Alimos

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Alimos
Άλιμος
Location
Alimos is located in Greece
Alimos
Alimos
Coordinates 37°55′N 23°43′E / 37.917°N 23.717°E / 37.917; 23.717Coordinates: 37°55′N 23°43′E / 37.917°N 23.717°E / 37.917; 23.717
Government
Country: Greece
Administrative region: Attica
Regional unit: South Athens
Districts: Upper Kalamaki, Lower Kalamaki, Ampelakia, Pani Hill, Kefallinion
Mayor: Thanos Orfanos  (PASOK)
(since: January 1, 2007)
Population statistics (as of 2011)[1]
Municipality
 - Population: 41,720
 - Area: 5.909 km2 (2 sq mi)
 - Density: 7,060 /km2 (18,286 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0–10 m ­(0–33 ft)
Postal code: 174 xx
Telephone: 210
Auto: Z
Website
www.alimos.gr

Alimos (Greek: Άλιμος) is a municipality in the southern part of the Athens agglomeration, Greece. The only settlement in this municipality is the suburban seaside town Kalamaki (Greek: Καλαμάκι). Alimos had 41,720 inhabitants at the 2011 census.

Geography[edit]

Alimos is situated on the Saronic Gulf coast, 8 km south of Athens city centre. The Hellinikon Olympic Complex, built on the grounds of the former Ellinikon International Airport for the 2004 Summer Olympics, lies south of Alimos. The built-up area of Alimos is continuous with those of the neighbouring suburbs Palaio Faliro, Agios Dimitrios, Ilioupoli, Argyroupoli and Elliniko. Alimos has a large marina and several beaches.

The main roads of Alimos are Poseidonos Avenue along the coast, Kalamakiou Avenue and Alimou Avenue. The nearest subway station is at Alimos metro station, in the eastern part of the municipality. The western, coastal part of the municipality is connected with Athens city centre by the Athens Tram.

Education[edit]

Alimos has public and private schools of grades, apart from higher education, in several places throughout the city. The city has 12 public kindergartens, 8 public elementary schools, 6 public Junior High Schools (including a Music School [2]) and 5 High Schools (including one Technical High School). Furthermore, there are several private schools, where tuition fees are needed.

Commercial activity[edit]

The commercial activity in Kalamaki or Alimos is concentrated in the major avenues that cross the city regional (Amfitheas-Poseidonos-Alimou) and the streets that are inside the city links (Thukididou-Kalamakiou-Theomitoros-Ionias-Dodekanisou).

History[edit]

The first settlements uncovered by archeologists in Alimos date back to the Neolithic period, and the excavation site can be found in the region of Ano (upper) Kalamaki, immediately by the Vouliagmenis Avenue.

In classical antiquity, Halimous (Ancient Greek: Ἁλιμοῦς; also Alimous,[3] Ἀλιμοῦς[4]) was a fishing town on the outskirts of the city-state of Athens and constituted one of the demes of Attica. Testament to its development during this period are the ruins of a small amphitheater, quite unusual in the ancient world in its rectangular design. The site can be found on Archaiou Theatrou Street in Ano Kalamaki (just a few blocks away from the Neolithic site). It is noteworthy that, while the town is more closely associated with its ties to the sea, as "alimos" in ancient Greek means "belonging to the sea", the main archeological sites are situated at the farthest point of the municipality from the shoreline.

The most significant historical affiliation of Alimos is that with Thucydides. Thucydides was born in Halimous, and is often referred to as "Thucydides the Halimousian" (Greek: Θουκυδίδης ο Αλιμούσιος). The bust of Thucydides is the emblem of Alimos, which is commonly used between schools in the area. Furthermore, the First High School of Alimos is called Thoukydidio (Greek: Θουκυδίδειο), after him.

Kalamaki was part of the community of Brachami until 1927, when it became a separate community.[5] The community Kalamaki was abolished in 1968, when the municipality Alimos was founded.[6]

Historical population[edit]

Year Population
1981 27,036
1991 32,024
2001 38,047
2011 41,720

International relations[edit]

Alimos is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detailed census results 2011" (xls 2,7 MB). National Statistical Service of Greece.  (Greek)
  2. ^ Music School of Alimos
  3. ^ Edward Dodwell, A Classical and Topographical Tour Through Greece During the Years 1801, 1805 and 1806 Vol. 1, Rodwell and Martin, 1819, p. 557.
  4. ^ Etymologicum Magnum, Leipzig: Johann August Gottlieb Weigel, p. 58.
  5. ^ EETAA local government changes
  6. ^ EETAA local government changes

External links[edit]