Alishan, Chiayi

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Coordinates: 23°21′N 120°48′E / 23.350°N 120.800°E / 23.350; 120.800

Alishan Township in Chiayi County
Lalauya(Leye)

Alishan Township (Chinese: 阿里山鄉; pinyin: Ālǐshān Xiāng) is a rural township in Chiayi County, Taiwan.

History[edit]

Alishan Township was formerly named Wufong Township and was renamed Alishan in March 1989.[1]

Geography[edit]

It has a population total of 5,732 and an area of 427.8471 square kilometres. It is located at an elevation of 2,190 metres (7,190 ft) in the western highlands of Taiwan.

Climate[edit]

Alishan has a subtropical highland climate (Köppen: Cwb) with extremely wet and mild conditions during the monsoon season when the town receives 3.2 metres (130 in) of rain in five months, and cool and drier conditions during the winter months. Temperatures remain relatively constant throughout the year, with only noticeably cooler temperatures during the winter months of December to February of the following year. When typhoons hit Taiwan during the wet season, rainfall in highland locations like Alishan can exceed 1 metre (39 in) per day, which is the heaviest rainfall in the Northern Hemisphere and exceeded only in a few oceanic islands of the Southern Hemisphere such as Réunion.

Climate data for Alishan (1981—2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 11
(52)
11.7
(53.1)
13.8
(56.8)
15.7
(60.3)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.1
(66.4)
18.7
(65.7)
18.3
(64.9)
17.5
(63.5)
15.5
(59.9)
12.4
(54.3)
15.7
(60.3)
Average low °C (°F) 2.5
(36.5)
3.7
(38.7)
5.8
(42.4)
8.2
(46.8)
9.7
(49.5)
11.3
(52.3)
11.2
(52.2)
11.4
(52.5)
10.6
(51.1)
8.8
(47.8)
6.6
(43.9)
3.5
(38.3)
7.8
(46)
Rainfall mm (inches) 71.7
(2.823)
137.3
(5.406)
166.5
(6.555)
254.2
(10.008)
493.6
(19.433)
649.6
(25.575)
668.3
(26.311)
809.3
(31.862)
432.9
(17.043)
146.7
(5.776)
46.3
(1.823)
55.9
(2.201)
3,932.3
(154.816)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 7.6 8.5 10.6 13.3 18.4 20 20.3 22 17.9 9.7 5.7 6.2 160.2
 % humidity 71.4 73.1 73.7 75.2 76.7 77.7 75.8 76 76.5 72.5 70.8 69.3 74.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 158.8 126.9 141.5 121.8 109.2 105.1 127 107.7 104.2 142.3 155.5 165.5 1,565.5
Source: Central Weather Bureau[2]

Tourist attractions[edit]

Alishan is the main base for trekkers in the highlands of Taiwan and for mountain climbers aiming to scale Yu Shan, Taiwan’s highest peak and the highest and sole formerly glaciated[3] point on the Tropic of Cancer. Chu Shan, though lower, is more accessible and climbed by most visitors to the region, which is extremely popular with Taiwanese tourists. The highland region in which Alishan is situated also contains a number of notable rock formations from the continuing uplift of the island.

Transportation[edit]

Alishan township is accessible from Duolin Station, Shizilu Station, Pingzhena Station, Erwanping Station, Shenmu Station and Alishan Station of the Alishan Forest Railway.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.cyhg.gov.tw/wSite/ct?xItem=1050&ctNode=14750&mp=12
  2. ^ http://www.cwb.gov.tw/eng/index.htm
  3. ^ Late Pleistocene to early Holocene glacial landforms of Yushan