Alief, Houston

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"Alief" redirects here. For psychological and philosophical concept, see Alief (belief).

Alief is a community in Harris County, Texas, United States that is mostly within the city limits of Houston. The Alief Community Association defines the boundaries of Alief as, "Westheimer on the north, Sam Houston Tollway on the east, Fort Bend County Line on the west and Highway 59 on the south,[1]" while the Alief Independent School District boundaries extend as far east as Gessner in some places.[2] Portions of Alief are in Southwest Houston while portions of Alief are within unincorporated Harris County.

Alief
Community of Houston, Texas
Motto: “The friendliest, most diverse community in Houston.”[3]
Alief is located in Texas
Alief
Alief
Location within the state of Texas
Coordinates: 29°42′40″N 95°35′47″W / 29.71111°N 95.59639°W / 29.71111; -95.59639Coordinates: 29°42′40″N 95°35′47″W / 29.71111°N 95.59639°W / 29.71111; -95.59639
Country United States
State Texas
County Harris
City Houston
Area Southwest
Settled 1894
Annexed 1977
Area
 • Total 36.6 sq mi (94.7 km2)
Elevation 79 ft (24 m)
Population
 • Total 144,688
 • Density 3,953/sq mi (1,528/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
GNIS feature ID 1329364[4]

Contents

History[edit]

Early settlement (1861–1917)[edit]

In 1861, Reynolds Reynolds claimed 1,250 acres (5.1 km2) of land[5][6] near Brays Bayou. The land was sold to Jacamiah Seaman Daugherty in 1888 and in the following year, he allowed the San Antonio and Aransas Pass Railway to build on his land.[5][6] Daugherty sold his land in 1893 to Francis Meston who planned to engineer a community.[5][6] Daugherty stayed to oversee land sales in Meston's Houston office.[6] In 1894, the community was surveyed[5][6] and recognized by Harris County. Surveyors named the town Dairy, Texas.[5][6] The first two town settlers, Dr. John S. Magee and his wife, Alief Ozelda Magee, moved from Ellis County to Dairy the same year.[5]

The Railroad Depot 1902

Alief Ozelda Magee, acting as the town's first postmistress, applied to open the first post office in 1895.[5][6][7] On August 16, 1895 the post office opened.[8] The postal service referred to the office as "Alief" in her honor to help avoid confusion with mail intended for the similarly named town of Daisy, Texas.[5][6][7] The site of the post office, which was operated from her home, was honored with a Texas State Historical Marker in 1990.[5] The marker (number 10644) is located on the south side of 7th Street between F Street and G Street.[5]

Meston deeded property to Dr. John S. Magee, Newton Gentry, and Hardy Price for use as a cemetery in 1900.[9] Alief Ozelda Magee, who died in 1899, is buried in the cemetery.[7][9] The cemetery is located at what is now the intersection of Bellaire Blvd. and Dairy Ashford.[7][9] The Texas Historical Commission recognized Alief Cemetery with a historical marker (number 10589) in 1984.[9]

The Flood of 1899 and the Galveston Hurricane of 1900 destroyed the Methodist Episcopal Church along with the town's cotton and corn crops, forcing 24 of the 30 families that resided in Alief to relocate.[6] The town reverted to prairie and wolves openly roamed during daytime.[6] Daugherty found a positive side to the flooding; He persuaded the remaining six families that rice was better suited to grow in Alief's flood plains than previous crops and spent his own money to help cultivate the first rice crops.[6] Daugherty succeeded: his rice became an instant cash crop[5] that persuaded many to return to Alief.[6] In 1901, Alief's first immigrant families, a small group of Germans arrived.[6] In 1904, the majority of those who had left in the wake of the 1900 hurricane returned.[6] The rapid growth period created a commercial district along the railroad tracks, convincing the San Antonio & Aransas Pass Railway to construct a depot.[6]

Due to its propensity for flooding, the citizens established the Harris County Flood Control District in Alief in 1909.[5][6] The chairman of the Harris County Drainage District was Daugherty.[10] Trustees S.B. (Shorter) Burleson and Will and Eddie Garmond for the Prairie Grove Missionary Baptist Church purchased land in 1910 which would later become the church's home.[11] The historic African American church's congregation met in the home of S.B. (Shorter) Burleson before the construction of the sanctuary.[11] Credit for the church's name is primarily attributed to Mamie Burleson.[11] In 1911, the Dairy School District was established[6] and a three-story school was built.[12]

The town was officially renamed "Alief, Texas" in 1917[5] and the Dairy School District became the Alief Independent School District[12] (Alief ISD).

Development (1918–1969)[edit]

Automobiles arrived in Alief by 1920.[12] The sanctuary for Prairie Grove Missionary Baptist Church was constructed between 1921 and 1922.[11] The Cane Belt Canal, which "ran from the Brazos River, eight miles north of Richmond, through Alief and south to Alvin," according to the Westchase District, was completed in 1934.[13] Daugherty promoted the canal, which was used for irrigation by rice farmers.[13] The year after the canal was completed, Alief obtained electricity.[12] Education in Alief was segregated.[6] From 1927 to 1937, African American children used Prairie Grove Missionary Baptist Church's sanctuary as a schoolhouse.[11] Previously, African American children attended school in a one-room schoolhouse.[6] Alief ISD's three-story schoolhouse was condemned in 1939,[12] and its students attended classes in a nearby building until a new school annex was added in 1940.[12] Also in 1940, Melissa Outley died.[11] Melissa Outley was married to David Outley. He was the first African American educator in Alief.[14][15] Hers is the first known burial in Prairie Grove Cemetery, which was adjacent to Prairie Grove Missionary Baptist Church.[11] The church's sanctuary was demolished in the 1940s as attendance fell.[11] Alief Community Church first opened its doors in 1941.[16] Population fluctuated wildly, ranging from a low of 35 in the 1930s to 200 by 1942.[6] Population fluctuated wildly, ranging from a low of 35 in the 1930s to 200 by 1942.[6] Alief acquired telephone service in 1943.[17] E.W.K. "Andy" Andrau opened Andrau Airpark[13] in 1946.[18] In 1964, Alief ISD built its oldest remaining school, Alief Elementary School (later renamed for teacher Cynthia Youens).[12] By the same year, oilman Robert E. "Bob" Smith owned 11,000 acres of land including what is now the Westchase area.[13]

Growth, diversification, and annexation (1970–1989)[edit]

Aerial view of Alief in 1977

In 1970, Alief was still primarily pastureland and major thoroughfares, such as the Sam Houston Tollway, were still gravel roads.[12] The 1970s were a prosperous time for Houston,[19] and Alief continued to grow as people came to the area in search of housing.[19] Houston began expanding westward with the development of River Oaks and Memorial, and the trend continued to Alief.[20] Many of the new residents were low-income apartment dwellers.[19] The community's population increased by a factor of four between 1970 and 1985.[12] Between 1980 and 1985, approximately a third of the population growth experienced by Harris County occurred in the southwest quadrant of the county bounded by the Katy and South (288) freeways, with Alief accounting for half of that, or one-sixth of the overall growth of the county during that five-year time frame.[20] The Alief Independent School District struggled to find room for all of the new students.[19]

As the population of Alief increased in the 1980s,[21] the community began to diversify. In 1978, close to 80% of the people in the community were white.[22] Less than 4% of the people in the community were African American.[22] The shift was primarily for socio-economic reasons.[22] Many low-income Spanish-speaking immigrants settled in traditionally low-income areas of Houston inside Loop 610.[22] Many African-Americans who could afford to left traditional African-American neighborhoods to move to Alief and other parts of Southwest Houston during the 1980s.[21][22] White people who could afford to move to newer suburbs further from Houston than Alief began to leave the community.[22] In addition, many people of Asian ancestry settled in Alief, Sharpstown, and Westwood, creating one of the largest Asian-American concentrations in Houston.[21] Southwest Houston's Asian population included mainly immigrants from China, India, Pakistan, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Korea.[21] In addition, Southwest Houston became home to many people from Taiwan, the Philippines, Japan, Laos, and Indonesia.[23] By the late 1980s, white students accounted for less than half of the students enrolled in Alief ISD.[22]

Crime began to increase during the 1980s in Alief as well. The murder count in Houston surpassed the 700 mark in 1981.[24][25] Drug trafficking became more common in the 1980s.[19] Although the Houston Police Department had downplayed the existence of criminal gangs in the city, Westside Tactical Unit Officer R.L. Spurgeon revealed in a 1988 Houston Chronicle interview that the Los Angeles Crips were attempting to recruit the loosely formed Alief Gangsters.[26] Later the same year, the Houston Chronicle reported that although there were many gangs in Houston, several were in the Alief area,[27] and that some Alief youths claimed to be Crips or Latin Kings.[27] According to Police Chief Lee P. Brown, Houston's gang problem was smaller in scale than other major U.S. cities had at the same time.[27]

In addition changes in population and demographic, the community underwent several other important changes. Robert E. "Bob" Smith died in 1973, and his widow sold 760 acres of land to the Westchase Corporation which began developing the Westchase District.[13] Houston began annexing Alief in 1977.[12] The City of Houston voted to annex the Alief-Fondren area on November 23, 1977.[28] In 1978, Brown and Root built a large engineering complex at the corner of Bellaire Blvd. and Beltway 8.[29] Houston continued to annex pieces of Alief into the 1980s.[30] West Oaks Mall opened in 1984[31] and was annexed by the City of Houston the same year.[30] The community feared that annexation would lead to neglect by Houston's government and protested further annexations.[30] Despite these efforts, Houston succeeded in annexing most of the area.[32] Agriculture began to fade.[33][34] The last cotton gin in Alief closed in 1976,[34] and the area ceased growing cotton altogether by 1982.[33] Alief was one of the last places where cotton had been grown in Harris County.[33][34] Dairy, cattle, vegetable production, and rice production also declined.[33] Urban development took the place of agriculture.[33] In the spring of 1985, Houston Fire Station #76 was opened to serve the Alief area.[35] The Alief Branch Library (since renamed the David M. Henington-Alief Regional Library) was also opened in 1985.[36][37] As a sign of the community's growing diversity, the Houston Chronicle noted that the library staff spoke, "a variety of languages, including Hindi, Mandarin Chinese and Farsi," when the library first opened.[37] West Houston Medical Center was constructed in 1985 as well.[38][39] The Alief General Hospital building was abandoned. The Fame City entertainment complex and water park (which later became Fun Plex and Adventure Bay) held its grand opening in 1986.[40] Fame City featured roller skating, movie theaters, a sound studio, miniature golf, bumper-cars, bowling, alley, games, rides, an arcade, restaurants and shops indoors, and a 10 acre water park outdoors.[40] The Alief Brown and Root building closed in May 1987, but was reopened in November 1988 when the industry saw increased growth.[29] Andrau Airpark was sold to the Camden Trust in 1988, although the airport continued to operate.[13]

Population Boom (1990 - 2005)[edit]

Diversity[edit]

The size and diversity of Alief's population continued to grow. Alief's population increased by 45% from 1990 to 2005.[41] By 1991, Alief ISD was growing at a rate of approximately 1,500 new students per year.[42] Houston City Council District F (which included Alief and Sharpstown) had a population that was approximately 46% white with quickly growing African American, Hispanic, and Asian segments.[43] Previously, District F had a mostly white population.[43] Alief ISD's student population was 24% African American by 1991.[22] By 1993, there were 34% more Asian businesses than there had been in 1982.[44] Canterbury United Methodist Church began offering services in Vietnamese in 1995.[45] By 1996, Alief was one of the most ethnically diverse school districts in the country.[46] The district's student population was approximately 33% African American, 25% Hispanic, 20% White, and 20% Asian.[46] Students spoke a total of 57 different languages.[46] Christ the King Episcopal Church was offering an "African Thanksgiving Feast" since many of the church members had African heritage.[47] The district's main high schools, Hastings and Elsik, were the two largest high schools in Texas.[46] Alief ISD estimated a total enrollment of 39,000 students in the district, with 8,582 students attending either Hastings or Elsik.[46]

Mik Giglio of the Houston Press said in 200 that in 1997 Alief "was a blend of its affluent, white former self and the predominantly poor, ethnic enclave it has since become."[48]

By 1997, street signs in Alief near Bellaire and Corporate were in both English and Chinese.[49] The Chinese signs had the Chinese phonetic pronunciations of the English names so that English and Chinese speakers could understand each other.[49] In 1997, Hong Kong Development announced plans to build a center called Hong Kong City at the corner of Bellaire and Boone.[50] The developers hoped that building west of Beltway 8 would move the center of the growing Asian business community further west.[50] The Hong Kong City Mall opened in 1999.[51] At the same time that the African American, Hispanic, and Asian populations increased, the white population decreased.[52] Researchers cited social class differences as the reason most white people moved away from Alief.[52] People with greater financial means of all ethnicities moved to further outlying suburbs with greater amenities and better performing schools during the period, while people with lesser financial means moved into the area to take advantage of newer housing and better amenities and schools than those that they left behind.[52] The change was seen disproportionately in the white population since the white population was disproportionately wealthier.[52] Allen G. Breed of the Associated Press wrote: "Alief is an impoverished, multicultural enclave where many of the business and street signs are in both English and one of several Asian languages. The district's 47,000 students speak nearly 70 tongues, and the number of students qualifying for free or reduced lunch over 70%.".[53]

Crime[edit]

Alief continued to encounter common urban problems during the 1990s. Crimes committed by juveniles rose significantly, and by 1990, there were 60% more murders committed by juveniles in Harris County than there had been in 1986.[54] Violence associated with criminal gangs escalated. In 1993, five people were arrested when a dispute between rival gangs resulted in the murder of a teenager at a Halloween party.[55] Reactions to the rise in crime varied. In 1991, the candidates for the District F city council seat agreed that crime and drugs were the most important issues.[43] By the same year, Alief ISD had added rules to its dress code forbidding students to wear gang attire.[56] In 1992, Alief ISD began setting up metal detectors at high schools and athletic events to prevent students from carrying weapons.[57] Harris County Commissioner Steve Radack declared 11 parks in his precinct, including Alief-Amity Park, drug-free zones with stiffer penalties for people caught possessing drugs.[58] Alief ISD tested a uniform policy at three middle schools in 1996 and then mandated uniforms for all elementary, intermediate, and middle schools in 1997.[59]

Income[edit]

Poverty increased in the area. Between 1991 and 1992, one area food bank received 43% more requests for food than it had in the preceding year.[60] By 1995, large numbers of undocumented workers had moved to the area and were working for less than minimum wage.[61] The House of Amos opened in 1995 to help provide food and clothes to impoverished residents.[61]

Education[edit]

Many developments in education took place in the 1990s in Alief. In 1993, Alief ISD instituted a rule which made passing the statewide standardized test, the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills (TAAS) Exit Exam, a requirement for high school graduation.[62] Many parents protested the measure.[62] In 1995, voters decided to allow Alief ISD to build the Hastings and Elsik Ninth Grade Centers.[63] In 1998, voters approved funds for Alief ISD to use to build a new high school,[64] which would later become Alief "Doc" Taylor.

The period was also marked with political scandals. In 1991, a ballot box from the Boone Elementary polling location containing over 700 ballots went missing after the poll closed.[65]

In late 1994, David M. Henington, the director of the Houston Public Library, retired. In an article about his retirement plans he told the reporter he wanted personal computers placed in all of Houston's branch libraries so that all Houstonians could access the internet "information superhighway" during their visits.[66] In 1996, the Henington-Alief Library began offering free internet access to the public.[67] The service was text-only and was limited to 20 minutes when other users were waiting to use the computers.[67] The move by the Houston Public Library was intended to bring internet access to Houstonians who did not have a home computer and therefore did not have home access to the internet.[67]

Hurricane Katrina (2005)[edit]

In 2005, Alief became home to many Hurricane Katrina evacuees.[68] More than 3,000 evacuees enrolled in Alief ISD schools.[68] Alief ISD spent $12 million to accommodate Hurricane Katrina evacuees in 2005.[53] The United States government promised to reimburse the district, but in 2006 Alief had not yet received the money.[53] Many of the students who were displaced by the hurricane were academically behind their Texas peers.[68] In 2006, former United States President George H. W. Bush and Houston Mayor Bill White led a fundraising campaign to help Alief ISD and other districts pay for educating the displaced students.[68] The influx of evacuees caused an escalation of gang violence[citation needed]. Murders in Houston increased by 29% in 2005.[24]

Politics[edit]

In the first 1991 Mayor of Houston election, most Alief voters voted for Bob Lanier. However, in the community Sylvester Turner, Lanier's opponent, had a large second-most following in terms of votes.[69][70] In 2008, M. J. Khan represented the District F (which includes Alief).[71] By December 3, 1991, increases in crime and changes of demographics in southwestern Houston neighborhoods led to many challengers desiring to fill the city council seat of District F.[72]

Government[edit]

Municipal[edit]

Alief is partially annexed by the City of Houston, and partially unincorporated. This section pertains only to the annexed portion of Alief. Please see the "County" section for unincorporated Alief.

As of 2011 Houston City Council District F covers the parts of Alief in Houston.[73]

The portion of Alief in Houston is within Super Neighborhood #25 Alief. Its recognized council was established on June 25, 2000.[17] Each super neighborhood represents a group of civic clubs, places of worship, businesses, and other institutions and community interests.[74]

Represents Name First Elected District Boundaries
District F[75] Al Hoang 2009 Map of District F (after 2011 redistricting)
At-Large Position 1[75] Stephen Costello 2009 All of Houston
At-Large Position 2[75] Sue Lovell 2005 All of Houston
At-Large Position 3[75] Melissa Noriega 2007 All of Houston
At-Large Position 4[75] Clarence Bradford 2009 All of Houston
At-Large Position 5[75] Jolanda "Jo" Jones 2007 All of Houston

County[edit]

Commissioner Name Party First Elected Current Term Ends District Boundaries
  Precinct 3[76] Steve Radack Republican 1988 2012 Map of Precinct 3

State representation[edit]

Senators Name Party First Elected Current Term Ends District Boundaries
  District 13[77] Rodney Ellis Democrat 1990 2014 Map of District 13
  District 17[78] Joan Huffman Republican 2008 2012 Map of District 17
Representatives Name Party First Elected Current Term Ends District Boundaries
  District 133[79] Jim Murphy Republican 2010; Also served 2006-2008 2012 Map of District 133
  District 149[80] Hubert Vo (unseated Talmadge L. Heflin) Democrat 2004 2012 Map of District 149

National representation[edit]

Senators Name Party First Elected Current Term Ends Level
  Senate Class 1 Kay Bailey Hutchison[81] Republican 1993 December 2011 Senior Senator
  Senate Class 2 John Cornyn[81] Republican 2002 December 2014 Junior Senator
Representatives Name Party First Elected Current Term Ends District Boundaries
  District 9[82] Al Green Democrat 2004 January 2013 Map of District 9

Demographics[edit]

The annexed portion of Alief had a population of 108,971 people which was growing at a rate of 1.15% annually in 2009.[83] The City of Houston stated on its website that the "legendary diversity" in Alief "is evident in the large section of Asian residents and businesses along Bellaire Boulevard.[3]" According to the Alief Independent School District in 2011, "Virtually every culture of the modern world is represented in [the district's] 45,000 student enrollment; more than 80 languages and dialects are spoken,"[12] among its students. The population was 11.1% white(non-Hispanic), 27.4% black(non-Hispanic), 21.2% Asian, and 37.9% Hispanic in the annexed portion of Alief in 2009.[83] The number of Asians and Hispanics in the annexed portion of Alief increased between the years 2000 and 2009 while the number of people from all other ethnic groups listed by the City of Houston Planning Department either declined or showed no change.[83] The number of households in the annexed portion of Alief increased from 31,033 in 2000 to 33,654 in 2009.[83] The average size of households in the area increased as well, from 3.15 to 3.22.[83] The median age of residents in the annexed portion of Alief was 29.6 in 2009.[83] The median household income in 2009 was $50,028 annually and the average household income was $54,295 annually for Alief households located in Houston.[83] The unemployment rate increased significantly, from 7.4% in 2000 to 11.5% in the annexed portion of Alief.[83]

News Paper[edit]

Online and Print News Paper[edit]

As of June 2012 Alief had its own online news portal, http://www.aliefpost.com founded by Alief resident Waqas Syed[84] In addition to the online portal, As of November 2013, the Alief Post began printing a tabloid sized monthly newspaper which continues to be distributed through grocery stores and gas stations around the Alief Area.

Prior to the Alief Post, there was the Advocate which ceased publication in the late 8o's.[84]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Alief Independent School District headquarters

Public schools[edit]

Public school students in Alief are served by the Alief Independent School District (Alief ISD). To enroll in Alief ISD, students must present a state-certified birth certificate (prekindergarten and kindergarten students must have an original birth certificate), their most recent report card, immunization records, two proofs of their residence (which can be in the form of a deed, lease, bank statement, and/or most recent utility bill), the student’s social security number.[85] A parent/legal guardian must accompany children under the age of 18 who wish to enroll and the parent or guardian must present his or her photo ID.[85] The district offers prekindergarten to children meeting set criteria.[85] To qualify for enrollment in a prekindergarten program, children must be 4 years old by the district's cut-off date.[85] Children also must be either unable to speak or comprehend English or come from families which have a household income at or below the subsistence level as defined by the State Board of Education.[85] Students between the ages of 5 years old and 21 may attend kindergarten through twelfth grade in the district.[85] In addition, students who are between the ages of 21 and 26 may attend high school in the district to complete their high school diploma requirements.[85]

Youens Elementary School

As of 2011, the Alief Independent School District has 24 elementary schools.[86] Youens Elementary[87] and Chancellor Elementary go all the way to fifth grade,[88] however most students are also zoned to an intermediate school for fifth and sixth grade. The district has six intermediate schools as of 2011.[86] Students attend middle school for the sixth through eighth grades.[89] The district has six middle schools as of 2011.[86] High school students in Alief ISD are assigned by lottery to either Alief Elsik High School, Alief Hastings High School, or Alief Taylor High School during October of their eighth grade year.[90] They can also choose to apply for admission to Alief Kerr High School.[91] Students selected to attend Hastings High School attend the Hastings Ninth Grade Center during their ninth grade year, and students selected to attend Elsik High School attend the Elsik Ninth Grade Center during their ninth grade year.[92] In 2010, the district opened an additional high school in partnership with Houston Community College. The Alief Early College High School allows students to take courses for dual credit and graduate with both a high school diploma and the equivalence of an associates degree at the same time.[93] Admission to the Alief Early College High School is by application only.[93] According to the Houston Chronicle, admission to the school is not based on ability, rather, "Students who will be selected are mostly under-represented at four-year colleges or will be the first in their family to attend college.[93]" The district also has two alternative schools.[86] The Alief Learning Center has its own campus,[94] while the Crossroads/ Night High School/ LINC/ SOAR (Crossroads) meets in the annex between Hastings and Elsik.[95] The Crossroads program is designed for "at-risk students with discipline problems who are behind in academic credit and are at risk of not graduating from high school,[95]" as well students who are pregnant or parenting, emancipated minors, and students who have failed the TAKS/ TAAS tests.[96]

In addition to school campuses, the district has several other facilities for students, staff, and administrators. The Leroy Crump Stadium[97] is home to many athletic events. The Steven Lloyd Ness Natatorium, located on High Star across the street from the Elsik campus,[97] houses the districts swimming pools. The district administration offices are on High Star.[97] The maintenance office and nutrition annex are on High Star as well.[97] The district bus depot is on Synott.[97] The district has its own police force.[98] The police station is located on 12135 1/2 High Star.[98] The police force enforces the district's "Zero Tolerance" policy.[98]

Charter schools[edit]

Charter schools are an alternative to public school education. The schools are partially funded by taxpayers and are not allowed to charge tuition. The schools enjoy more freedom of administration than public schools. They are not affiliated with local school districts.

Alief Montessori Community School[edit]

Alief Montessori Community School is a charter school which offers prekindergarten through the fifth grade[99] following Montessori philosophy. Students are typically between 3 and 12 years old.[99] The school was ranked among the top schools in the Houston area in 2011.[99] The school has also been a Texas Exemplary School and a recipient of the Honor Roll School Award from the Texas Business and Education Coalition.[100] The school is located at 12013 6th Street.[99] As of July 2011, the school is undergoing an expansion. Groundbreaking on the expansion was held on March 26, 2010.[101]

In 2011 he nonprofit Children at Risk ranked the school among the ten best Houston area elementary schools. During that year, its per-pupil spending was $3,587, one of the lowest in the area.[102]

Harmony Schools[edit]

Two Harmony Public Schools charter schools are in Alief (when Gessner is considered the boundary line for Alief). They are: Harmony School of Innovation, which offers grades K-8,[103] and Harmony Science Academy High, which offers grades 9-12.[103]

KIPP: Knowledge Power Program Schools[edit]

KIPP: the Knowledge Is Power Program operates charter schools which serve Alief. They include: KIPP SHINE Preparatory, which instructs prekindergarten through grade 4,[104] KIPP Academy Middle School, which instructs grades 5-8,[105] and KIPP Houston High School, which instructs grades 9-12.[106]

Private Schools[edit]

Christ the Lord Lutheran School[edit]

Christ the Lord Lutheran School is located at 4410 S. Kirkwood Rd.[107] The school instructs preschool through the eighth grade[107] as part of the 4th largest private/parochial school system in the United States, Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (WELS).[107] The school has been in operation since 1972.[107]

Strake Jesuit College Preparatory[edit]

Strake Jesuit College Preparatory is located in proximity to Alief.[108]

Colleges, universities, and higher education[edit]

HCC Alief Campus in Westchase

Houston Community College[edit]

The Houston Community College System (HCCS) has served the Alief area since 1982.[109] The HCC Alief Campus, a part of the Southwest College,[110] is located at 2811 Hayes Road in the Westchase area of Houston.[109][111] The HCC Alief Continuing Education Center is located at 13803 Bissonnet Road in an unincorporated area in Harris County.[109] In 1982, HCCS expanded classes to Alief Elsik High School. In 2001, HCCS opened the Alief Center on Bissonnet. In 2007, the new Alief Campus in Westchase opened. In 2008, the former Alief Center became the Continuing Education Center.[109]

Public libraries[edit]

David M. Henington-Alief Regional Library

Alief is served by both the Houston Public Library and the Harris County Public Library.

Houston Public Library[edit]

The David M. Henington-Alief Regional Branch of Houston Public Library is in Alief.[112] The branch is located at 7979 South Kirkwood Street[113] and was originally named the Alief Branch Library when it opened in 1985.[36][37] The library was later named for David M. Henington, who served as the Director of the Houston Public Library for 26 years.[114]

The Houston Public Library system had a holding of 3,951,035 in the 2008 fiscal year[115] and an average daily circulation of 18,205.[115] The library system offers wireless internet service as part of the City of Houston WeCan initiative.[116] The library also offers e-books (including Kindle compatible e-books) through partners netLibrary and OverDrive,[117] as well as electronic journal collections.[116] In addition, the library participates in the Interlibrary Loan (ILL) program.[116] City of Houston residents can apply for a free library card (called a Power Card) in person at any location with a valid photo ID.[118]

Harris County Public Library[edit]

Residents of Alief may obtain library cards for the Harris County Public Library system at no charge by filling out an application and showing proof of their address.[119] The library system has an annual circulation of over 10 million items.[120] The collection, which had 2,312,482 items in the 2009 fiscal year,[120] contains books, videos, CDs, DVDs, eBooks, electronic resources, and online databases.[120] The library system also participates in the Interlibrary Loan (ILL) and TexShare programs.[121] The Harris County Public Library system has 1,000 computers available to the public.[120] It also has laptops that can be checked-out.[120] The libraries have wireless internet service.[120] Kurzweil technology, which is used to aid the visually impaired use electronic resources, is also available in the libraries.[120] The Harris County Public Library System has 26 branches,[120][122] although none are in the Alief area.[122]

Emergency services[edit]

Houston Police Department Westside Division and Municipal Courts

Fire service[edit]

Alief residents in Houston receive fire services from the Houston Fire Department. The Houston Fire Department has operated Station 76 Alief Community, located at 7200 Cook Road, since 1985.[123] A part of Fire District 83 is also in Alief.[124][125]

For residents of unincorporated Harris County, emergency medical service (EMS) and fire service are provided by Community Volunteer Fire Department (CVFD). CVFD is a combination career and volunteer fire suppression and EMS provider which operates two stations in the Alief area. The stations are located at 13802 Canyon Hill Drive and 16003 Bellaire Boulevard. CVFD also has a third station on FM 1093 at Mason Rd. in Katy and has a 4th station in the works. CVFD's training center is located at 15103 Alief-Clodine, where a bi-yearly cadet program takes place. A new training center is proposed next door to the current Station 1.[126]

Police services[edit]

Westside Police Substation and Municipal Courts

Alief is served by the Houston Police Department, which has Alief in the Westside Patrol Division, headquartered at 3203 South Dairy Ashford Road,[127][128] in the Alief area.[129] In 2000 the police department's Westwood Storefront in the Westwood Mall was scheduled to open before the month of May in the year 2000; it is the first police storefront to open in Alief. Construction delays foiled plans to open the storefront at the end of 1999 and in March 2000.[130]

Harris County Sheriff's Office serves unincorporated sections of Harris County. The Alief area outside of Houston is within the District IV Patrol Bureau, headquartered at the Clay Road Substation at 16715 Clay Road.[131][132] The Mission Bend Storefront is located at 7043 Highway 6 South.[132]

Alief ISD Police Department Serves the Alief Independent School District as it's Law Enforcement agency. Alief ISD Police keep staff, students, facilities and the Public safe. Alief ISD Police respond to other agencies in need of assistance in the surrounding Harris County and Houston area.

Medical services[edit]

Hospital[edit]

West Houston Medical Center is located on West Houston Center Blvd. The current location was constructed in 1985.[38][39] West Houston Medical Center is an HCA member hospital.[133] The facility has 410 physicians, 742 total employees,[133] and 195 beds.[134] The center houses an emergency room[133] which had annual visits of 47,156 in the year which was most currently reported as of July 2011.[134] The center also has a cardiovascular services area, a women's center, a cancer center, a gamma knife, and many other services.[133] US News & World Report Health ranked West Houston Medical Center the #18 hospital in Houston as of July 2011.[134]

Government-funded healthcare[edit]

El Franco Lee Health Center

The El Franco Lee Health Center in Alief, operated by the Harris County Hospital District, opened on May 19, 2009.[135] Prior to the opening, the closest facility was the People's Health Center. The district said in a 2006 Houston Chronicle article that it planned to build a health care facility in Alief.[136] The center has 66,000 square feet (6,100 m2) of space.[137]

Transportation[edit]

Mass transit[edit]

The Metropolitan Transit Authority (METRO) provides local bus services to the area.

METRO Park & Ride locations in Alief include:[138]

  • Gessner Park & Ride located at Westpark at Gessner, Houston, TX 77036 (Considered to be located in Alief when Gessner is considered the boundary line for Alief)
  • Mission Bend Park & Ride located at 13855 Alief Clodine Rd. (at METRO Blvd.), Houston, TX 77083
  • Westchase Park & Ride located at 11050 Harwin Dr., Houston, TX 77072
  • Westwood Park & Ride located at 9990 Southwest Fwy. (south of Bissonnet), Houston, TX 77036 (Considered to be located in Alief when Gessner is considered the boundary line for Alief)

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Andrau Airpark operated in Alief from 1946-1998 when it was closed to make room for the Royal Oaks Country Club and subdivision.[18]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Alief Community is home to public parks maintained by Harris County, public parks maintained by the City of Houston, and private parks and venues.

Harris County parks[edit]

Harris County operates parks throughout Alief which is in Precinct 3. Harris County parks are maintained by the Precinct's Parks Division.[139]

Basketball Courts at Alief-Amity Park

Alief-Amity Park[edit]

Harris County operates the 11-acre (45,000 m2) Alief-Amity Park at 12509 Alief Clodine Road with a .17 mile trail.[140] In 1975, the county acquired what is now the park site from the Cloud family. The park was dedicated in the early 1980s.[141]

Archbishop Joseph A. Fiorenza Park[edit]

Harris County operates the 1.25-acre (5,100 m2) Archbishop Joseph A. Fiorenza Park at 4025 Eldridge Parkway. This park includes a .6 mile trail.[142] Located on part of a Harris County Flood Control District site acquired in 1988, the park opened and was dedicated on June 11, 1999. It was named after Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston bishop Joseph Fiorenza.[143]

The duck pond at Arthur Storey Park

Arthur Storey Park[edit]

In addition, the county operates the 175-acre (0.71 km2) Arthur Storey Park at 7400 West Sam Houston Parkway South (Beltway 8).[144] In August 1995, the Harris County Flood Control District began acquiring land along the Brays Bayou, and in October of that year it agreed to allow the establishment of a park, called Brays Bayou Park, along that property. The commissioner's court voted to rename the park in January 1997[145] after Arthur L. Storey Jr., who worked for the Harris County Flood Control District.[146] Storey is credited with "modernizing and streamlining the county's flood control district operations while simultaneously considering [the district's operations'] environmental implications."[146] The park opened and was dedicated on September 26, 1997.[145]

Mike Driscoll Park[edit]

Mike Driscoll Park is a 46-acre (0.19 km2) park located at 13534 West Houston Center Blvd. (the street formerly known as Old Westheimer Rd.) along the Westpark Tollway and Alief-Clodine Rd.[147] The park hosts a playground and a 1.13 mile asphalt walking trail.[147]

City of Houston parks[edit]

The City of Houston operates parks in the annexed portion of Alief. City of Houston parks are maintained by the City of Houston Parks and Recreation Department.[148]

Alief Community Park

Alief Community Park[edit]

Alief Community Park is located at 11903 Bellaire Blvd. on the southwest corner of Bellaire Blvd. and Kirkwood Rd.[149] The park was acquired by the City of Houston in 1993.[150] The City of Houston purchased the park, which is the former Quillian Memorial Center, from the First United Methodist Church of Houston for $3.5 million.[150] The city originally named the park Southwest Park, but changed the name to Alief Community Park in 1997.[150] It is home to Alief Community Center and Alief Pool.[149][150] The park also boasts basketball courts, tennis courts, baseball fields, playgrounds, paved trails, and multi-purpose fields.[149] In addition, groundbreaking took place on June 25, 2011 for a new hike and bike trail funded by a Texas Department of Transportation grant.[150] The park is a 37.3-acre (0.151 km2) property.[150] In May 2011, the city announced that it was closing Alief Pool due to budget cuts,[151] however corporate donors, Marathon Oil and ConocoPhillips, agreed to sponsor the pool.[152]

Boone Road Park[edit]

Boone Park is located at 7700 Boone Rd.[149] It was created by the City of Houston in 1984,[153][154] and has since been improved by the city, oil companies, and volunteers.[153] The parks amenities include a 1.06-mile walking trail system,[155] cricket field, playground, picnic pavilion, and multi-purpose fields,[149] as well as a nature preserve recognized by the Texas Forestry Department.[156]

Hackberry Park[edit]

Hackberry Park is located at 7777 S. Dairy Ashford.[157] The park features a nearly mile-long outer-loop trail.[158] In addition, the park has a community center, a sprayground, and a playground.[157] The park is the former home of Hackberry Golf Course and rests on a 22.5-acre (0.091 km2) piece of land.[158] The park was acquired in 2007[159] and was dedicated two years later on March 21, 2009.[158] The cost to acquire the property was $5 million.[158]

Harwin Park[edit]

Harwin Park is located at 11305 Harwin and contains multi-purpose fields, a trail system, and a playground.[157] The park is a 8.3-acre (0.034 km2) area property[154] and was established in 1989.[154]

Private parks and venues[edit]

Fun Plex[edit]

Fun Plex is an indoor entertainment facility located at 13700 Beechnut St.[160] in Alief. The venue features, roller skating, bowling, a ferris wheel, a two-story playport, bumper cars, go-karts, and an arcade.[161] The company's website claims that the facility is the largest indoor entertainment facility in Texas, measuring 5 acres.[161] Visitors may pay for each attraction individually or purchase a package entry to multiple attractions.[161]

Royal Oaks Country Club

Main article: Royal Oaks Country Club[edit]

Royal Oaks Country Club is located at 2910 Royal Oaks Club Dr.[162] It and the surrounding Royal Oaks Community was built on the old Andrau Airpark. The country club has a clubhouse, golf course, fitness center, tennis center, aquatic center with pools and a water park, the Palm Grille restaurant, and a child care area.[162] The country club was developed by the Sunrise Colony Company.[162]

Community events and festivals[edit]

Lunar New Year Festival[edit]

The Lunar New Year Festival is an annual event[163] which was first held in 1996.[163] The event has featured dancing, cooking, and a beauty contest.[163] The festival claims to be the "largest international celebration in the southwest."[163]

International Parade[edit]

The International Parade was first held in 2008.[164] The parade is held annually near the end of September.[164] The parade strives to include many different ethnic groups and promote the diversity of the community.[164] The route travels down Bellaire Blvd.[164]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

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