All Aboard Florida

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All Aboard Florida
Type Higher speed rail
Status Under Construction
Locale Florida
Termini Miami, Florida
Orlando, Florida
Stations 4 (planned)
Daily ridership 3 million per year (est.)

2016 Miami to West Palm Beach (planned)

2017 Miami to Orlando (Planned)[1]
Owner Florida East Coast Industries (FECI)
Character At-grade
Line length 240 mi (390 km)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Operating speed

79 mph (127 km/h) Miami – West Palm Beach
110 mph (177 km/h) West Palm Beach – Cocoa

125 mph (201 km/h) Cocoa – Orlando
Route map
0 mi 
0 km 
FEC Mainline to Jacksonville
Orlando International Airport
154 mi 
248 km 
299 mi 
481 km 
West Palm Beach
341 mi 
549 km 
Fort Lauderdale
366 mi 
589 km 
MiamiGovernment Center

All Aboard Florida is a proposed higher-speed rail service which would operate along the Florida East Coast Railway. The proposed service would connect Miami with Orlando via a roughly 240-mile (390 km) route along the Atlantic coast north from Miami to Cocoa, where it would turn west towards Orlando.[2] Startup costs are estimated at $1 billion, including a new 40-mile (64 km) track segment from Cocoa to Orlando. Unlike all other inter-city rail (Amtrak) in the United States the new service would be privately owned and operated by Florida East Coast Railway(FEC).[3] The company did, however, apply for a Federal Railroad Administration loan of an undisclosed amount in March 2013 to at least partially pay for start-up costs.[4]

Feasibility studies into beginning the service began in late 2011, and by the time of the public announcement had progressed into detailed ridership and engineering studies.[2] Service was originally planned to begin in 2014, but in March 2013 an FEC executive said that the start date had been pushed back to late 2015.[5] Even if the new track into Orlando is not completed by the time service begins, connections at Cocoa would be offered.[6]


To cover the distance between Orlando and Miami in the desired time of about three hours, the trains will have to operate with an overall average speed of 80 miles per hour (129 km/h), which is similar to the overall average speed of the Acela Express operating on the Northeast Corridor between New York City and Washington, DC.[7][8] By comparison, the approximate driving time for this distance is about four hours.[9]

Miami to Cocoa[edit]

FEC still owns the former site of its downtown Miami station, as well as other real estate throughout Florida through a subsidiary known as Flagler Development Company. By developing this land in conjunction with the All Aboard Florida system, FEC could turn a profit indirectly. The nine-acre parcel adjacent to Government Center in Downtown Miami, currently used as surface parking, is zoned for 2,500,000 sq ft (232,258 m2) development rights.[10] Here the system would also connect with the existing Metrorail and Metromover systems.

Trains are planned to run at 79 miles per hour (127 km/h) from Miami to West Palm Beach, and 110 miles per hour (177 km/h) from West Palm Beach to Cocoa. The existing track from West Palm Beach to Cocoa would have to be improved to meet federal standards for an increased 110 miles per hour (177 km/h) speed limit from the current 79 mph (127 km/h) limit.[10]

Trains will run at approximately one hour intervals with between 12 and 14 trains per day,[11] a frequency which would necessitate restoration of double-track along the route.[6] Double tracking and other improvements to the line could also help the long planned FEC Corridor Tri-Rail and Amtrak services move ahead.[10]

This segment should also have few problems with sideline delays as most of the freight trains on the FEC travel at relatively high speeds as well as the fact that FEC will likely give priority to its own passenger trains over freight.[12]

Cocoa to Orlando[edit]

The segment of the route between Cocoa and Orlando is the only segment that does not have existing track or right of way owned by the FEC. Originally, it was thought that the Orlando-Orange County Expressway Authority (OOCEA) could accommodate building new tracks for the project within the 300ft wide right of way for the BeachLine Expressway. It was determined that the right of way was too narrow for future expansion of the road, the train and additional utility lines. The Deseret Ranch owns the land just south of the BeachLine and talks have been underway to purchase an additional 200ft for the corridor. As of a pact made on July 16, 2013, the Expressway Authority said it would pay $12 million for an extra 200 ft along the 22-mile BeachLine stretch from Cocoa to near the Orlando International Airport.[13] In early October 2013, the Expressway Authority and All Aboard Florida reached a purchase agreement for the land required for the right-of-way, with construction planned to begin by early 2015. Also in October, the Greater Orlando Aviation Authority Board approved development of a station and maintenance facility on Orlando International Airport property, as well as an easement to build track between the station and mainline to the coast.[14]

This segment of the proposed line will operate at speeds of up to 125 miles per hour (201 km/h). This segment will almost meet the United States Code's definition of high-speed rail, which includes rail services that are "reasonably expected to reach sustained speeds of more than 125 miles per hour".[15] The Congressional Research Service also uses the term "higher" speed rail for top speeds up to 150 miles per hour (241 km/h).[16]

In Orlando, the service would connect to the new SunRail commuter rail system.[9]

Rolling stock[edit]

Artist's rendering of Siemens Charger locomotives, planned to be used for All Aboard Florida

In September 2014, All Aboard Florida announced an order of five trainsets, each consisting of four passenger coaches and two Siemens Charger diesel locomotives at either end. The entire trainset, including passenger cars, will be manufactured by Siemens. Once the route to Orlando is in operation, the initial trainsets will be expanded to seven coaches, and five more complete trainsets will be purchased.[17]


Construction began on the Miami to West Palm Beach section with the laying of new tracks and closure of the temporary surface lots in Government Center, Downtown Miami, in mid 2014.[1] Heavy construction work on the station subsequently began in November 2014.[citation needed]

On October 29, 2014, work on the Fort Lauderdale station began with the demolition of existing buildings on the site.[18]

A groundbreaking ceremony for the West Palm Beach station was held in November 2014.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Chardy, Alfonso (August 25, 2014). "Work begins — finally — on Miami-to-Orlando fast train". Miami Herald. Retrieved August 26, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Florida East Coast Industries to develop private passenger-rail service". Progressive Railroading. March 22, 2012. Archived from the original on March 28, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ "Florida East Coast Industries, Inc. Announces Plans for Private Passenger Rail Service in Florida". Business Wire. March 22, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-22. 
  4. ^ "All Aboard Florida seeks federal loan". Orlando Sentinel. March 18, 2013. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Miami-Orlando train service on track to roll in 2015". Miami Herald. March 18, 2013. Archived from the original on March 22, 2013. Retrieved March 23, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Private passenger train vision calls for double-tracking Florida East Coast". Trains Magazine. March 23, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ "FECI Bringing Private Passenger Rail To Florida By 2014". Metro Jacksonville. Retrieved July 16, 2012. FECI envisions a three-hour trip between the cities at an average speed similar to the Acela between New York and Washington, DC... The initial 240-mile project between Orlando and downtown Miami is expected to cost $1 billion. 
  8. ^ "Acela Express, United States of America". Retrieved May 19, 2012. The 225 mile (362km) New York Penn Station to Washington, DC takes 2 hours 48 minutes, an average of 80mph (129km/h). 
  9. ^ a b Gale, Kevin (March 22, 2012). "Florida East Coast Industries plans Miami-to-Orlando passenger service". South Florida Business Journal. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b c Smith, Stephen (March 29, 2012). "Florida East Coast Industries Announces Ambitious Plan For Private Passenger Rail Service". International Business Times. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  11. ^ Peddie, Matthew (May 18, 2012). "Private Rail Company Says Orlando to Miami Service Possible in Two Years". Transportation Nation. Retrieved May 18, 2012. 
  12. ^ Plumer, Brad (April 3, 2012). "Can passenger rail ever be profitable? Florida’s about to find out.". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 23, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Deal could lead to Miami-Orlando train, extended Osceola toll road". Orlando Sentinel. July 16, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013. 
  14. ^ "All Aboard Florida secures right-of-way, station agreements". Railway Track and Structures. 4 October 2013. Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  15. ^ "US Code Title 49 § 26105 – Definitions". US Code Title 49. Retrieved May 19, 2012. 
  16. ^ "The Development of High Speed Rail in the United States: Issues and Recent Events". Congressional Research Service. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 
  17. ^ "All Aboard Florida Selects Siemens as Train Manufacturer". Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "All Aboard Florida begins construction of Fort Lauderdale station". Trains Magazine. October 29, 2014. Retrieved October 31, 2014. 

External links[edit]