All Hallows-on-the-Wall

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All Hallows-on-the-Wall
Photo of All Hallows-on-the-Wall
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Architecture
Architect(s) George Dance the Younger

All Hallows-on-the-Wall is a Church of England church located in the City of London. It is situated adjacent to London Wall, the former city wall, at Broad Street.

History[edit]

The present church was constructed by George Dance the Younger in 1767,[1] replacing an earlier church built some time in the early 12th century on a bastion of the old Roman wall.[2] It became renowned for its hermits, who lived in cells in the church. All Hallows escaped destruction in the Great Fire of London in 1666 due to its position under the wall, but subsequently fell into dereliction.

Dance rebuilt the church when he was only 24 years old.[3] He had recently returned from Italy where he had conducted detailed studies of Classical buildings. The new All Hallows took its inspiration from the Classical world and was remarkably simple in form, with no aisles;[4] its interior consists solely of a barrel-vaulted nave with a half-dome apse at the far end, with decoration deriving from the ancient Temple of Venus and Rome in the city of Rome. Attached Ionic columns support a frieze, rather than the usual entablature. The exterior is plain and of brick, except for the stone- faced tower above the porch at the west end.[5]

All Hallows was damaged during the Second World War but was restored in the early 1960s.[6] It is a guild church associated with the Worshipful Company of Carpenters, which has held its annual elections in the church for over 600 years. Until 1994, it was the headquarters of the Council for the Care of Churches. It is still occasionally used for services. It is now the home for a number of charitable organisations.

The church was designated a Grade I listed building on 4 January 1950.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “The Old Churches of London” Cobb,G: London, Batsford, 1942
  2. ^ "The London Encyclopaedia" Hibbert,C;Weinreb,D;Keay,J: London, Pan Macmillan, 1983 (rev 1993,2008) ISBN 978-1-4050-4924-5
  3. ^ His brother Nathaniel painted the portrait above the altar "The City of London Churches" Betjeman,J Andover, Pikin, 1967 ISBN 0-85372-112-2
  4. ^ The Visitors Guide to the City of London Churches" Tucker,T: London, Friends of the City Churches, 2006 ISBN 0-9553945-0-3
  5. ^ Godwin, George; John Britton (1839). The Churches of London: A History and Description of the Ecclesiastical Edifices of the Metropolis. London: C. Tilt. 
  6. ^ "London:the City Churches"Pevsner,N/Bradley,S : New Haven, Yale, 1998 ISBN 0-300-09655-0
  7. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (199594)". Images of England.  accessed 23 January 2009

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′59.77″N 0°5′3.60″W / 51.5166028°N 0.0843333°W / 51.5166028; -0.0843333