All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland"

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from All-Ukrainian Union Fatherland)
Jump to: navigation, search
All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" ("Batkivshchyna")
Leader Yulia Tymoshenko[1][2]
Parliamentary leader Sergei Sobolev[3]
Slogan We Will Stop Them (2012 Elections), Many Parties, One Batkivshchyna (2012)[4]
Founded July 9, 1999 (1999-07-09)[5]
Headquarters Kiev
Youth wing The young activists of Batkivshchyna[6]
Ideology Liberal conservatism[7]
Conservatism[8]
Populism[9][10]
Pro-Europeanism[7][9]
Political position Centre-right[9][11]
International affiliation International Democrat Union (associate)[12]
European affiliation European People's Party (observer)[13][14]
Colours Crimson
Seats in Verkhovna Rada
19 / 450
[15]
Regions (2010)
351 / 3,056
[16]
Website
http://batkivshchyna.com.ua
Politics of Ukraine
Political parties
Elections

All-Ukrainian Union "Fatherland" or Batkivshchyna (Ukrainian: Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина", Vseukrayins'ke Obyednannya Bat'kivshchyna) is a political party in Ukraine, led by Yulia Tymoshenko.[1] It was also a leading party in the country's Yatsenyuk Government.[17]

As the core party of the former Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc, Batkivshchyna has had representation in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukraine's parliament) since Yulia Tymoshenko set up the parliamentary faction Batkivshchyna in March 1999.[18][19][20] Since 2008 "Batkivshchyna" is an associate member of European People's Party.[21] After the November 2011 banning of the participation of blocs of political parties in parliamentary elections[22] "Fatherland" became a major force in Ukrainian politics independently.[23] In the 2012 parliamentary elections the party also added the name "United Opposition" to its name, and aligned several other parties under its banner; it won 101 parliamentary seats in the election.[23][24][25] In June 2013 several of those aligned parties merged with Batkivshchyna.[26] But the party split itself when on 10 September 2014 party leaders Yatsenyuk and Turchynov became founding member the new party People's Front.[27]

On 31 December 2013, the party's parliamentary faction was 90 votes strong.[15] The party enjoys support mainly in Western Ukraine (especially in the Lviv Oblast where the vast majority of members live) and Central Ukraine.[15]

Party leader Yulia Tymoshenko was sentenced to seven years in prison in October 2011 on abuse of power charges;The prosecution and conviction were viewed by many countries – most prominently the European Union, who repeatedly called for release of Yulia Tymoshenko as the primary condition for signing the EU Association Agreement, and USA – and international organizations such as Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International as politically biased.[28][29][30][31][32][33] she served part of the sentence while being treated in a Kharkiv hospital.[1][34] She was released on 22 February 2014.[35] She was officially rehabilitated on February 28, 2014.[36][37][38][39] Just after Euromaidan revolution, the Ukrainian Supreme Court closed the case and found that "no crime was committed".[40]

The party won 19 seats in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election; barely passing the 5% election threshold with 5.68% of the votes.[41][42]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The organization was founded in 1995 as the All-Ukrainian Fatherland Union of Peaceful Forces Citizen Association by Volodymyr Prisnyakov, a rector at Dnipropetrovsk National University.[20] The citizen association was reorganized into a party on 9 July 1999 by former members of Hromada, including Tymoshenko.[20] who had left the party that spring. On 14 September 1998 the General Prosecutor of Ukraine accused Hromada leader Pavlo Lazarenko of embezzlement, and Tymoshenko established the Batkivshchyna parliamentary group the following March.[18][19][20] (Tymoshenko was originally elected during the 1998 parliamentary elections from the Hromada party list.)[43] On 16 September 1999 the party was registered at the Ukrainian Ministry of Justice.[20][44] The first party chairman elected was Viktor Drachenko, a former Communist Party secretary from Dnipropetrovsk Oblast.[20] At the second party congress on 18 December 1999, the chair was given to Tymoshenko.[20]

After Tymoshenko was elected as Deputy Prime Minister in the Yushchenko government, the party was considered "conditionally pro-presidential" and "leftist".[20][45][46] In 2000 the Fatherland Party opposed President Kuchma,[47] and began attracting those who had voted for Yevhen Marchuk in the October 1999 presidential election.[47] After Tymoshenko was arrested in February 2001, the party joined the opposition Ukraine without Kuchma.[48] The Fatherland Party helped create the National Salvation Committee, which laid the groundwork for the creation of the Yulia Tymoshenko electoral bloc before the next parliamentary elections.[48] In December 2001, the Ukrainian Conservative Republican Party merged into the party.[49]

Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[edit]

In the 2002 parliamentary elections, the party was the main constituent of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc.[44] The bloc obtained 22 seats in the parliament, all on the party list. Thirteen of them were allocated to "Fatherland".

In January 2005, Tymoshenko became Prime Minister of Ukraine under Viktor Yushchenko's presidency.[50][51] Several months earlier, she was a leader in the Orange Revolution which enabled Yushchenko's election.[50][52]

After losing several seats in 2002 and 2003, in September 2005 the bloc had grown to 40 members.[53] In March 2005, the Yabluko party merged with Batkivshchyna;[20] however, in March 2007 Yabluko became the Party of Free Democrats.[20] In late 2005, the United Ukraine party also merged with Batkivshchyna.[20] In the 2006 and 2007 parliamentary elections the party was part of the Tymoshenko bloc,[44] which won 129 of 450 seats in 2006 (22.29 percent of the total vote) and 156 of 450 seats (30.71 percent of the total vote) in 2007.[44]

Yulia Tymoshenko at a March 2011 meeting of the European People's Party

On 18 December 2007 Yulia Tymoshenko was reelected prime minister by a two-vote margin, making Our Ukraine–People's Self-Defense Bloc and the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc a majority coalition.[54][55] Since 2008, the party has been an observer member of the European People's Party.[14]

After the Second Tymoshenko Government fell on 3 March 2010, the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc moved to the opposition.[56] During the 2010 Ukrainian local elections the party (political blocs were not permitted to compete in the election)[57][58] was defeated by the rival Party of Regions in nearly all regions of Ukraine, although it remained the main opposition party.[59] Although Batkivshchyna won seats in 19 of 24 regional parliaments, it did not win a seat in the Supreme Council of Crimea.[60] In Lviv Oblast and Kiev Oblast as well as in Ternopil the party did not participate in the elections cause it was unable to register their candidates; Yulia Tymoshenko claimed that "fraudulent Batkivshchyna party organisations were registered on orders from Viktor Yanukovych".[61][62][63]

Unified opposition in 2012 parliamentary elections[edit]

On 16 November 2010, the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) was renamed the Bloc Yulia Tymoshenko-Batkivshchyna.[64] Party leader Tymoshenko was sentenced to seven years in prison in October 2011 for abuse of power.[1][34]

On 17 November 2011, party blocs were banned in parliamentary elections.[22] The following month, Batkivshchyna and the People's Self-Defense party announced that the latter would merge with the former,[65][66] and on 28 December first deputy party head Oleksandr Turchynov said, "I believe that other political forces will join in".[67]

Batkivshchyna, the former Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc member Reforms and Order Party and the People's Movement of Ukraine announced their intention to submit a single party list in the March 2012 parliamentary elections.[68] On 7 April, Arseniy Yatsenyuk announced that the Front for Change party would join them on the single-party list.[69]

On 6 June 2012, Vyacheslav Kutovy and Volodymyr Kupchak left the party;[71] Kupchak he had been threatened by party leader Yatsenyuk and the party had "betrayed Yulia Tymoshenko, who had sparked the protest movement Rise up, Ukraine!".[72] In July 2012, Batkivshchyna agreed with the Svoboda party on the distribution of single-member district candidates in the 2012 parliamentary elections.[73] Two weeks before the 28 October election, Batkivshchyna withdrew 26 parliamentary candidates in favour of the Ukrainian Democratic Alliance for Reform (UDAR); UDAR withdrew 26 of its single-seat candidates in favour of Batkivshchyna candidates, attempting to maximise the opposition vote.[74]

Oblast map of Ukraine, colour-coded by Batkivshchyna vote
Results of the 2012 elections

Batkivshchyna was a de facto umbrella party in the election, whose election list included members of the Reforms and Order, People's Movement of Ukraine, Front for Change, For Ukraine!, People's Self-Defense, Civil Position and Social Christian parties.[75][76][77][78] In July 2012, members of the Mejlis of the Crimean Tatar People joined the list, known as the Fatherland United Opposition.[79] Front for Change leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk headed the list, because Tymoshenko was imprisoned.[25][70] The list won 62 seats and 25.55 percent of the vote under the proportional party-list system (down from 30.71 percent in 2007 for the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc[44]), and another 39 in simple-majority constituencies. Competing in 152 of 225 constituencies,[80]); they won a total of 101 seats, 22.67 percent of the 450 seats in the Verkhovna Rada.[81] The party lost about two million votes, compared with the results of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc in the previous election.[23] On 12 December 2012 (father and son) Oleksandr Tabalov and Andriy Tabalov (although elected into parliament on party-lists of "Fatherland") did not join the parliamentary faction of "Fatherland"[82][83]). Yatsenyuk was elected leader of this parliamentary faction (also) on 12 December 2012.[84] On 19 October 2012, Batkivshchyna and Svoboda signed an agreement for "the creation of a coalition of democratic forces in the new parliament".[85] The party is also coordinating its parliamentary activities with UDAR.[86]

In early April 2013 four lawmakers left the party in protest of Yatsenyuk's leadership style, and Roman Stadniychuk was forced to replace Serhiy Vlasenko's parliamentary mandate.[87][88] The following month, Batkivshchyna, UDAR and Svoboda pledged to coordinate for the 2015 Ukrainian presidential election.[89]

2013 unification[edit]

In December 2012, the parties which aligned with Batkivshchyna in the 2012 parliamentary elections considered forming a single party.[90] On 15 June 2013, the Reforms and Order Party and the Front for Change merged with Batkivshchyna.[91] A portion of the People's Movement of Ukraine (including former chairman Borys Tarasyuk)[92] also merged; the remainder of the party had merged with the Ukrainian People's Party the previous month.[93]).[26] During the same congress, the party also approved Tymoshenko's nomination as its candidate in the 2015 Ukrainian presidential election.[2] On 4 July 2013, Batkivshchyna expelled Vasyl Kravchuk "for betraying the interests of the people and the systematic violation of decisions of the faction".[94]

Euromaidan and return to government[edit]

The party played a substantial role in the anti-government Euromaidan protests, which began in late November 2013 and culminated in the 21 February 2014 impeachment of President Viktor Yanukovych after the 2014 Ukrainian revolution.[38][95] Party leader Arseniy Yatsenyuk became prime minister in the new government, which was sworn in on 27 February 2014.[96] On 20 March, Yatsenyuk was replaced as the party's leader in the Verkhovna Rada by Sergei Sobolev.[97] Batkivshchyna became the largest party in the Verkhovna Rada (with 85 members) in early June 2014, since more than 120 MP's left the Party of Regions[nb 1] after Yanukovych's impeachment.[15][98][99][100]

Early August the party expelled more than 1,500 members, including more than 700 deputies, in a lustration campaign.[101]

The party has its own Batkivshchyna Battalion that fights in the War in Donbass.[102][103]

2014 parliamentary election[edit]

At Batkivshchyna's party congress on 25 August 2014 it was announced that several high-profile members had decided to leave the party, including Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, Parliamentary Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov, Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov, and Minister of Justice Pavlo Petrenko.[104] Russian media reported that the reason for the departure of Yatsenyuk and Turchynov was due to "disagreements with [party] leader Yulia Tymoshenko".[105]

On 10 September, former party leaders Yatsenyuk and Turchynov became founding members of the new party People's Front.[27] This was 46 days before the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election.[27][107]

Batkivshchyna won 19 seats in the 2014 Ukrainian parliamentary election; barely passing the 5% election threshold with 5.68% of the votes.[42] The 19 seats include the wining of 2 constituency seats for Batkivshchyna candidates.[42] In the election the party lost a large part of its electorate to Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko.[108]

Ideology and stances[edit]

Batkivshchyna has an eclectic set of policies;[109] the party stated it advocates "European values" and "a high level of living for people".[110][111] In the matter of the War in Donbass the party has advocated ending the conflict through the use of force.[9]

The party wants to simplify procedures for opening and closing of businesses.[112] It also wants to "establish a new minimum wage and will raise wages and pensions and lower taxes" and it wants to limit the kinds of taxes to seven and to simplify the methods of payment and "minimise the possibility of tax evasion through offshore companies".[112] It also wants to create a "public non-profit construction company that will build affordable housing".[112]

The party wants a campaign against corruption.[113][112] It advocates an "anti-corruption lustration" whereby state officials' expenses and property values are compared with their tax declarations.[114] If there is a discrepancy, the officials will be criminally charged and banned from public office.[114] It wants to establish a "National Anti-Corruption Bureau" modeled on the FBI (an idea that has circulated in Ukraine since the late 1990s).[114] The party believes that what has been "stolen" through corrupt tenders and insider privatizations should be returned to the state budget.[114] Organizing election fraud will be criminally liable[114] and voting in parliament for absent lawmakers punishable.[114] The party wants to deprive all top government officials of immunity and to continue the lustration in Ukraine.[113]

According to the party, only citizens of Ukraine will have the right to private ownership of land, but "high concentration of land in one hand" will not be allowed.[112]

The party sees Ukrainian membership in the European Union (EU) as a strategic goal.[111][112] It favors visa-free travel for Ukrainians to the EU and wants to "cancel humiliating visa regimes".[112] It would like to see "a mutually beneficial and equitable agreement on the establishment of free trade with Russia".[112] In June 2013, the party's parliamentary faction voted for the denunciation of the 2010 Ukrainian–Russian Naval Base for Natural Gas treaty.[nb 2][116]

The party's 2012 election program did not mention NATO,[114] but its 2014 program stated that the party wants to annul Ukraine's non-aligned status[113] and that it wants Ukraine to become a member of NATO.[117]

The party wants to prosecute "Law enforcement involved in political repression".[114]

The party is in favor of party-list proportional representation elections with open lists.[112][114][118] It also favors Citizens' Initiatives when 50,000 signatures are collected.[clarification needed][112] The party wants to empower local governance.[112]

Government grants[clarification needed] should be awarded to graduates who successfully passed testing for studies at Ukrainian universities.[112]

The basis of Ukraine's health system will be mandatory health inspection and the gradual development of voluntary health insurance by employers.[112]

The party wants to introduce jury trials into the Ukrainian law system and wants to "depoliticise" the process of appointment of judges.[112] It also wants an independent judiciary that will increase the role of the Supreme Court of Ukraine.[114] The Constitutional Court of Ukraine, "which has compromised itself with decisions that were ordered (by the Yanukovych administration)" should be liquidated.[114] It wants the criminal code to be "Europeanized" and law enforcement brought under civil control.[114]

The party wants to improve human rights in Ukraine.[111][112]

The party regards the Holodomor as a genocide of the Ukrainian nation.[111]

Before their removal of power in February 2014 the party sought to impeach former Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and his "anti-people regime" to "return Ukraine to the path of European integration"[114] and it tried to reverse the former Azarov Government policy of raising the status of the Russian language.[110]

Associated and merged parties[edit]

Associated in electoral block[edit]

Merged[edit]

Election Results[edit]

Verkhovna Rada[edit]

Year Popular vote  % of popular vote Overall seats won Seat change Government
2002 Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc
13 / 450
Increase 13 Opposition
2006
71 / 450
Increase 58 Opposition
2007
109 / 450
Increase 38 Coalition government
2012 5,208,402 25.54%
101 / 450
Decrease 8 Opposition
2014 893,549 5.68%
19 / 450
Decrease 82 Coalition government

Presidential elections[edit]

Election year Candidate # of 1st round votes  % of 1st round vote # of 2nd round votes  % of 2nd round vote Won/Loss
2010 Yulia Tymoshenko 6,159,810 25.05 11,593,357 45.47 Loss
2014 Yulia Tymoshenko 2,310,050 12.81 Loss

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Late 2012 the Party of Regions faction contained 210 deputies.[98]
  2. ^ In June 2013 Ukraine's First Deputy Foreign Minister Ruslan Demchenko stated a unilateral denunciation of the 2010 Ukrainian–Russian Naval Base for Natural Gas treaty was not possible from a legal point of view.[115]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Tomenko:Batkivschyna not planning to change its leader Tymoshenko, Kyiv Post (4 December 2012)
  2. ^ a b Batkivschyna to nominate Tymoshenko for presidency, Yatseniuk heads party’s political council, Interfax-Ukraine (14 June 2013)
  3. ^ Sobolev: Referendum could be held simultaneously with second round of presidential elections, Kyiv Post (29 April 2014)
  4. ^ Homepage of the official website of the party
  5. ^ (Ukrainian) Official Website
  6. ^ Young opposition activists stage rally to celebrate resignation of Azarov's government, Kyiv Post (5 December 2012)
  7. ^ a b Nordsieck, Wolfram, Ukraine, Parties and Elections in Europe, retrieved 5 November 2012 
  8. ^ Day, Alan (2002), A Political and Economic Dictionary of Eastern Europe (First ed.), Cambridge International Reference on Current Affairs, p. 212 
  9. ^ a b c d Olszański, Tadeusz A. (17 September 2014), Ukraine’s political parties at the start of the election campaign, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies 
  10. ^ Kuzio, Taras (2006), Kravchuk to the Orange Revolution: The Victory of Civic Nationalism in Post-Soviet Ukraine, After Independence: Making and Protecting the Nation in Postcolonial and Postcommunist States (University of Michigan Press): 204 
  11. ^ Kuzio, Taras (2011), Ukraine: Muddling Along, Central and East European Politics: From Communism to Democracy (Rowman & Littlefield): 359 
  12. ^ "International Democrat Union". IDU. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  13. ^ "Gasprinsessen, mumien og den faldne helt – Verden". Berlingske Tidende. Retrieved 27 August 2013. 
  14. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Європейська народна партія взяла до себе "УДАР" і виключила "Нашу Україну" European People's Party took a "hit" and excluded "Our Ukraine", Ukrayinska Pravda (6 September 2013)
    Member Parties, European People's Party
  15. ^ a b c d (Ukrainian) Депутатські фракції і групи VII скликання Deputy fractions and Groups VII convocation, Verkhovna Rada
  16. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of elections, Central Election Commission
  17. ^ 250 MPs sign up to join coalition - Turchynov, Interfax-Ukraine (27 February 2014)
  18. ^ a b Revolution in Orange: The Origins of Ukraine's Democratic Breakthrough by Anders Aslund and Michael A. McFaul, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2006, ISBN 978-0-87003-221-9
  19. ^ a b State Building in Ukraine: The Ukrainian Parliament, 1990–2003 by Sarah Whitmore, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 978-0-415-33195-1, page 106
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k (Ukrainian) Всеукраїнське об'єднання "Батьківщина" All-Ukrainian Union Batkivshchyna, RBC Ukraine
  21. ^ "There are 208 political parties in Ukraine - "Batkivshchyna" is the one". Vysokyi Val. 2014-06-16. 
  22. ^ a b Parliament passes law on parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (17 November 2011)
  23. ^ a b c After the parliamentary elections in Ukraine: a tough victory for the Party of Regions, Centre for Eastern Studies (7 November 2012)
  24. ^ Party of Regions gets 185 seats in Ukrainian parliament, Batkivschyna 101 – CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (12 November 2012)
  25. ^ a b c They Call Themselves the Opposition, The Ukrainian Week (31 August 2012)
  26. ^ a b Batkivschyna, Front for Change, Reform and Order Party, part of NRU unite for victory – Tymoshenko’s address to congress, Interfax-Ukraine (15 June 2013)
    Tymoshenko re-elected Batkivshchyna leader, Yatseniuk council chair, Ukrinform (15 June 2013)
  27. ^ a b c (Ukrainian)Yatsenyuk became a leader of the "People's Front" political council, while Turchynov is a head of its headquarters. Ukrayinska Pravda. 10 September 2014
    Ukrainian PM, Parliament Speaker to Head Newly Formed Popular Front Party, RIA Novosti (10 September 2014)
  28. ^ [1], Danish Helsinki Committee Report
  29. ^ EU feels let down by Ukraine over Tymoshenko, Euronews (11 October 2011)
  30. ^ "ECHR". Echr.coe.int. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  31. ^ Spillius, Alex. "EU to Kiev: free Yulia Tymoshenko, or no pact". Telegraph. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  32. ^ Ukraine's jailed Tymoshenko calls off hunger strike, Kyiv Post (16 November 2012)
    Chief doctor:Tymoshenko to have recovered from hunger strike by end of this week, Kyiv Post (28 November 2012)
  33. ^ EU leaders:Ratification of Association Agreement and DCFTA depends on settlement of Tymoshenko-Lutsenko issue, Kyiv Post (20 July 2012)
  34. ^ a b Yulia Tymoshenko ends hunger strike after hospital move, BBC News (9 May 2012)
  35. ^ "Ukraine: Yulia Tymoshenko released as country lurches towards split". The Guardian. 22 February 2014. 
  36. ^ "Ukraine's ex-Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko officially rehabilitated - News - World - The Voice of Russia: News, Breaking news, Politics, Economics, Business, Russia, International current events, Expert opinion, podcasts, Video". The Voice of Russia. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  37. ^ Andrew Higgins; Andrew Cramer (21 February 2014). "Embattled Ukraine President Signs Compromise Deal as Parliament Votes to Free His Imprisoned Rival". New York Times. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
  38. ^ a b Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president, BBC News (23 February 2014)
    Ukraine protests timeline, BBC News (23 February 2014)
  39. ^ "Ally of Opposition Icon Tymoshenko Voted Acting Ukraine President". NBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  40. ^ <%= item.timeFlag %>. "ITAR-TASS: World - Ukrainian Supreme Court closes Tymoshenko’s ‘gas case’". En.itar-tass.com. Retrieved 2014-07-26. 
  41. ^ Poroshenko and Yatsenyuk’s parties maneuver for lead role in coalition , Kyiv Post (29 October 2014)
    New Verkhovna Rada, Kyiv Post (Oct. 30, 2014)
  42. ^ a b c Poroshenko Bloc to have greatest number of seats in parliament, Ukrinform (8 November 2014)
    People's Front 0.33% ahead of Poroshenko Bloc with all ballots counted in Ukraine elections - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
    Poroshenko Bloc to get 132 seats in parliament - CEC, Interfax-Ukraine (8 November 2014)
  43. ^ Biography of Yulia Tymoshenko leader of BYUT, Ukraine, Official website of Yulia Tymoshenko
  44. ^ a b c d e (Ukrainian) Всеукраїнське об'єднання „Батьківщина“, Database DATA
  45. ^ Problems with Economic Transformation in Ukraine, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (23 June 1999)
  46. ^ Understanding Ukrainian Politics: Power, Politics, And Institutional Design by Paul D'Anieri, M.E. Sharpe, 2006, ISBN 0-7656-1811-7 (page 117)
  47. ^ a b Democratic Revolution in Ukraine: From Kuchmagate to Orange Revolution by Taras Kuzio, Routledge, 2009, ISBN 0415441412 (chapter 4)
  48. ^ a b Europa World Year Book 2, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 978-1-85743-255-8, p. 4295
  49. ^ (Ukrainian) У "Батьківщину" "влилася" перша партія In "Motherland" "joined" the first party, Ukrayinska Pravda (12 December 2001)
  50. ^ a b Ukraine's Gold-Plaited Comeback Kid, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (23 September 2008)
  51. ^ Laws of Ukraine. Presidential decree No. 144/2005: On the recognition of Y. Tymoshenko as the Prime Minister of Ukraine. Passed on 4 February 2004. (Ukrainian)
  52. ^ Profile: Viktor Yushchenko, BBC News
  53. ^ Virtual Politics – Faking Democracy in the Post-Soviet World, Andrew Wilson, Yale University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-300-09545-7
    Ukraine on Its Meandering Path Between East and West by Andrej Lushnycky and Mykola Riabchuk, Peter Lang, 2009, ISBN 303911607X
    Ukraine at the Crossroads: Velvet Revolution or Belarusification by Olexiy Haran, National University of Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, October 2002
  54. ^ "Youtube". Youtube: Yulia Tymoshenko elected Prime-Minister (in Ukrainian). 18 December 2007. Retrieved 18 December 2007. 
  55. ^ "Ukrainian Parliament Continues Shift Towards Yushchenko". Korrespondent (in Russian). 15 October 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2007. 
  56. ^ Tymoshenko says cabinet won't stay on as caretaker, Kyiv Post (3 March 2010)
    Tymoshenko: Government members will immediately leave offices after Rada's decision on cabinet dismissal, Kyiv Post (3 March 2010)
    MPs desert defeated Ukraine candidate Yulia Tymoshenko, BBC News (21 September 2010)
    Sobolev: Seven MPs from BYT bribed to vote for Tymoshenko's resignation, Kyiv Post (3 March 2010)
  57. ^ Ukraine changes election rules before key vote, Kyiv Post (28 July 2010)
  58. ^ Law: All parties registered in Ukraine will be able to participate in local elections, Kyiv Post (30 August 2010)
  59. ^ Local government elections in Ukraine: last stage in the Party of Regions’ takeover of power, Centre for Eastern Studies (4 October 2010)
  60. ^ (Ukrainian) Results of the elections, preliminary data, on interactive maps by Ukrayinska Pravda (8 November 2010)
  61. ^ Westerners, local observers rip Oct. 31 elections as undemocratic, Kyiv Post (5 November 2010)
  62. ^ European Parliament resolution of 25 November 2010 on Ukraine , European Parliament (25 November 2010)
  63. ^ In Lviv, popular incumbent squares off against Party of Regions-backed candidate, Kyiv Post (29 October 2010)
  64. ^ (Ukrainian) Фракція БЮТ змінила свою назву, STB (16 November 2010)
  65. ^ (Ukrainian) Партії Тимошенко і Луценка об’єднаються у середу?, Ukrayinska Pravda (16 December 2011)
  66. ^ (Ukrainian) Батьківщина та Народна самооборона завтра оголосять про злиття, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (16 December 2011)
  67. ^ Turchynov: Batkivschyna, People's Self-Defense start unification (updated), Kyiv Post (28 December 2011)
  68. ^ Opposition to form single list to participate in parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (2 March 2012)
  69. ^ (Ukrainian) "ФРОНТ ЗМІН" ІДЕ В РАДУ З "БАТЬКІВЩИНОЮ", Ukrayinska Pravda (7 April 2012)
    Yatseniuk wants to meet with Tymoshenko to discuss reunion of opposition, Kyiv Post (7 April 2012)
  70. ^ a b (Ukrainian) Список депутатів нової Верховної Ради, Ukrayinska Pravda (11 November 2012)
  71. ^ MPs Kutovy, Kupchak declare they are leaving Batkivschyna faction, Interfax-Ukraine (6 June 2013)
  72. ^ (Ukrainian) Кутовий і Купчак прийшли від Яценюка, кажуть у "Батьківщині" Kutovy and Kupchak came from Yatsenuk, said the "Homeland", Ukrayinska Pravda (6 June 2013)
  73. ^ Governing Party Claims Victory in Ukraine Elections, The New York Times (28 October 2012)
    Batkivschyna United Opposition, Svoboda agree on single-seat constituencies among their candidates, Kyiv Post (26 July 2012)
  74. ^ Opposition parties join forces ahead of Ukrainian election, EurActiv (16 October 2012)
  75. ^ (Ukrainian) Соціально-християнська партія вирішила приєднатися до об'єднаної опозиції, Den (24 April 2012)
  76. ^ Oppositon to form single list to participate in parliamentary elections, Kyiv Post (2 March 2012)
    (Ukrainian) "ФРОНТ ЗМІН" ІДЕ В РАДУ З "БАТЬКІВЩИНОЮ", Ukrayinska Pravda (7 April 2012)
    Yatseniuk wants to meet with Tymoshenko to discuss reunion of opposition, Kyiv Post (7 April 2012)
  77. ^ (Ukrainian) Tymoshenko and Yatsenyuk united ("Тимошенко та Яценюк об'єдналися"), Ukrayinska Pravda (23 April 2012)
  78. ^ Civil Position party joins Ukraine's united opposition, Kyiv Post (20 June 2012)
  79. ^ Mustafa Dzhemiliov is number 12 on the list of the United Opposition “Fatherland”, Den (2 August 2012)
  80. ^ (Ukrainian) Candidates, RBC Ukraine
  81. ^ (Ukrainian) Proportional votes & Constituency seats, Central Electoral Commission of Ukraine
    % of total seats, Ukrayinska Pravda
  82. ^ Batkivschyna: Father and son Tabalov did not take oath, so they are not deputies, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)
  83. ^ (Ukrainian) Independent National deputies of Ukraine, Verkhovna Rada
  84. ^ Five factions, including Communist Party, registered in parliament, Kyiv Post (12 December 2012)
  85. ^ United opposition, Svoboda sign coalition agreement, Klitschko absent at ceremony, Kyiv Post (19 October 2012)
    Batkivschyna plans to cooperate with Svoboda in parliament, Kyiv Post (13 December 2012)
  86. ^ Batkivschyna, UDAR, Svoboda to create opposition council to coordinate activity in Rada, Kyiv Post (17 December 2012)
  87. ^ (Ukrainian) "Dynamics" in the Batkivshchyna Verkhovna Rada faction, Verkhovna Rada
  88. ^ MPs Kanivets, Skosar say they quit Batkivschyna due to reluctance to participate in Yatseniuk’s ‘show’, Interfax-Ukraine (4 April 2013)
    Stadniychuk, Kozub become MPs instead of Vlasenko, Verevsky, Interfax-Ukraine (19 March 2013)
  89. ^ Batkivschyna, UDAR, Svoboda to coordinate their actions at presidential election, Interfax-Ukraine (16 May 2013)
  90. ^ Ukraine's united opposition discussing formation of single party, Kyiv Post (7 December 2012)
  91. ^ a b Sobolev: Front for Change and Reform and Order Party to join Batkivschyna, Interfax-Ukraine (11 June 2013)
    Front for Change, Reforms and Order to dissolve for merger with Batkivshchyna – Sobolev, Ukrinform (11 June 2013))
  92. ^ Ukraine-Russia relations didn’t get any better, ex-Foreign Minister Borys Tarasiuk says, z i k (5 February 2011)
  93. ^ Ukrainian People's Party, People's Movement Of Ukraine Decide Unite Into Rukh, Elect Kuibida Its Leader, Ukrainian News Agency (19 May 2013)
  94. ^ Rada speaker officially announces expulsion of Kravchuk from Batkivschyna faction, Interfax-Ukraine (4 July 2013)
  95. ^ Ukraine crisis: Key players, BBC News (27 February 2014)
  96. ^ Verkhovna Rada approved composition of new government, ITAR-TASS (27 February 2014)
  97. ^ (Ukrainian) Sobolev heads "Batkivshchyna" in the Rada, Televiziyna Sluzhba Novyn (20 March 2014)
  98. ^ a b It was announced about creation of 5 factions in VRU – Party of Regions, Batkivshchyna, UDAR, Svoboda and CPU, Ukrainian Independent Information Agency (12 December 2012)
  99. ^ Party of Regions keeps losing members, voters, Kyiv Post (8 April 2014)
  100. ^ 20 lawmakers quit Party of Regions faction in Ukrainian parliament, ITAR-TASS (3 June 2014)
  101. ^ http://www.ukrinform.ua/eng/news/batkivshchyna_cleans_ranks_party_expels_1500_people_324793
  102. ^ http://ukr.lb.ua/news/2014/08/01/274888_batalon_batkivshchina_zayavil.html
  103. ^ http://www2.tymoshenko.ua/en/resistance-movement/resistance-movement-battalion-receives-military-equipment/
  104. ^ Ukraine’s next electoral challenge, Washington Post (6 September 2014)
  105. ^ Яценюк и Турчинов возглавили новую украинскую партию "Народный фронт", RIA Novosti (6 September 2014)
  106. ^ Party list of the Association "Batkivshchyna". Central Election Commission of Ukraine.
  107. ^ Ukraine President Poroshenko Calls Snap General Election, Bloomberg News (25 August 2014)
  108. ^ Olszański, Tadeusz A. (29 October 2014), A strong vote for reform: Ukraine after the parliamentary elections, OSW—Centre for Eastern Studies 
  109. ^ Ukraine’s Opposition trying to unite, Den (25 October 2012)
  110. ^ a b Q&A:Ukrainian parliamentary election, BBC News (23 October 2012)
  111. ^ a b c d Ukraine should become full member of EU, says manifest of Batkivschyna, Interfax-Ukraine (15 June 2013)
  112. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o (Ukrainian) Electronic Bulletin "Your Choice – 2012". Issue 4: Batkivshchyna, Ukrainian Center for Independent Political Research (24 October 2012)
  113. ^ a b c Tymoshenko says her party ready to join ruling coalition, Interfax-Ukraine (29 October 2014)
  114. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Ukraine's Opposition Program Requires Another Revolution, The Jamestown Foundation (29 May 2012)
  115. ^ Kyiv cannot denounce Kharkiv accords unilaterally, says Foreign Ministry, Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2013)
  116. ^ Rada fails to support bill on denunciation of Kharkiv accords on Black Sea Fleet basing in Ukraine, Interfax-Ukraine (19 June 2013)
  117. ^ Tymoshenko Says Would Support Pro-European Forces of Ukraine’s New Parliament, RIA Novosti (29/09/2014)
  118. ^ Game of Endurance, The Ukrainian Week (22 February 2013)

External links[edit]