Aliza Olmert was born in a displaced persons camp in Eschwege, Germany. Her parents were Holocaust survivors from Łódź. She grew up in Ramat Gan and served as a topographer and platoon commander in the Israel Defense Forces. She met her husband, Ehud Olmert, at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, where she was studying social work. The Olmerts live in Jerusalem's Katamon neighborhood. They have five children, one of them adopted.
In 1985–1988, at the age of 40, Olmert studied environmental design at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design. In Israel, Olmert has exhibited at the Museum on the Seam in Jerusalem, the Museum of Israeli Art in Ramat Gan, the Eretz Israel Museum in Tel Aviv and the Tel Aviv Artists' House. Her work has also been exhibited in Japan, Uruguay, Italy, Britain, Poland, Argentina and New York. In March 2008, she was awarded the Steiger Prize in Germany.
Olmert espouses left-wing politics, and has been accused of influencing her husband's political views. Olmert dislikes the political limelight, and says that their most difficult period as a couple was 1993–2003, when Ehud was mayor of Jerusalem.
Olmert is active in social programs promoting child welfare. She is the chairman of Or Shalom and Tlalim, which aid children at risk and families with homebound sick children. Olmert is also a member of the Action Committee for Children of Foreign Workers.
- Wall Language (co-authored with Gayil Hareven)
- Fantasy for Piano (a play performed by the Cameri Theater)
- "That Midas touch". Haaretz.[dead link]
- Rachel Shabi (5 May 2006). "The unlikely first lady". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- Nir Magal (14 May 2006). "עליזה אולמרט: לא אוותר על הבריחות לתל אביב" [Aliza Olmert: I will not give up on escapes to Tel Aviv] (in Hebrew). Ynet. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
- 'Ma'ayan and Motti were here and had wild sex' - Haaretz - Israel News[dead link]
- Aliza Olmert Bio on pmo.gov.il[dead link]
- Aliza Olmert - Dead End - Exhibition[dead link]
- Aliza Olmert - Israel - Exhibition[dead link]
- Davide Frattini (14 May 2006). "Ritratto di Aliza Olmert, la first lady israeliana" [Portrait of Aliza Olmert, the Israeli first lady] (in Italian). Informazione Corretta.
- Nir Magal (14 May 2006). "עליזה אולמרט: לא אוותר על הבריחות לתל אביב" [Aliza Olmert: I will not give up on escapes to Tel Aviv] (in Hebrew). Ynet.