Aliran kepercayaan

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Aliran Kepercayaan[note 1] is an official cover term for various forms of mysticism in Indonesia.[2] It includes kebatinan, kejiwan and kerohanian.[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Kebatinan can be described as an amalgam of animist, Hindu-Buddhist, and Islamic (especially Sufi) mystical elements that combine to form Javanese mysticism. According to Caldarola, kepercayaan "is not an apt characterization of what the mystical groups have in common".[2] The US State Department's states:

Sizeable populations in Java, Kalimantan, and Papua practice animism and other types of traditional belief systems termed "Aliran Kepercayaan." Many of those who practice Kepercayaan describe it as more of a meditation-based spiritual path than a religion. Some animists combine their beliefs with one of the government-recognized religions.[3]

Recognition[edit]

As a body of belief, kebatinan is officially recognized in the 1945 Indonesian constitution; however, to avoid recognizning it as a formal religion, it is administered by the Department of Education and Culture rather than by the Department of Religious Affairs. The Indonesian Government recognizes the right of existence of Aliran Kepercayann as long as they do not upset the public order or offend the sensitivities of the followers of the major religions.

Aliran Kepercayann has recently[when?] been rejected by the United Development Party [PPP] heterodoxy.[citation needed]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Full: Kepercayaan kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa,[1] "Believer of One Supreme God",[citation needed] aka Pangistu.[1]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Caldarola, Carlo (1982), Religion and Societies: Asia and the Middle East, Walter de Gruyter 

External links[edit]