez and Morocco, Kings of Tunis, and the Senussi dynasty, founders and heads of the Libyan Senussi Order and Kings of Libya are also descended from the other brother Hasan ibn Ali through Al Hassan Addakhil.

Genealogical tree of the Idrisid and Senussi family showing their descent Muhammad the Prophet. [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://web.genealogie.free.fr/Les_dynasties/Les_dynasties_musulmanes/Dynastie_des_Hasanides.htmoriginated
  2. ^ Daftary, Farhad. "ʿAlids." Encyclopaedia of Islam, THREE. Edited by: Gudrun Krämer, Denis Matringe, John Nawas, Everett Rowson. Brill Online, 2014.
  3. ^ The Hashemites: Jordan's Royal Family
  4. ^ Stitt, George (1948). A Prince of Arabia, the Amir Shereef Ali Haider. George Allen & Unwin, London. 
  5. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund (1996). The New Islamic Dynasties. Edinburgh University Press. 
  6. ^ Antonius, George (1946). The Arab Awakening. Capricorn Books, New York. 
  7. ^ The Hashemites, 1827-present
  8. ^ "Morocco (Alaoui Dynasty)". Usa-morocco.org. Retrieved 2014-01-01. 
  9. ^ a b Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1980). Burke's Royal Families of the World: Africa & the Middle East. Burke's Peerage. 

External links[edit]

  • Descendants of Ali ibn Abi Talib (Dynastie des Alides, in French):[1]
  • Hasanid branch of the Alides (among which the members of the (royal) Alouite dynasty of Morocco): [2]
  • Idrisid branch of the Alides (among which the members of the (royal) Idrissid dynasty of Morocco): [3]
  • Fatimid branch [4]