|Intercommunality||Privas Rhône et Vallées|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Jérôme Bernard|
|• Land1||12.43 km2 (4.80 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||07008 / 07210|
|Elevation||196–789 m (643–2,589 ft)
(avg. 229 m or 751 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alissains or Alissaines
Alissas is located some 45 km south-west of Valence and 5 km south-east of Privas. It can be accessed by the D2 road from Privas which passes through the commune and village and continues to Chomérac in the east. The D299 road also goes south from the village to Rochessauve. Most of the commune to the south-west and north is heavily forested with areas on farmland in the south-east.
The Ruisseau de Combier forms much of the western border before turning east and passing through the village then flowing east collecting many tributaries until it reaches the Rhone north of Baix. Many tributaries rise in the commune and join the Combier including the Ruisseau de Fontgrand from the north, the Gounier from the south-west, and the Ruisseau de Bouzarin from the south-east.
The ancient village of Alissas is called Alissacio in Occitan and dates back to the 13th century with the first known traces dated in current sources from 1281. Like all other towns and villages it was not spared during the wars of religion. It was sacked, pillaged, and burned many times by garrison troops from all sides. Its church was even sacked in the 16th century. In the 17th and 18th centuries Alissas had tanneries, gristmills, and plantations of mulberry trees that were greatly developed with silkworms since they are their favorite food. On 1 March 1862 the village was traversed by a railway line passing just above the old town and its walls. This line connected Le Pouzin to Privas and there was a station at Alissas. The railway crossed the village passing over a viaduct built especially for this line and which was the largest viaduct on the line. In figures the viaduct was 178m long with 12 arches, 11 columns, 2 abutments and a height of 18.60m . During World War II the Maquis blew up the two arches closest to Privas to prevent German trains from running. It was rebuilt with the work completed 28 days after the end of the war on 30 September 1945. The line was closed down on 8 October 1950 for passenger traffic but continued to carry freight trains until 31 May 1994. Several years before this abandonment however the commune mobilized to protect its heritage status. There is a landscaped pedestrian path along all of the line. Today there are still some who envisage the reopening of the line.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2009, the commune had 1,324 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Distribution of Age Groups
The population of the town is relatively young. The rate of persons above the age of 60 years (14.3%) is lower than the national (21.8%) and departmental (26.8%) rates. Unlike the national and departmental allocations the male population of the town is greater than the female population (50% against 48.7% nationally and 49.1% at the departmental level). The distribution of the population of the commune by age groups was, in 2008, as follows: 50% of men (0–14 years = 23.4%, 15–29 years = 12.4%, 30–44 years = 26.2%, 45–59 years = 23.2% over 60 years = 14.8%); 50% of women (0–14 years = 24%, 15–29 years = 13.9%, 30–44 years = 28.2%, 45–59 years = 20% over 60 years = 13.7% ).
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Alissas and Ardeche Department in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||23.6||24.4||18.7||16.9|
|15 to 29 Years||12.5||14.4||15.4||14.0|
|30 to 44 Years||22.5||23.8||19.9||18.9|
|45 to 59 Years||26.6||23.6||21.5||20.6|
|60 to 74 Years||10.9||9.7||16.1||16.4|
|75 to 89 Years||3.8||3.8||8.0||11.7|
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Commune in 2009, INSEE.
- Evolution and Structure of the population of the Department in 2009, INSEE.
- Communes of the Ardèche department
- Cantons of the Ardèche department
- Arrondissements of the Ardèche department
- Alissas official website (French)
- Alissas on the old National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Alissas on Lion1906
- Alissas on Google Maps
- Alissas on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (French)
- Alißas on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Alissas on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
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