Aligarh Muslim University

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Aligarh Muslim University
AMU LOGO.jpg
The seal of the Aligarh Muslim University
Motto Arabic: عَلَّمَ الاِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَم
'allama'l-insāna mā lam ya'lam
Motto in English Taught man what he did not know (Qur'an 96:5)
Established 1875 (as MAO College)
1920 (as AMU)
Type Public
Endowment $18.2 million[1]
Vice-Chancellor Lt. General Zameerud-din Shah
Academic staff 2,000
Students 30,000
Location Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh, India
Campus Urban 467.6 hectares (1,155 acres)
Acronym AMU
Colors               
Nickname AMU
Affiliations UGC, NAAC, AIU
Website www.amu.ac.in
Victoria Gate, a prominent building at the university
Maulana Azad Library (viewed from Kennedy Lawns)
Kennedy House, museum (left); auditorium (right)
Bab-e-syed, the gateway to AMU
University canteen
SS Masjid beside Strachey Hall, AMU Aligarh

Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) (Urdu: علی گڑھ مسلم یونیورسٹی‎) is a public university, funded by the central government of India is among the oldest central universities in India. It was established by Syed Ahmad Khan as Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College. It was designed to train Muslims for government service in India and prepare them for advanced training in British universities. The Mohammedan Anglo-Oriental College became Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.[2] The main campus of AMU is located in the city of Aligarh. The University has consistently ranked among the best educational institutions in India. According to Times Higher Education, Asia Ranking 2014, AMU ranks 3rd among Universities in India.[3] The university is open to all irrespective of caste, creed, religion or gender.

History[edit]

It was established as Madrasatul Uloom Musalmanan-e-Hind in 1875–78,[4] The Anglo–Indian statesman Syed Ahmad Khan founded the predecessor of AMU, Muhammadan Anglo Oriental College, in 1877 having already established two schools.[5] He considered competence in English and "Western sciences" necessary skills for maintaining Muslims' political influence, especially in Northern India. Khan's image for the college was based on his visit to Oxford and Cambridge and he wanted to establish an education system similar to the British model.[5] Aga Khan III also played a major role in realizing the idea of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan by collecting funds for building the Aligarh Muslim University[6] In the beginning the college was affiliated with the University of Calcutta but became an affiliate of Allahabad University in 1885. Around 1900 efforts began to make the college its own university. Its range of courses was expanded and a girls school was added in 1907 before it became the Aligarh Muslim University in 1920.[5]

The first chancellor of the university was Sultan Shah Jahan Begum. In 1927, a school for the blind was established and, the following year, a medical school was attached to the university. By the end of the 1930s, the university had developed an Engineering faculty. Syed Zafarul Hasan, joined the Aligarh Muslim University in early 1900s as head of Philosophy Department, dean Faculty of Arts. He was a pro-vice chancellor before his retirement.

Before 1939, faculty and students supported an all-India nationalist movement. After 1939, political sentiment shifted toward support for a Muslim separatist movement. University Students and faculty mobilised behind Muhammad Ali Jinnah and the University hence became an epicenter of Pakistan Movement.[7][8]

Campus[edit]

The college occupies over 467.6 hectares (1,155 acres) in Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh,

The faculty of social science established a Social Science Cyber Library which was inaugurated by the President of India on 27 December 2013.[9]

AMU centres[edit]

The AMU has established centres at Malappuram, (Kerala) and Murshidabad, (West Bengal) while the Kishanganj, (Bihar) centre has been allotted land, and a site has been identified for Aurangabad, (Maharashtra) centre.[10]

There are two fully functioning off-campus centers located in the cities of Malappuram and Murshidabad.[11] Since November 2013, a new campus started functioning at Kishanganj.[12] The AMU sub campus at Kishanganj is housed in two separate buildings temporarily.[13][14]

The AMU Malappuram Campus began functioning in February 2011 with the commencement of MBA and BA LLB classes from rented premises.[15]

Ranking[edit]

In 2012, the university was ranked 5th by India Today.[16] In 2013, the University ranked 9th in the top 10 higher education institutions in India by Times Higher Education World University Rankings.[17]

Vice-chancellors[edit]

Muhammad Ali Jinnah's will, excerpt

The vice-chancellors of Aligarh Muslim University are:[18]

  1. Mohammad Ali Mohammad Khan[19][20] 20 December 1920 – 28 February 1923
  2. Mohammad Muzammillah Khan Serwani[21][22] (Acting) 1 March 1923 – 31 December 1923 and 1 January 1927 – 8 February 1929
  3. Sahebzada Aftab Ahmad Khan 16 February 1924 – 15 November 1926
  4. Shah Mohammad Sulaiman Ahmad(Acting) 9 February 1929 – 19 October 1929 and 30 April 1938 – 31 March 1941
  5. Ross Masood 25 January 1930 – November 1933
  6. Mohammad Ismail Khan 1 October 1934 – 12 April 1935 and 17 October 1947 – 29 November 1948
  7. Ziauddin Ahmed[23] 13 April 1935 – 29 April 1938; 24 April 1941 – 23 April 1947
  8. Zahid Hussain 24 April 1947 – 7 August 1947
  9. Zakir Hussain 20 November 1948 – 15 September 1956
  10. Bashir Hussain Zaidi 7 October 1956 – 6 November 1962
  11. Badaruddin Taiyabji 8 November 1962 – 28 February 1965
  12. Ali Yawar Jung March 1965 – January 1968
  13. Abdul Aleem 6 January 1968 – 3 January 1974
  14. A. M. Khusro 20 December 1974 – 12 December 1978
  15. Syed Hamid[24] June 1980 – 26 March 1985
  16. Syed Hashim Ali 8 April 1985 – 4 October 1989
  17. Mohammad Naseem Faroqui 15 October 1990 – 15 December 1994
  18. Mahmoodur Rahman 1 May 1995 – 1 May 2000
  19. Mohammad Hamid Ansari 28 May 2000 – 31 March 2002
  20. Naseem Ahmad 8 May 2002 – 17 April 2007[25]
  21. P. K. Abdul Aziz 18 May 2007 – 17 January 2012[26][27]
  22. Zameerud-din Shah[28] 12 May 2012[29]

Notable alumni[edit]

Alumni of the university are popularly known as Aligarians (the more generic Aligarhiya is used to refer to inhabitants of Aligarh who have not studied at AMU.)[30]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aligarh Muslim University, BHU welcome budgetary allocations". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  2. ^ "Aligarh Muslim University". Amu.ac.in. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  3. ^ http://www.amu.ac.in/AcademicProgress.jsp.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Aligarh" in Chambers's Encyclopædia. London: George Newnes, 1961, Vol. 1, p. 267.
  5. ^ a b c "AMU History". Aligarh Muslim University. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  6. ^ Express Tribune. "To sir with love: Aga Khan III – a tireless advocate for female education". 
  7. ^ Mushirul Hasan, "Nationalist and Separatist Trends in Aligarh, 1915–47," Indian Economic and Social History Review, (January 1985) 22#1 pp 1–33
  8. ^ Zakir Ali Khan, an alumni of AMU, in an Interview with The Dawn, Pakistani newspaper[dead link]
  9. ^ "President of India inaugurates XXXVII Indian Social Science Congress". Batori.in. 27 December 2013. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  10. ^ http://mp.amu.ac.in/Information%20Bulletin_malapuram.pdf
  11. ^ "Centers of AMU". 
  12. ^ "Sonia Gandhi to lay the Foundation Stone of AMU Kishanganj Campus". IANS. Biharprabha News. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  13. ^ ' + val.created_at + '. "Sonia Gandhi addresses rally on Nitish's turf: highlights". NDTV.com. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  14. ^ PATNA, 30 Jan 2014, DHNS:. "UPA chairperson refutes Nitish's allegations of bias against Bihar". Deccanherald.com. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  15. ^ "Classes begin at AMU centre". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 1 March 2011. 
  16. ^ "Back Where It Belongs: AMU at 5th spot on India Today Universities Rankings 2012". Indiatoday.intoday.in. 18 May 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  17. ^ "India's top 10 higher education institutions". The World University Rankings. 4 March 2013. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  18. ^ "AUM VC's List – DeedahwarNewsViews". Sites.google.com. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  19. ^ Aligarh Movement. "H.H. Sir Mohammad Ali Mohammad, Khan Bahadur, Raja Mahmudabad". Aligarh Movement. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to Basaha Estate". Basahaestate.in. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  21. ^ abdullah (10 January 2012). "Former AMU Pro-Chancellor Passed Away | My AMU | Aligarh Muslim University – My Way". Myamu.in. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  22. ^ http://mail.sarai.net/pipermail/reader-list/2011-January.txt
  23. ^ ":: Ziauddin University ::". Zu.edu.pk. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  24. ^ "Aligarians: December 2007". Thealigs.blogspot.com. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  25. ^ http://ncm.nic.in/naseem%20ahmad.html
  26. ^ "Abdul Azis VC of Aligarh Muslim varsity". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 19 May 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  27. ^ "Aligarh V-C's tenure ends". The Hindu (Aligarh). 18 January 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2013. 
  28. ^ "Zameeruddin Shah is new Aligarh Muslim University vice-chancellor". Times of India. 12 May 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  29. ^ "Naseeruddin Shah's brother appointed Aligarh Muslim University Vice-Chancellor". NDTV.com. 11 May 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  30. ^ "Test for admission to courses in AMU centre". The Hindu (Chennai, India). 29 March 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Mushirul Hasan: "Nationalist and Separatist Trends in Aligarh, 1915–47" in Indian Economic and Social History Review (Jan 1985), Vol. 22 Issue 1, pp 1–33
  • Gail Minault and David Lelyveld: "The Campaign for a Muslim University 1898–1920" in Modern Asian Studies (March 1974) 8#2 pp 145–189

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°54′39″N 78°04′47″E / 27.9108°N 78.0797°E / 27.9108; 78.0797