All-Ukrainian Political Movement "State Independence of Ukraine"

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The All-Ukrainian Political Movement "State Independence of Ukraine" (Ukrainian: сеукраїнське об'єднання «Державна самостійність України») was a political party in Ukraine from 1990 till 2003.[1][2]

History[edit]

The party was founded by two former political prisoners and members of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group: Zenoviy Krasivsky (1929–1991) and Ivan Kandyba (1930–2002) in Lviv in April 1990.[1][2] Only ethnic Ukrainians could join the party, and only Ukrainians were considered an indigenous ethnic group in Ukraine (Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars in the case of Crimea).[2] The party attracted more radical nationalist members then other parties who also urged for Ukrainian independence.[1][a 1] A merge with the more moderate Ukrainian Republican Party was rejected by the party in 1991.[1] The party referred to the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine as ‘a useless scrap of paper’ as it stated in December 1991 that there was no independent Ukraine; meanwhile it boycotted the Presidential elections of December 1991.[2]

On 23 March 1993 the party received official registration by the Ministry of Justice.[1][2] Later in 1993 Kandyba left the party to head the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists and he also tried to dissolve his former party.[2] Early 1994 writer Roman Koval became chairman of the party which under his leadership radicalised.[2]

During the 1994 parliamentary elections the party competed in 11 electoral districts, but none of its candidates made it to the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian Parliament).[1]

In the 1998 parliamentary elections the party joined a bloc of parties (together with the Svoboda) called "Less Words" (Ukrainian: Менше слів), which collected 0.16% of the national vote.[3][4][5] From the bloc only Oleh Tyahnybok was voted into Parliament.[6]

From the 1998 parliamentary elections on the party existed only on paper.[1] The party (by chose) did not take part in the 2002 parliamentary elections.[2] On 28 May 2003 the Supreme Court of Ukraine withdrew its registration of the part "as it did not meet Ukrainian legislation.[1] The party tried to legally challenge this decision, but this did not brought any results.[1]

In 2003 the Ministry of Justice of Ukraine annulled registration of the party.[7]

Stances[edit]

The party only considered Ukrainians as an indigenous ethnic group of Ukraine (Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars in the case of Crimea).[2] It only accepted ethnic Ukrainians as members.[2] The party openly propagated the idea of establishing a national dictatorship and adhered to the legacy of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists’s ideologists Dmytro Dontsov, Mykola Stsiborskyi and Stepan Bandera.[2]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]