Aline Murray Kilmer
Aline attended the Rutgers College Preparatory School with her husband, Alfred Joyce Kilmer and married him soon after his graduation from Columbia University in 1908. In their short marriage, lasting 10 years, her husband had achieved fame as a poet, literary critic and among Catholic circles as America's more prominent Catholic writer. After his death in World War I, Aline began publishing her own poetry and a few children's books. Today, her work is largely forgotten.
She was born as Aline Murray on 1 August 1888 in Norfolk, Virginia. She was the daughter of Ada Foster Murray, a poet; and Kenton C. Murray, (d. 1895) editor of the Norfolk Landmark newspaper. Ada Foster Murray, remarried on February 22, 1900, in Metuchen, New Jersey to Henry Mills Alden. Henry was the managing editor of Harper's Magazine, and he became Aline's stepfather.
Aline was educated at the Rutgers College Grammar School (now Rutgers Preparatory School) in New Brunswick, New Jersey and the Vail-Deane School in Elizabeth, New Jersey the latter institution from which she was graduated in 1908.
Shortly after graduation, Aline married Alfred Joyce Kilmer on June 9, 1908, after he was graduated from Columbia University in New York City. The pair had five children: Kenton Sinclair Kilmer (1909-1995), Michael Barry Kilmer (1916-1927), Deborah Clanton Kilmer (1914-1999), Rose Kilburn Kilmer (1912-1917), and Christopher Kilmer (1917-1984).
Their daughter Rose was stricken with an infantile paralysis shortly after her birth, a crisis which led Joyce and Aline to convert to Roman Catholicism. Shortly before Joyce's deployment to France in World War I, Rose died. During his deployment, her husband was killed in action during the Second Battle of the Marne near Muercy Farm, beside the Ourcq River near the village of Seringes-et-Nesles, in France, on 30 July 1918 at the age of 31. Several years later, her second son, Michael, who most closely resembled her in appearance and manner, also died.
After Joyce's death in Battle, Kilmer turned to publishing her poetry and to authoring children's book. Aline's poetry is described as "subtle, delicate, and somewhat subdued—certainly far from gayety" and with a tone of "ironic disillusionment" compared to her husband's as "direct, vigorous, gay."
In her final three years, Aline suffered from an excruciating illness. Aline Kilmer died at her home, "Whitehall", in Stillwater Township, New Jersey, on October 1, 1941 and was interred at Saint Joseph's Catholic Cemetery in Newton, New Jersey. Five lines from her poem, "Sanctuary", are inscribed on her gravestone:
|Library resources about
Aline Murray Kilmer
|By Aline Murray Kilmer|
- 1919: Candles That Burn (poetry)
- 1921: Vigils (poetry)
- 1923: Hunting a Hair Shirt and Other Spiritual Adventures (essays) ISBN 0-8369-2697-8
- 1925: The Poor Kings Daughter and Other Verse (poetry)
- 1927: Emmy, Nicky and Greg (children's book)
- 1929: A Buttonwood Summer (children's book)
- 1929: Selected Poems (poetry)
- Metuchen Recorder, 24 February 1900, accessed 19 August 2006.
- Biographical Notes from Rittenhouse, Jessie B. The Second Book of Modern Verse (1922) at , accessed August 19, 2006.
- Kilmer, Miriam A.Kilmer Genealogy - Descendancy Chart. Retrieved 7 July 2013.
- "A Tribute to Aline Kilmer" by Francis X. Talbot in America October 18, 1941, 44-46.
- Staff. "Joyce Kilmer Slain on the West Front; Former Member of Times Staff Had Won Sergeantcy In The 165th of Infantry. His Writings Well Known Author Was Rutgers And Columbia Graduate—Several Veterans Of The 69th Killed. His Lusitania Poem. Fought At The Marne. Veteran Of 69th Killed. Lieut. Harwood 'Doing Fine.' Parents Receive Letter Written After Date Of Reported Death." in The New York Times (18 August 1918).
- Gravestone inscription for Aline Murray Kilmer in Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Cemetery, Newton (Sussex County), New Jersey. Visited 24 June 2013.
- Kilmer, Aline. "Sanctuary", in Hearst International, Volume 41. (New York: International Publications, 1922), 22:28.
- Tribute page at Rising Dove (a site by his granddaughter)
- Sara Teasdale's Letters to Joyce and Aline Kilmer located in Special Collections of the University of Delaware Library.
- Selected Poetry of Aline Murray Kilmer at the University of Toronto