Alison Anderson

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Alison Anderson
MLA
Member of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
for Namatjira
Incumbent
Assumed office
25 August 2012
Preceded by Division created
Leader of the Palmer United Party in the Northern Territory
Incumbent
Assumed office
28 April, 2014
Member of the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
for MacDonnell
In office
18 June 2005 – 6 August 2012
Preceded by John Elferink
Succeeded by Division abolished
Personal details
Born 1958 (age 55–56)
Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory, Australia
Political party Labor (2005–09)
Independent (2009–11, 2014)
Country Liberals (2011–14)
Palmer United (2014– )

Alison Nampitjinpa Anderson (born 1958)[1] is an Australian politician who is the leader of the Palmer United Party in the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly. She has been a member of the Legislative Assembly since 2005, when she was elected to represent the seat of MacDonnell, the name of which was changed to Namatjira in 2012. She was a minister in the Country Liberal Party government from 2012 until she was demoted following the CLP's disappointing showing in the 2013 federal election.[2]

Anderson entered the Northern Territory Assembly as a star candidate for the Australian Labor Party at the 2005 election. She was re-elected unopposed as the Member for MacDonnell in the August 2008 Territory election and with the subsequent return of the Henderson Labor Government was appointed to Cabinet. She held the positions of Minister for Natural Resources, Environment and Heritage; Minister for Parks and Wildlife; Minister for Arts and Museums; and Minister for Indigenous Policy.

She left the Cabinet and the Labor Party in 2009 after a dispute over indigenous housing, and sat as an independent for two years. She then joined the opposition Country Liberal Party in 2011 and was elected as a Country Liberal candidate at the 2012 election. She resigned from the CLP in 2014, along with two other indigenous MPs, briefly becoming an independent once again. However, on 27 April 2014 it was announced that that the three MLAs had joined the Palmer United Party, with Anderson serving as parliamentary leader.[3][4]

Anderson speaks six indigenous languages: Anmatyerre, Luritja, Pitjantjatjara, Warlpiri, Western Arrernte and Yankunytjatjara. She is also an accomplished artist.[5] She is among Australia's most senior indigenous politicians, and has been a prominent indigenous activist, including as an Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) Central Zone Commissioner. (See: List of Indigenous Australian politicians)

Early life and career[edit]

Anderson was born in the remote community of Haasts Bluff and was raised in a number of other communities, including Hermannsburg and Papunya. She moved to Alice Springs to attend school, studying at Traeger Park School, Alice Springs High School, and St Phillips College. She subsequently received a Diploma of Community Management from the Batchelor Institute of Indigenous Tertiary Education.[6]

Returning to Papunya, she was elected Chief Executive Officer of the Papunya Community Council in 1985, a role which she fulfilled until handing it over to her husband, Steve Handley, in 2000.[7] She thereby became a prominent representative for the town, then as now one of the country's most impoverished communities, where basic services failed entirely at times. In this role, Anderson was heavily involved throughout the 1990s in conflicts with successive Country Liberal Party territory governments over the provision of electricity, education, and health services.[8][9][10]

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission[edit]

Anderson was first elected as the ATSIC Commissioner for the Northern Territory Central Zone in November 1999.[11] She developed a reputation as an advocate for women's rights within the organisation, and in 2003, was involved in the creation of ATSIC's women's advisory board.[12] She became seen as a leading contender for chairperson of the organisation, and in 2002, unsuccessfully challenged veteran leader Geoff Clark.[13][14] Eight months later, she nominated for the position of deputy chairperson after the resignation of Ray Robinson, but was defeated by one vote despite Robinson's endorsement.[15] She supported the federal government's decision to abolish ATSIC in 2004, declaring that reform of the organisation was overdue, but was sharply critical of their decision to replace it with only a consultative committee.[16] She was nevertheless appointed by the federal government as a Central Australian representative to their Round Table on indigenous issues later that year.[6]

Northern Territory parliamentarian[edit]

In late 2004, Anderson announced her intention to contest Labor preselection for the seat of MacDonnell, traditionally a safe Labor seat, but then held by two-term CLP member John Elferink. She had previously been preselected by the party to stand at the 2001 election, but had withdrawn.[17] She subsequently resigned from the ATSIC board, and was confirmed as the Labor candidate in March.[18] She was widely seen as a star candidate during the campaign, due to her high profile in Central Australia, stemming from her work as an ATSIC Commissioner.[19][20][21] Her campaign suffered an early blow when her husband was charged with stealing offences in February.[22] She suffered a further blow when, through April and May, the Alice Springs News and The Age aired sweeping allegations of corruption and mismanagement during her husband's administration of Papunya.[23][24] She resisted calls from the opposition to stand aside as the candidate, dismissing the claims as a smear campaign.[25][26] In spite of the allegations, she was easily elected in June, defeating Elferink with a swing of more than 30%.[27]

The Papunya scandal continued to afflict Anderson in her first months in parliament, as the Commonwealth government launched an investigation into allegations of misuse of government funds by the town administration.[28] This escalated in September, when her now-estranged husband, against whom she had taken out a restraining order, filed a statutory declaration with police alleging that Anderson was responsible for corrupt activities during his administration, and had attempted to bribe elders during her campaign.[29] She was subsequently cleared of any wrongdoing in the police investigation.[30] The Commonwealth investigation, while reporting widespread missing funds, did not attribute responsibility for this to Anderson.[31] However, allegations of mismanagement persisted in the media for months afterwards.[32]

As her electorate represents much of Central Australia, Anderson has often acted as a spokesperson on issues affecting the communities in the area.[33][34][35] In May 2007, she risked expulsion from the party by joining Barbara McCarthy and Karl Hampton in crossing the floor to vote against a government bill to allow the continuation of mining at the McArthur River Mine, near Borroloola.[36]

Switch to Country Liberal Party[edit]

Anderson was re-elected unopposed in 2008, and continued to be critical of the Henderson government. Finally, she resigned from the Australian Labor Party on 4 August 2009, commenting that "I'm not happy with the way we have conducted ourselves as a government." She also noted her unhappiness that Chief Minister Paul Henderson did not speak out in her defence following an article severely criticising her written by journalist Nigel Adlam in the Northern Territory News.[37] The resignation comes after Anderson had been very critical of the Northern Territory government about what she considered to be the inefficient operation of the $672 million Strategic Indigenous Housing and Infrastructure Program.[38]

On 8 September 2011, she joined the Country Liberal Party, the opposition party in the Territory. She was one of 12 high-profile indigenous Australians to join the CLP that day.[39] Thereafter, Anderson's former party attacked her record prior to her entry to Parliament and promotion to their Cabinet, repeating allegations made in Russell Skelton's book King Brown Country: The Betrayal of Papunya.[40][41]

The Country Liberal Party was swept into office in the Northern Territory general election, 2012, ending 11 years of Labor rule. The victory was notable for the support it achieved from indigenous people in pastoral and remote electorates and a total of five Aboriginal CLP candidates won election to the Assembly.[42] Anderson won a smashing victory in the new electorate of Namatjira, essentially a reconfigured version of MacDonnell. She was appointed Minister for Indigenous Advancement. In a nationally reported speech in November 2012, Anderson condemned welfare dependency and a culture of entitlement in her first ministerial statement on the status of Aboriginal communities in the Territory and said the CLP would focus on improving education and on helping create real jobs for indigenous people.[43]

Anderson was dropped from cabinet after the CLP only won five booths in the federal seat of Lingiari, which has the most indigenous voters in Australia. This, combined with a factional struggle coming to a head, resulted in Anderson being dropped from cabinet on 9 September.[2] In March 2014, she walked out of parliament after accusing the CLP of failing to keep promises made for the bush, including the reinstatement of a ministry for Aboriginal affairs. Giles responded by suspending her from the CLP parliamentary wing. On 3 April, Anderson and two other indigenous MPs, Larissa Lee and Francis Xavier Kurrupuwu, resigned from the CLP, slipping their resignation letters under the door of the CLP office in Darwin. According to The Australian, they were laying the groundwork for a new party to speak for regional interests.[44] However, on 27 April, it was announced they would be joining the Palmer United Party instead, with Anderson as the party's Northern Territory leader.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.daao.org.au/bio/alison-nampitjinpa-anderson/
  2. ^ a b Aikman, Amos (2013-09-10). "NT chief demotes ally of Tony Abbott, Alison Anderson". The Australian. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  3. ^ Matthew Knott, Gareth Hutchins (2014-04-27). "Clive Palmer aims for NT balance of power". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2014-04-27. 
  4. ^ a b "Clive Palmer joins Insiders". Insiders (ABC News (Australia)). 2014-04-27. 
  5. ^ Jopson, Deborah. "Desert Politician At The Centre". The Age, 2 August 2003.
  6. ^ a b ""Member for MacDonnell: Alison Anderson". nt.alp.org.au. Accessed 26 June 2007.
  7. ^ Skelton, Russell. "Couple's rift exposes years of corruption". The Age, 16 October 2005.
  8. ^ Slattery, Luke. "Papunya Blacks Face Winter Without Power". The Age, 8 June 1992.
  9. ^ Alexander, Paul. "Aborigine Community a Symbol of Neglect". Associated Press, 14 February 1993.
  10. ^ Jopson, Deborah. "Black Call For Silent Moment". Associated Press, 11 November 1995.
  11. ^ Shandley, Jacqueline. "New ATSIC boss gives women voice". Centralian Advocate, 30 November 1999.
  12. ^ Shaw, Meaghan. "ATSIC vows to tackle black domestic violence". The Age, 27 March 2003.
  13. ^ Taylor, Kerry. "Who's who on the ATSIC board". The Age, 20 June 2001.
  14. ^ Jopson, Debra. "No change at ATSIC top as Clark lays on the charm". Sydney Morning Herald, 20 December 2002.
  15. ^ Schubert, Misha and Rintoul, Stuart. "Clark ally elected to chair ATSIC". The Australian, 19 August 2003.
  16. ^ Kirk, Alexandra. "ATSIC abolished to silence Indigenous voice: Alison Anderson". ABC Local Radio, 16 April 2004.
  17. ^ "Rivals brace for tussle ahead". Northern Territory News, 11 December 2004.
  18. ^ "Election shuffle". Northern Territory News, 5 March 2005.
  19. ^ "Fingers point on both sides". Northern Territory News, 4 June 2005.
  20. ^ Murdoch, Lindsay. "This is Labor's Territory, in a landslide". Sydney Morning Herald, 20 June 2005.
  21. ^ Michelmore, Karen. "'Political tsunami' almost wipes out CLP". Gold Coast Bulletin, 20 June 2005.
  22. ^ Falconer, Rebecca. "Cloud circles Labor hopeful". Northern Territory News, 19 February 2005.
  23. ^ Chlanda, Erwin. "ALP candidate is in more hot water". Alice Springs News, 27 April 2005.
  24. ^ Skelton, Russell. "In the Centre, a community is seeing red". The Sunday Age, 15 May 2005.
  25. ^ Dyer, Paul. "Call for candidate to stand down". Northern Territory News, 23 May 2005.
  26. ^ "MLA claims NT smear campaign". Northern Territory News, 5 July 2005.
  27. ^ Murdoch, Lindsay. "NT makes it perfectly Clare". Northern Territory News, 19 June 2005.
  28. ^ McLean, Greg. "Hunt for missing cash". Northern Territory News, 5 July 2005.
  29. ^ Skelton, Russell. "Elders 'bribed for votes' in NT". The Sunday Age, 25 September 2005.
  30. ^ Adlam, Nigel. "Police probe clears MP of wrongdoing". Northern Territory News, 14 October 2005.
  31. ^ Adlam, Nigel. "Call to release Papunya report". Northern Territory News, 28 October 2005.
  32. ^ Skelton, Russell. "Footy and a donated music studio - the children of Papunya rise again". Northern Territory News, 27 May 2006.
  33. ^ Squires, Nick. "Vapourless fuel wins petrol-sniffing war". South China Morning Post, 30 March 2005.
  34. ^ Williams, Kylie and Wright, Shane. "Govt confronts indigenous violence again". Australian Associated Press, 25 June 2006.
  35. ^ "Community rises from ashes". Northern Territory News, 4 November 2006.
  36. ^ Calacouras, Nick. "Revolting MLAs cause hole lot of headaches". Northern Territory News, 5 May 2007.
  37. ^ Cunningham, Ma (4 August 2009). "Another Minister quits: Territory may head to election". Northern Territory News (News Ltd.). Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  38. ^ Ravens, Tara (4 August 2009). "Government in crisis as pollie quits Labor". News.com.au. Retrieved 2009-08-04. 
  39. ^ "Feisty NT independent swaps sides". ABC (The World Today). 8 September 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011. 
  40. ^ "King Brown Country: The Betrayal of Papunya". Retrieved 25 May 2013. 
  41. ^ "Burns claims Anderson ripped off Indigenous". NT News. 23 February 2012. 
  42. ^ "Indigenous vote decided outcome in the Territory". The Australian. 22 September 2012. 
  43. ^ "My people must grow up: Alison Anderson". The Australian. 2 November 2012. 
  44. ^ "Rebel MPs quit Northern Territory government". The Australian. 2014-04-05. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
Northern Territory Legislative Assembly
Preceded by
John Elferink
Member for MacDonnell
2005–2012
Division abolished
Division created Member for Namatjira
2012–present
Incumbent