Alissas

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Alissas
Town hall
Town hall
Alissas is located in France
Alissas
Alissas
Coordinates: 44°42′49″N 4°37′52″E / 44.7136°N 4.6311°E / 44.7136; 4.6311Coordinates: 44°42′49″N 4°37′52″E / 44.7136°N 4.6311°E / 44.7136; 4.6311
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ardèche
Arrondissement Privas
Canton Privas
Intercommunality Privas Rhône et Vallées
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Jérôme Bernard
Area
 • Land1 12.43 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 1,324
 • Population2 density 110/km2 (280/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 07008 / 07210
Elevation 196–789 m (643–2,589 ft)
(avg. 229 m or 751 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Alissas is a French commune in the Ardèche department in the Rhône-Alpes region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alissains or Alissaines[1]

Geography[edit]

Alissas is located some 45 km south-west of Valence and 5 km south-east of Privas. It can be accessed by the D2 road from Privas which passes through the commune and village and continues to Chomérac in the east. The D299 road also goes south from the village to Rochessauve. Most of the commune to the south-west and north is heavily forested with areas on farmland in the south-east.[2]

The Ruisseau de Combier forms much of the western border before turning east and passing through the village then flowing east collecting many tributaries until it reaches the Rhone north of Baix. Many tributaries rise in the commune and join the Combier including the Ruisseau de Fontgrand from the north, the Gounier from the south-west, and the Ruisseau de Bouzarin from the south-east.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

The ancient village of Alissas is called Alissacio in Occitan and dates back to the 13th century with the first known traces dated in current sources from 1281.[3] Like all other towns and villages it was not spared during the wars of religion. It was sacked, pillaged, and burned many times by garrison troops from all sides.[4] Its church was even sacked in the 16th century.[3] In the 17th and 18th centuries Alissas had tanneries, gristmills, and plantations of mulberry trees that were greatly developed with silkworms since they are their favorite food.[5] On 1 March 1862 the village was traversed by a railway line passing just above the old town and its walls. This line connected Le Pouzin to Privas and there was a station at Alissas. The railway crossed the village passing over a viaduct built especially for this line and which was the largest viaduct on the line. In figures the viaduct was 178m long with 12 arches, 11 columns, 2 abutments and a height of 18.60m . During World War II the Maquis blew up the two arches closest to Privas to prevent German trains from running. It was rebuilt with the work completed 28 days after the end of the war on 30 September 1945.[3] The line was closed down on 8 October 1950 for passenger traffic but continued to carry freight trains until 31 May 1994. Several years before this abandonment however the commune mobilized to protect its heritage status. There is a landscaped pedestrian path along all of the line. Today there are still some who envisage the reopening of the line.[6]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[7]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Jean Leynaud
2014 2020 Jérôme Bernard

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2009, the commune had 1,324 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
626 697 777 792 842 944 898 921 830
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
848 896 880 848 890 771 807 801 794
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
670 641 606 521 517 503 480 449 462
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
561 508 478 618 720 1,027 1,147 1,324 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Alissas

Distribution of Age Groups[edit]

The population of the town is relatively young. The rate of persons above the age of 60 years (14.3%) is lower than the national (21.8%) and departmental (26.8%) rates. Unlike the national and departmental allocations the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50% against 48.7% nationally and 49.1% at the departmental level). The distribution of the population of the commune by age groups was, in 2008, as follows: 50% of men (0–14 years = 23.4%, 15–29 years = 12.4%, 30–44 years = 26.2%, 45–59 years = 23.2% over 60 years = 14.8%); 50% of women (0–14 years = 24%, 15–29 years = 13.9%, 30–44 years = 28.2%, 45–59 years = 20% over 60 years = 13.7% ).

Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Alissas and Ardeche Department in 2009

Alissas Alissas Ardeche Ardeche
Age Range Men Women Men Women
0 to 14 Years 23.6 24.4 18.7 16.9
15 to 29 Years 12.5 14.4 15.4 14.0
30 to 44 Years 22.5 23.8 19.9 18.9
45 to 59 Years 26.6 23.6 21.5 20.6
60 to 74 Years 10.9 9.7 16.1 16.4
75 to 89 Years 3.8 3.8 8.0 11.7
90 Years+ 0.2 0.3 0.4 1.5

Sources:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]