Aliteracy (sometimes spelled alliteracy) is the state of being able to read but being uninterested in doing so. This phenomenon has been reported on as a problem occurring separately from illiteracy, which is more common in the developing world, while aliteracy is primarily a problem in the developed world. In 2002, John Ramsey defined aliteracy as a loss of a reading habit usually since reading is slow and frustrating for the reader.
Unesco International Book Year report
In a publication analyzing the 1972 International Book Year, an estimate was given that as many as 57% of the citizens of an unnamed European nation known for their production of important books did not read books, or that 43% were book readers. Estimates for other industrialized nations' active readers ranged from 33 to 55%.
Jim Trelease, author of The Read-Aloud Handbook, has stated that this trend away from the written word is more than worrisome, and that it's tearing apart culture. People who have stopped reading, he says, "base their future decisions on what they used to know...If you don't read much, you really don't know much...you're dangerous."
American historian Daniel Boorstin, in 1984, while serving as librarian of Congress, issued a landmark report: "Books in Our Future". Citing recent statistics that only about half of all Americans read regularly every year, he referred to the "twin menaces" of illiteracy and aliteracy. "In the United States today," Boorstin wrote, "aliteracy is widespread." In the United States, a 2008 study reported that 46.7% of adult Americans did not read a book not required for work or school during 2002.
Another alert to this phenomenon was a 1991 editorial in Fortune magazine by Stratford P. Sherman (with Laurie Kretchmar). It refers to a study by John P. Robinson, a sociology professor at the University of Maryland, College Park, showing that the average American at that time spent only 24 minutes per day in reading. Samuel Robert Lichter, director of the Center for Media and Public Affairs, is quoted on his preference for the ease of turning on the TV instead of reading a book.
Kylene Beer's 1996 study connected aliteracy with reading motivation in teens. She noted unmotivated readers complained about not connecting with the text and could not "see" or visualize what was happening in the book. The inability to relate to the characters reduced the desire to read.
Ways to create readers
Motorola is mentioned as making preparations to pay $5,000,000 to teach their workers reading skills, and Ford Motor Company is described as, since 1982, having already sent 32,000 workers to a similar program. Publisher Simon & Schuster was quoted as predicting a market of $500,000,000 per year in the sales of remedial programs to corporations.
Steven Layne's book, "Igniting a Passion for Reading" discusses several proven methods that readers can do to increase the desire to read in others.
One method is to read aloud, both to children and adults. Reading aloud allows the listener to hear the story without struggling through decoding the words and possible frustration.
Another method, used in schools, is to encourage students to read every day, choosing for themselves what to read, and reading simply for enjoyment. This is often referred to as Sustained Silent Reading (SSR). Dr. Stephen Krashen, a leading proponent of SSR, looked at 54 studies of such programs and found that in general they were successful at improving reading skills and building a reading habit.
- Books v. Cigarettes (an essay by George Orwell)
- Functional illiteracy
- Postliterate society
- Strengthening Kids' Interest in Learning and Libraries Act
- Reducing "Alliteracy" in High School Students, by Joanne Collison
- Book Industry Statistics
- Reading at Risk: A Survey of Literary Reading in America (NEA)
- Publishers Weekly statistics on reading
- "Booksellers Lament Web Sales, Aliteracy; Stores Search for a Niche amid Reader Falloff" The Washington Times, September 27, 2007.
- essay by Howard Rheingold on literacy and participation in virtual communities
- "Gutenberg Blues", (essay on aliteracy) by John Olson, in the glade of theoric ornithic hermetica, October 29, 2008
- Newsweek review of The Dumbest Generation: How the Digital Age Stupefies Young Americans and Jeopardizes Our Future (Or, Don't Trust Anyone Under 30) by Mark Bauerlein June 2 2008
- "Twilight of the Books", an essay on the decline of reading from The New Yorker, December 24, 2007
- Cohen, Roger (January 6, 1991). "The Lost Book Generation". The New York Times.
- Ramsey, John (2002). "Hell's Bibliophiles: The fifth way of looking at an aliterate". Change 34 (1): 50–56. doi:10.1080/00091380209601835.
- Anatomy of an International Year
- The Washington Post. August 21, 2012 http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A23370-2001May13?language=printer
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- National Endowment for the Arts. "Reading on the Rise". Retrieved 2008.
- Beer, Kylene (1996). "No time, no interest, no way! The 3 voices of aliteracy". School Library Journal 42 (2): 30–33.
- Sherman, Stratford P. (November 18, 1991). "AMERICA WON'T WIN TILL IT READS MORE And instead it's reading less. Yet reading is strongly connected to communicating, thinking, imagining -- the skills any country will need to compete globally". CNN.
- Layne, Steven L. (2009). Igniting a Passion for Reading: Successful Strategies for Building Lifetime Readers. Portland, ME: Stenhouse Publishers. ISBN 978-1-57110-385-7.
- Krashen, Stephen D., 2011. Free Voluntary Reading. Santa Barbara: Libraries Unlimited, chapter 1.