Alcyoneus was the eldest of the Thracian Gigantes of Greek mythology. He was born (like all other Gigantes) in full armor with a spear in his hand. He was the most prominent of the Gigantes who led a major rebellion against the Olympian Gods and was said to be immortal in his homeland, Pallene.
Isthmus of Corinth at the time when Heracles drove away the oxen of Geryon. The giant attacked him, crushed twelve wagons and twenty-four of the men of Heracles with a huge block of stone. Heracles himself warded off the stone with his club and slew Alcyoneus. The block with which the giant had attacked Heracles was shown on the isthmus down to a very late period. In another passage Pindar calls Alcyoneus a Thracian shepherd, and places the struggle with him in the Phlegraean plains.
Alcyoneus is also the name of three minor mythological figures:
- Alcyoneus, son of Diomus and Meganeira, a handsome youth of Delphi who was to be given up to Sybaris, but was rescued by Eurybarus.
- Alcyoneus, an Ethiopian who fought under Agamemnon in the Trojan War.
- Alcyoneus, an alternate name for Ischys.
In [Rick Riordan]'s The Son of Neptune Alcyoneus is a major villain. [Hazel Levesque], a daughter of [Pluto] is tricked into raising him in 1941 by creating a body for him out of precious materials from underground in Alaska. However, she later sacrificed herself to delay his recreation. Alcyoneus captures the God of Death Thanatos, enabling monsters and villainous humans to escape the Underworld. He is immortal in Alaska(him new homeland), and wiped out most of the 5th Cohort of Camp Jupiter when they travelled there during the 1980s. However [Frank Zhang] a son of [Mars] is able to free Thanatos and using the Hazel's horse [Arion] he pulled the giant from his homeland to Canada, where Hazel killed the giant.
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- Schmitz, Leonhard (1867). "Alcyoneus". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 108.
- Pindar, Nemean Odes iv. 44, with the Scholiast
- Pindar, Isthmian Odes vi. 45, &c.
- Pseudo-Apollodorus, 1. 34
- Alcyoneus at Theoi.com
- Antoninus Liberalis, Metamorphoses, 8
- Quintus Smyrnaeus, Fall of Troy, 2. 364