(as Linee Aeree Italiane)[note 1]
|Commenced operations||13 January 2009|
|Hubs||Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport (Rome)|
|Revenue||€3,594 million (2012)|
|Operating income||-€119 million (2012)|
|Net income||-€280 million (2012)|
|Employees||14,036 (March 3, 2014)|
Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A. (Alitalia – Italian Air Company), operating as Alitalia, is the flag carrier and national airline of Italy, which took over the name, the landing rights, many planes and some other assets from the liquidation process of the old Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane and all of Air One. The company has its head office in Fiumicino, Italy. Its hub is Leonardo da Vinci-Fiumicino Airport, in Rome. Other focus airports are: Linate Airport and Malpensa Airport in Milan, Caselle Airport in Turin, Venice Airport in Venice, Catania Airport in Sicily. Alitalia's subsidiary Alitalia CityLiner bases are Naples International Airport and Trieste Airport instead of Rome and Milan.
Alitalia is Italy's biggest airline, and the world's 19th. The name "Alitalia" is an Italian portmanteau of the words ali (wings), and Italia (Italy). In late 2013, facing bankruptcy, the loss of a major fuel supplier, and a possible grounding by Italy's civil aviation authority, the airline announced a €500 million rescue package which includes a €75 million investment by the Italian state-owned postal operator.
On August 1, 2014, the Abu Dhabi-based UAE national airline Etihad Airways confirmed it had agreed to terms with Alitalia on taking a 49% stake in the Italian airline. This deal was signed on August 8, 2014.
- 1 History
- 2 Airline operations
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Fleet
- 5 Service
- 6 Incidents and accidents
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Creation of Alitalia-CAI
In 2008, a group of investors made the "Compagnia Aerea Italiana" (CAI) consortium aimed to buy the bankrupt Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane ("old" Alitalia) and to merge these with Air One, another Italian carrier.
On 30 October 2008, CAI offered €1 billion to acquire parts of the bankrupt airline, amidst pilots' and flight crew members' opposition to labour agreements.
On 19 November 2008, CAI's offer was accepted by the bankruptcy administrator of Alitalia with the permission of the Italian government, at the time major shareholder of the bankrupt airline. Alitalia's profitable assets were transferred to CAI on 12 December 2008 after CAI paid €1052 million, consisting of €427 million in cash and the assumption of responsibility for €625 million in Alitalia debt.
A USA diplomatic cable disclosed in 2011 summarised the operation as follows: "Under the guise of a rather quaint (and distinctly un-EU) desire to maintain the Italian-ness of the company, a group of wealthy Berlusconi cronies was enticed into taking over the healthy portions of Alitalia, leaving its debts to the Italian taxpayers. The rules of bankruptcy were changed in the middle of the game to meet the government's needs. Berlusconi pulled this one off, but his involvement probably cost the Italian taxpayers a lot of money."
On 13 January 2009, the "new" Alitalia launched operations. The owners of Compagnia Aerea Italiana sold 25% of the company's shares to Air France-KLM for €322 million. Air France-KLM also obtained an option, subject to certain conditions, to purchase additional shares after 2013.
The "new" Alitalia is officially a different company, which refused to honour passengers claims against the old bankrupt Alitalia on this basis. In June 2014, the Abu Dhabi-based UAE national airline Etihad Airways announced it was taking a 49% stake in Alitalia.
History under new ownership
On 1 February 2010, it was announced that Alitalia crew would go on a four-hour strike over wages. This was the first strike action for Alitalia since the relaunch.
On 11 February 2010, Alitalia announced that, starting from March 2010, it would be using Air One as a low-fare airline ("Smart Carrier"), with operations based at Milan Malpensa Airport, focused on short-haul leisure routes. It was predicted that the subsidiary would handle 2.4 million passengers by 2012. In 2011, 1.4 million passengers were carried by the subsidiary. Although operations were initially to be concentrated at Milan Malpensa, Air One operates from four bases as of January 2013: Milan-Malpensa, Venice-Marco Polo, Pisa and Catania.
On 25 January 2012, Alitalia signed memoranda of understanding with two other Italian airlines, Blue Panorama and Wind Jet, and said to have started processes "aimed at achieving integration" with them.
By the end of July 2012, the Italian antitrust authority granted Alitalia, to acquire Wind Jet, but in return Alitalia had to give up slots on domestic key routes. Faced with this, Alitalia cancelled the plans a few days later in August 2012.
On 3 May 2013, in a sting codenamed "Operation Clean Holds", police made 49 arrests at Rome's Fiumicino airport, with another 37 in major Italian airports including Bari, Bologna, Milan Linate, Naples, Palermo and Verona. All were Alitalia employees caught on camera and most were charged with aggravated theft and damage. Hidden camera footage has been released showing employees rifling through, stealing from, and intentionally damaging passenger's baggage belonging to various carriers.
A variety of different slogans are currently being used by Alitalia:
- "Alitalia vola con te" (Alitalia flies with you)
- "Fatti per volare alto" (Made to fly high)
- "Alitalia, al lavoro per te" (Alitalia, working for you)
- "Muoviamo chi muove l'Italia" (We move the people who keep Italy going)
- "Scegli come volare"(Choose how to fly)
- "Orgogliosi di mostrare il meglio del nostro paese appassionatamente"(Proud to show the best of our country with passion)
- "The pleasure of flying Made in Italy"
The old Alitalia, since 2005, the year in which the new modernised logo and livery were introduced, also used a mix of slogans:
- "Volare, nella tua vita" (Flying, in your life)
- "Volare in compagnia dell'Italia" (Fly with Italy)
In 2014, the company adopted a new slogan
- "Alitalians do it better"
Alitalia's head office is located in Piazza Almerico da Schio, Pal. RPU – 00054 Fiumicino (RM). The corporate headquarters was designed by AMDL, a Milan-based architecture firm. The chairman of the airline is Roberto Colaninno; the first chief executive officer since the relaunch was Rocco Sabelli. On 28 February 2012, Andrea Ragnetti became the new chief executive officer of the company. On April 2013, he was replaced by Gabriele Del Torchio, former chief executive officer of Ducati.
Compagnia Aerea Italiana (CAI) holds a 75% stake in Alitalia, while Air France-KLM holds the other 25%. On October 2013, the state-owned postal service Poste Italiane announced to buy a 15% Alitalia's stake, by injecting 100 million euros into the company's equity and allowing the following capital increase of 300 million euros.
Finance and load factors
|Year||Operating profit (€ millions)||Load Factor (%)||On-time (%)|
ND = No Data
- As of 29 July 2009, Alitalia is the first airline for domestic flights in Italy, and was the third airline for international flights to/from Italy. As of 4 October 2010, Alitalia has overtaken Easyjet in this respect and is therefore in second place.
- 2010 was an "uphill struggle" for Alitalia, whereas a break-even was almost achieved in 2011, despite the difficulties arising from high fuel costs and recent regional troubles in Japan and North Africa. Alitalia has said in a press release that the prospects for 2012 are "still challenging".
- Alitalia was nominated as Europe's most punctual airline in 2010, and as one of the world's five most punctual airlines in 2011.
- As of 28 October 2010, Alitalia has 53% of the market share on domestic routes (based on seat capacity).
Alitalia's major shareholders on 13 January 2014, prior to completion of an August, 2014 deal with Ethiad Airways where that airline was to take a 49% interest.
Alitalia, including flights operated by its subsidiary Air One Smart Carrier, serves 103 destinations (at July 2014). Alitalia's hub is at Rome Fiumicino Airport, and five other Italian airports are secondary hubs. Air One's operating bases are Catania Airport, Palermo Airport, Pisa Airport, Venice Marco Polo Airport, Verona Airport .
Alitalia has since arranged code-share agreements with SkyTeam members, allowing passengers to fly to numerous destinations (with some or all segments operated by airlines other than Alitalia) using a single Alitalia ticket.
As of August 2014, the Alitalia mainline fleet consists of the following aircraft:
|Airbus A330-200||10||3||20||13||222||255||Deliveries 2015|
|2||—||20||—||263||283||To be reconfigured by end of Winter 2014|
Between 2009 and 2011, Alitalia renewed its fleet with the arrival of 34 new aircraft, while 26 older planes retired. Alitalia mainline has an average fleet age of 8.1 years as of April 2013. The renewal process ended in early 2013.
- In mid-2009, a Boeing 767-300ER (EI-DBP) was painted in in the SkyTeam livery.
- On 19 July 2010, a Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSA), which had previously been in the Air One livery, was painted in a special "Alitalia.com" livery.
- In March 2012, a Embraer E-190-100LR (EI-RND) was delivered in the SkyTeam livery.
- In March 2012, a Boeing 777-200ER (EI-DDH) was painted in the SkyTeam livery.
- In April 2012, a Airbus A321-100 (EI-IXI) was painted in the historic livery of Freccia Alata-Linee Aeree Italiane, Alitalia's predecessor.
- In November 2013, an Airbus A330-200 (EI-DIR), which had previously been in the Air One livery, was painted in the SkyTeam livery.
- In March 2014 an Airbus A330-200 (EI-EJG) and an Airbus A320-200 (EI-DSM) were painted in a special livery dedicated to Calabria.
- In April 2014 an Airbus A319-100 (EI-IMI) was painted in a special livery dedicated to Friuli-Venezia Giulia.
Over the years, Alitalia has operated the following aircraft types:
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2014)|
The Boeing 767-300ER was introduced to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1990, and then retired in 2012 after 22 years of service. The last flight with this aircraft type operated on 25 October 2012 using the plane with registration EI-DDW on flight AZ845 (Accra-Lagos-Rome).
The McDonnell Douglas MD-82 was introduced to the Alitalia-Linee Aeree Italiane fleet in 1978, and then retired in 2012 after 34 years of service. The last flight with this aircraft type operated on 27 October 2012 using the plane with registration I-DATI on flight AZ1740 (Catania-Milan-Linate). The same aircraft on 17 December 2012 operated a memorial flight from Rome-Fiumicino Airport to Trieste Airport with journalists and ex-Alitalia's CEO Andrea Ragnetti on board. During landing, I-DATI was supported by Frecce Tricolori; they did a show for the occasion. The hostesses on board were dressed in Alitalia's historical uniform.
Alitalia has four classes of service:
- Classica is Alitalia's economy class. On short and medium haul flights, passengers receive a free drink and a snack or light meal service, depending on the length of the flight. Personal TV screens for entertainment are present in each seat on some Airbus A320 and A319 planes. On long haul flights, passengers receive a free meal service as well as (on most planes) personal TV screens for entertainment.
- Classica plus is Alitalia's Premium Economy, available on some long haul flights. The service is the same as Economy, however passengers get some extra benefits such as extra leg room, dedicated check-in desks and a higher baggage allowance.
- Ottima is Alitalia's short and medium haul business class, with an improved catering service and baggage allowance compared to Classica, as well as a dedicated check-in desk and access to the V.I.P. lounges in the airport.
- Magnifica is Alitalia's long haul business class, with special benefits since the recent upgrade:
- New catering (regionally focused, changing monthly and including a new selection of wines and "spumante" changes prepared in cooperation with the Italian Sommelier Association)
- New blankets, duvets, cushions, and linens by Frette
- New amenity kits by Bulgari
- New china by Richard Ginori
- New flat-bed Magnifica Class seats on Alitalia's Airbus A330-200 and 777 aircraft.
The airline's frequent-flyer programme is named "MilleMiglia" (thousand miles), and is part of the SkyTeam alliance programme, allowing passengers to collect miles and redeem them with free tickets across the whole alliance.
It also grants access to Alitalia's Privilege clubs, Ulisse, Freccia Alata, and Freccia Alata Plus, depending on the number of miles collected in a year, with various advantages depending on the club. These clubs give access to SkyTeam Elite (Ulisse) and SkyTeam Elite+ (Freccia Alata, Freccia Alata plus).
Incidents and accidents
Listed here are incidents since Alitalia's relaunch of operations on 13 January 2009:
- On 24 April 2011, an attempt was made to hijack Alitalia Flight 329, en route from Charles de Gaulle Airport, Paris, France to Fiumicino Airport, Rome and divert it to Tripoli International Airport, Libya. The hijacker, reported to be an advisor to the Kazakhstan delegation to UNESCO, was subdued by cabin crew and other passengers. He was arrested and taken into custody after the aircraft made a safe landing at Rome.
- On 29 September 2013 at 20:10, an Alitalia Airbus A320 flying from Madrid Barajas Airport to Rome Fiumicino airport failed to deploy the landing gear during a storm on landing and the aircraft toppled, skidded off the runway and crashed. 10 passengers suffered minor injuries and all 151 passengers and crew were evacuated and taken to hospital. The crash is still being investigated.
- The company that today is known as Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana was founded as Alitalia – Linee Aeree Italiane on 1946. After bankruptcy in 2008, Alitalia was rebranded as Alitalia-CAI in 2009.
- Alitalia Network Winter 2013–2014
- Young, Kathryn M. (22 April 2013). "Alitalia names new chief | People content from". ATWOnline. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- "Copyright." Alitalia. Retrieved on 9 June 2010.
- "Alitalia". Foundation for Corporate Responsibility. Retrieved 29 January 2012. "Alitalia is the world's 19th largest passenger airline by fleet size. Italy's largest airline, Alitalia..."
- "Alitalians Do it Better: The Italian Revival". airport-technology.com. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Alitalia Secures €500 million in New Funding, Avoids Bankruptcy". Frequent Business Traveler. 12 October 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
- "Alitalia strikes deal on Etihad picking up 49pc stake". Corriere della Sera. Retrieved 1 August 2014.
- "Alitalia bailout by CAI consortium likely, labor unions support buy | DWS Aviation". Dancewithshadows.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Babington, Deepa (19 November 2008). "UPDATE 3 – Italy agrees sale of Alitalia to CAI consortium". Reuters. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- (Italian) "Alitalia, Fantozzi accetta l'offerta di Cai: 1.052 milioni". SKY TG 24. 21 November 2008.
- "Boykott CAI (Alitalia+AirOne) " Gurgle Italy (Children of a Lesser God)". Gurgleitaly.wordpress.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia, vola italiano ma a quale prezzo." (Archive, shows an Italian translation of a 3 October 2008 cable from the USA Embassy Rome, see in the original English, Archive) La Repubblica.
- "Air France-KLM buys 25% of Alitalia". Financial Times. 12 January 2009.
- "Alitalia customer service response". Consumertravel.com. 4 November 2010.
- "Alitalia: Colaninno, 22 MLN Passeggeri Nel 2009. E Quest'Anno di Piu' (abnm)". Informazione.it. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia press release concerning results obtained in 2011". Corporate.alitalia.com. 24 February 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
- Segreti, Giulia (1 February 2010). "Alitalia faces first strike action since emerging from bankruptcy". FT.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia: 3 milioni di pax a Malpensa con Air One" (in Italian). TTG Italia. 21 September 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Remondini, Chiara (12 February 2011). "Alitalia, Meridiana Fly Are in Merger Talks, Messaggero Reports". Bloomberg. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia plans merger with Blue Panorama and Wind Jet". Flightglobal.com. 25 January 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- wingtip (2 August 2012). "volaspheric: Alitalia has cancelled Wind Jet acquisition". Volaspheric.blogspot.de. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Laura Smith-Spark, CNN (4 May 2013). "Italian police arrest dozens over Alitalia baggage theft". cnn.com.
- Videolandmarks (3 May 2013). "Italy: baggage handlers stealing on cam arrested. Furti di bagagli in aeroporto: 90 arresti". youtube.com.
- [dead link]
- "Alitalia flights and customer reviews". Europelowcost. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- [dead link]
- "Alitalia colour scheme @ Norwich ? – Key Publishing Ltd Aviation Forums". Forum.keypublishing.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia". Alitalia. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- (Italian) "Alitalia è la Compagnia aerea che ha attraversato la storia del Paese, si è evoluta negli anni e guarda al futuro con l'impegno di migliorarsi offrendo il meglio". Superbrands.it. 7 October 2012.
- (Italian) "'Alitalians do it better' new motto. Etihad CEO presents slogan for Alitalia staff to wear.". ansa.it. 12 September 2014.
- "Registered Office". Alitalia. Retrieved 29 January 2012. "Piazza Almerico da Schio Pal. RPU – 00054 Fiumicino (RM)"
- "Architecture." AMDL. Retrieved on 22 October 2012.
- Gabriele Del Torchio. "Gabriele Del Torchio – Gabriele Del Torchio – Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Air France-KLM takes Alitalia stake". Euronews. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- Ebhardt, Tommaso (9 October 2013). "Alitalia Plans to More Than Double Size of Capital Hike". Bloomberg. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- 11 ottobre 2013. "Alitalia, il cda vara aumento da 300 milioni. Sarmi (Poste): "I risparmi dei cittadini non-saranno toccati". Il Sole 24 ORE. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- [dead link]
- "Agenzia stampa del settore aeronautico, elicotteristico, aerospaziale e della difesa". Avionews. 13 May 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Agenzia stampa del settore aeronautico, elicotteristico, aerospaziale e della difesa". Avionews. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia: Andamento Gestionale 2010 – AgenParl – Agenzia Parlamentare per l'informazione politica ed economica". Agenparl.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia perde 89 milioni ricavi in crescita "in linea con obiettivi"". Repubblica.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Alitalia results Q3 2011 (Italian) 26 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- "Alitalia,utile di 90 milioni nel terzo trimestre – ECONOMIA". Lettera43.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- 4-traders. "Alitalia – Compagnia Aerea Italiana S.p.A. : Midyear Report 2012. CEO Andrea Ragnetti SAYS: "The Worst is over, we are targeting a trend reversal in the second half of the year"". 4-traders.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Alitalia results Q3 2012 (Italian) 25 October 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012.
- Alitalia's Broad of Directors approves the Group financial statement of 2012
- "Alitalia results Q1 2013".
- "Alitalia results Q3 2013".
- "Alitalia results Q1 2014".
- "Italy: Alitalia still dominant on domestic routes; 3rd behind Ryanair/easyJet on intl/EU". anna.aero. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia has over half of domestic market but Ryanair is twice as big on international routes; easyJet No. 1 at Milan Malpensa". anna.aero. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Code-Sharing Agreements – Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 4 May 2013.
- Paylor, Anne (6 August 2014). "Air Seychelles to codeshare with Alitalia via Abu Dhabi". Air Transport World. Retrieved 12 August 2014.
- Usuário (23 July 2013). "Em busca de receita maior, Gol acerta compartilhar voos com Alitalia | Valor Econômico". Valor.com.br. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
- "Jet Airways, Alitalia enters into code-share pact". India Infoline. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
- "alitalia sky team- the alliance strategy". Leadershipmedica.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Our members". Skyteam.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia joins transatlantic joint venture | Reuters". In.reuters.com. 5 July 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia Fleet in Planespotters.net". planespotters.net. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
- Alitalia Corporate – 2st [sic] STRATEGIC LINE: DEVELOPMENT OF INTERCONTINENTAL ACTIVITIES – Development of the long-haul fleet
- "Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.it. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "EI-DBP". Airliners.net. 31 May 2009. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Gianluca Mantellini (24 July 2010). "EI-DSA". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Mirko Krogmann (17 July 2013). "EI-RND". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- Giorgio Parolini (27 December 2013). "EI-DDH". Airliners.net. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "EI-IXI". Airliners.net. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
- "Class services". Alitalia. 4 February 2010. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Alitalia". Corporate.alitalia.com. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Welcome on board the MilleMiglia program". Alitalia. Retrieved 30 January 2012.
- Hradecky, Simon (24 April 2011). "Accident: Alitalia A321 enroute on Apr 24th 2011, attempted hijack". Aviation Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
- Matt Blake (30 September 2013). "Alitalia plane carrying 151 passengers crash lands in Rome after its landing gear fails to open in a storm | Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alitalia.|