European cover art
|Publisher(s)||NA, PAL Sega
JP Game Arts
|Artist(s)||Hajime Sato (Monster design)
Takehiko Itō (Alisia design)
|Release date(s)||NA, PAL March 30, 1992
JP April 24, 1992
Alisia Dragoon (アリシア ドラグーン) is a 1992 platform game for the Sega Mega Drive/Genesis. It was developed by Game Arts, who also published the game in Japan. Aiding the software developer was animation studio Gainax, who was responsible for the game's art and story. The player controls Alisia, a young woman who is on a quest to avenge her father and save the world. She can fire lightning from her hands and summon four faithful beasts to aid her.
The game was released in North America and Europe by Sega, who packaged the heroine as a rugged gladiator instead of the dainty-looking sorceress she originally was. Due to the lack of substantial market penetration by the Mega Drive of Japan and the lack of publicity for the game overseas, Alisia Dragoon did not make a big impact on the video game market, despite the critical acclaim it received. The game was one of the first in the industry to present a female character in a leading role.
In Alisia Dragoon, the player controls the female protagonist, Alisia, in her quest to save the world by defeating the evil forces that killed her father. The game consists of eight levels of side-scrolling environments; Alisia has to jump across gaps and kill the undead enemies that stand in her way. Each stage is completed by defeating the boss, a stronger-than-normal enemy, at the end.
Alisia attacks by shooting streaks of lightning from her hands. The attack automatically targets enemies in range, but gets weaker with each volley as Alisia's power is depleted. Her power recharges when she stops attacking; when fully charged, it allows her to unleash a smart-bomb-like attack, hitting every enemy on the screen. The energy system introduces an element of strategy into the gameplay, encouraging the player to manage Alisia's power to have her able to defend herself at critical moments.
Helping Alisia in her quest are her pet monsters. These creatures fly around the heroine on their own, attacking her foes, and blocking enemy attacks from hitting her. There are four pets, each with its own type of attack. The Dragon Frye spits fireballs, and the Boomerang Lizard hurls boomerangs. The Thunder Raven emits a thunder blast that affects enemies across the screen, and the Ball O' Fire burns enemies on contact. Only one pet can fight alongside Alisia in her quest, but the player can select any of the four (or none) as the active companion at any time.
Over the course of the game, Alisia and her monsters can improve their abilities by collecting power-ups. These enhancement items are placed, mostly in hidden locations, throughout the first seven stages. The various power-ups can heal Alisia and her monsters, increase their maximum life bars, improve their attacks, or grant invulnerability for a certain time. Life bars are lost by taking damage from enemy attacks and traps. When Alisia's pets lose all their life bars, they are removed from play and cannot be brought back until a "Revive" power-up is collected. If Alisia loses all her life bars, she can restart the level by expending a continue. The game ends if all the continues have been used. Alisia Dragoon has no features for saving the player's progress. After the game is completed, a screen is shown, charting the overall performance of the player based on the number of kills, the power level of Alisia's attack, and the frequency the pet monsters are used.
Similar to most action games on the Sega Genesis (known as the Sega Mega Drive outside of North America), the plot in Alisia Dragoon is simple and short. The game goes straight into the action, tasking Alisia to kill everything in sight. After defeating the final boss, the player is treated to a cinematic cutscene of Alisia's triumphant return to her home. For the game released in Japan, much of the back-story was described in the manual. Alisia is the daughter of a sorcerer who has imprisoned the main villain, Baldour, in a cocoon and sent it into outer space. Her father is in turn tortured to death by Baldour's followers. When the villain crashes back to the planet and begins to awaken, Alisia sets out to defeat him and his followers. The American and European versions of the game promoted a different back-story. They advertised Alisia as a gladiator who champions the cause of the people with her four pet companions. Her task is to eradicate the evil monsters and the source of their production, a "silver star" that has crashed to Earth.
In 1992, Japanese animation studio Gainax was in a collaboration with Game Arts, the makers of the Lunar role-playing games, to produce an action video game. Gainax's video game product line tended to target a niche crowd who generally preferred dating simulations and anime-based adventure games. Alisia Dragoon is a departure from this tradition. The animation studio handled the artistic end of the production, writing the story and creating the artwork that would be used for the design of the game's environments and characters. Several of its founders had worked on Hayao Miyazaki's animated films, and the influences of Miyazaki's 1984 science fiction animated film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind were evident in certain levels of the game. Similarly, due to the predominance of mixing science fiction with fantasy themes in the Japanese animation circles at that time, Alisia Dragoon featured high-tech spaceships and robots alongside mythical zombies and dragons. The composition of the soundtrack was delegated to Mecano Associates, who had produced the music for other works from Game Arts, such as the action games Fire Hawk: Thexder 2 and Silpheed. Game Arts, however, did most of the work in producing Alisia Dragoon, adapting the artwork into environments and creatures that can be rendered by the console hardware, and writing them as lines of software code.
Due to a small customer base in Japan, Alisia Dragoon sold few copies on its release (April 24, 1992); the console it was made for, the Sega Mega Drive, was not a popular device in Japan, selling 3–3.5 million units (10% of all Mega Drives/Genesis sold around the world). The game was published earlier by Sega for North America and Europe, on March 30. However, it was a subdued release; Sega did not place major advertisements for the game in the media. To localize the contents for the Western market, the video game publisher made several cosmetic changes to Alisia Dragoon. Instead of a big-eyed heroine drawn in typical anime styling, Alisia was portrayed as a golden bikini-wearing female barbarian on the box covers outside of Japan. The Western version of Alisia was likened to the scantily clad females in artist Boris Vallejo's work.
Westerners were more enthusiastic toward the game than were the Japanese, although there were a few negative appraisals. GamePro magazine said that Alisia Dragoon's responsive controls, coupled with the hectic action and handsome graphics, made the game highly desirable for owners of the Genesis console. The Lessers of Dragon magazine were equally impressed with the gameplay, praising Alisia Dragoon for its "solid arcade action" that satisfied their "need for fast reflexes". Mean Machines's Julian Rignall praised the game for its pet monsters design, calling the management of the pets in the game an encouragement toward tactics. His fellow reviewer, Richard Leadbetter, said the game was visually attractive with "beautiful sprites" and "amazing backdrops". He found the gameplay challenging, being forced to conserve energy as the game "[threw] everything but the kitchen sink at [him]". Rignall agreed with Leadbetter on the game's difficulty, which along with the secret rooms and power-ups to be discovered made Alisia Dragoon an excellent action platform game that had long-lasting appeal. Of the hundreds of Genesis games, Mega magazine rated Alisia Dragoon among the top 100 games, calling it "[probably] the best dragon-based platform game around." Despite the positive sentiments, sales of the game outside Japan were weak.
Sixteen years after the game's release, Todd Ciolek of Anime News Network reviewed Alisia Dragoon and repeated much of the same sentiments as the Mean Machines reviewers. Noting Gainax's catalog of games, he said that Alisia Dragoon was very different from the rest; instead of targeting hardcore fans of anime and focusing on exploitive themes, the game's appeal was for everyone. In light of this, Ciolek called Alisia Dragoon "the best video game Gainax ever touched" and "a spectacular ride in its own right".
Alisia Dragoon has been recognized retrospectively as a relatively early video game to challenge a gender bias prevalent in the industry at the time. In the early 1990s, the video game market was skewed toward the young male demographic, and games more than often portrayed women as damsels in distress, submissive and requiring rescue by the male protagonists. Along with contemporary games like Street Fighter II, Streets of Rage, and Wurm: Journey to the Center of the Earth, Alisia Dragoon featured a female leading character who can defend herself without the help of males.
- IGN staff. "IGN: Alisia Dragoon". IGN. IGN Entertainment. Archived from the original on 29 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Game Arts staff. "Alisia Dragoon" (in Japanese). Game Arts. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Ciolek, Todd (2008-08-27). "The X Button—Finite Discoveries". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on 27 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Rignall, Julian; Leadbetter, Richard (March 1992). "Megadrive Review—Alisia Dragoon". Mean Machines (London, United Kingdom: EMAP) (18): pp. 68–70. ISSN 0960-4952. Archived from the original on 30 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
- Lesser, Hartley; Lesser, Patricia; Lesser, Kirk (February 1993). "The Role of Computers". Dragon (Wisconsin, United States: TSR) 12 (190): pp. 58–59. ISSN 0279-6848.
- Jinky the Monkey (May 1992). "Genesis Pro Review: Alisia Dragoon". GamePro (New Hampshire, United States: IDG Entertainment) (34): p. 38. ISSN 1042-8658.
- Sega staff (May–June 1992). "Sega Genesis Review—Alisia Dragoon". Sega Visions (California, United States: Sega of America) 1 (8): p. 18.
- MobyGames staff. "Game Browser: Music by Mecano Associates". MobyGames. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
- Mega rating, issue 9, page 23, Future Publishing, June 1993
- Szczepaniak, John (2006-07-20). "Retro Inspection: Mega Drive". Retro Gamer (Bournemouth, United Kingdom: Imagine Publishing) (27): pp. 42–51. ISSN 1742-3155.
- Williamson, Matt (December 21, 1992). "And the 1992 Winners, Among Home Video Games, are ...". The Plain Dealer (Ohio, United States: Advance Publications). Scipps Howard. p. 5D.
- Mega staff (October 1992). "Top 100". Mega (Bath, United Kingdom: Future Publishing) (1): p. 83. ISSN 0966-6206.
- Mega staff (January 1993). "Top 100". Mega (Bath, United Kingdom: Future Publishing) (4): p. 86. ISSN 0966-6206.
- Malitz, Nancy (August 7, 1992). "Girls are Game, but Nintendo Won't Play". Chicago Sun-Times. p. 57.