All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

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All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
کل ہند مجلس اتحاد المسلمين
Leader Asaduddin Owaisi
Chairperson Asaduddin Owaisi
Leader in Lok Sabha Asaduddin Owaisi
Founded 1927
Headquarters Darussalam, Aghapura, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Newspaper Etemaad Daily (Urdu)
Ideology Islamism
Islamic democracy
Religious conservatism
Political position Right wing
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
7 / 294
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul Muslimeen or AIMIM (translation: All India Council of the Union of Muslims) is a Muslim political party in India headquartered at Hyderabad. It has retained Hyderabad Lok Sabha seat since 1984. In 2009 Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly elections, AIMIM won seven seats. It has a huge Presence in and around the City of Hyderabad.

In the Hyderabad Municipality election of 2009 AIMIM won 43 seats (out of 150) in the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad.[1] The current Mayor of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Mohammad Majid Hussain.[2]

100% of their MPs who contested in 2009 elections were candidates with pending criminal cases in their name. [3][4] Party president Asaduddin Owaisi won Sansad Ratna award for his outstanding performance in lok sabha..

History[edit]

The party has roots back to the days of the princely State of Hyderabad. It was founded and shaped by Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan Qiledar of Hyderabad State by the advice of Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad and in the presence of Ulma-e-Mashaeqeen in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party. Then it was only Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) and the first meeting was held in the house of Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan on November 12, 1927. The MIM advocated the set up of a Muslim dominion rather than integration with India. In 1938 Bahadur Yar Jung was elected President of the MIM which had a cultural and religious manifesto. It soon acquired political complexion and became aligned with the Muslim League in British India.

The Razakars (volunteers), a Muslim paramilitary organization aimed at resisting merger with India, was linked to the MIM. In total up to 150,000 Razakar soldiers were mobilized to fight against the Indian Union and for the independence of the Hyderabad State against Indian integration. After the integration of the Hyderabad state with India, the MIM was banned in 1948. The Razakar leader Qasim Rizvi was jailed from 1948 to 1957, and then he was released on the condition to go to Pakistan, where he was granted asylum.[5]

Before leaving, Qasim Rizvi handed over the responsibility of whatever remained of the Ittehadul Muslimeen, to Abdul Wahid Owaisi,a lawyer. Abdul Wahed Owaisi restructured the Party and Organised it into All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[6][7] After Abdul Wahed Owaisi, his son Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi took control of AIMIM in 1975 and was referred to as Salar E Millat (commander of the community).[8][9]

AIMIM in Indian Politics[edit]

Abdul Wahid Owaisi - Revived AIMIM in 1958
Late Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi emerged as a supremo of AIMIM

In 1960, AIMIM won the Mallepally ward of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. In 1962, Salahuddin won from Patharghatti assembly seat as an Independent candidate and later from Charminar constituency in 1967. In 1972, he won from Yakutpura and later in 1978, again from Charminar.

In 1984 AIMIM emerged victorious in the Hyderabad Lok Sabha Seat and Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi represented Hyderabad till 2004. Since then, Salahuddin's elder son Asaduddin Owaisi represents the seat of Hyderabad.[10][11][12] Mohammad Majid Hussain of the AIMIM was unanimously elected as the Mayor of Greater Hyderabad on January 2, 2012.[13]

On 12 November 2012, Asaduddin Owaisi announced the withdrawal of support to the UPA government citing communal policies of the current congress led government.[14][15]

AIMIM made its entry into Maharashtra state by winning 13 seats in Nanded-Waghala city municipal council polls held on October 2012.[16] AIMIM made its entry into Karnataka state by winning 6 seats in Karnataka local body elections held in March 2013.[citation needed]

Non-Communalism[edit]

Even though party has stronghold in Muslims[by whom?] of Hyderabad city, the Party has fielded many Hindus[by whom?] in various assembly and local body elections[citation needed]. The AIMIM selected Sri Alampally Pochiah as its First Mayor in the City. A Muralidhar Reddy, Hindu candidate being fielded for an assembly seat by Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen from Rajendranagar constituency.[17]

Interestingly in 2013 local elections party fielded V.Bhanumathi and won election against Hajira Sultana from congress by 1282 votes.[18]

Election History[edit]

Loksabha[edit]

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
1989 8 1 NA Steady0
1991 1 1 0.17%
1996 4 1 0.10%
1998 1 1 0.13% Steady0
1999 1 1 0.12% Steady0
2005 2 1 0.11% Steady0
2009 1 1 70.07% Steady0

source

Andhra Pradesh Assembly[edit]

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
1989 35 4 1.99% -
1994 20 1 0.70% Decrease3
1999 5 4 1.08% Increase3
2004 7 4 1.05% Steady0
2009 8 7 0.83% Increase3

source

Present Leaders[edit]

Criticism[edit]

In 2007, elected and serving members of the party made threats against Tasleema Nasreen,[19] pledging that the fatwa against her and Salman Rushdie were to be abided by.[20] While she was in Hyderabad releasing Telugu translations of her work, she was attacked by party members, 3 of whom were then charged and arrested.[21]

AIMIM party leaders, has been repeatedly involved in making controversial speeches, violence and spreading religious hatred starting from Akbaruddin's grandfather, Maulana Abdul Wahed Owaisi who was arrested in 1958 for inflammatory speeches.[22] In January 2013, AIMIM Floor leader Akbaruddin Owaisi was arrested for sedition, criminal conspiracy, waging war against India and creating enmity between communities.[23] Current leader Asaduddin Owaisi and Akbarruddin was also booked for charges related to man handling the Medak district collector in 2005.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GHMC Results, Congress leading. Siasat (2009-11-26). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  2. ^ "MIM's Hussain elected Mayor of Hyderabad - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  3. ^ "Criminalization Of Politics". satyamevjayate. 
  4. ^ "Pending Criminal Cases of MPs (Lok Sabha 2009 Election)". Association for Democratic Reforms. 
  5. ^ Article in the Hindu on AIMIM. Hindu.com (2003-04-27). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  6. ^ "MIM, the game changer in 2014 elections? - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  7. ^ "Majlis sounds election bugle". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2013-03-02. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  8. ^ Songs in praise of Owaisi herald MIM's campaign – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2004-02-16). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  9. ^ MIM president Salahuddin Owaisi passes away | Indian Muslims. Indianmuslims.info. Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  10. ^ Salar bids goodbye to elections – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2004-03-26). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  11. ^ MIM President Salahuddin Owaisi passes away. TwoCircles.net. Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  12. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : A veteran of many battles. The Hindu (2008-09-30). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  13. ^ "Majid Hussain is the new Mayor of Greater Hyderabad". NDTV.com. 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  14. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  15. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  16. ^ "MIM shows good performance in Nanded city Municipal polls". TwoCircles.net. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  17. ^ "Who is this Hindu candidate of MIM ? - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  18. ^ "MIM’s Hindu candidate defeats Congress Muslim candidate in local election". TwoCircles.net. 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  19. ^ "MLA vows to 'behead' Taslima Nasreen". IBN Live. Aug 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  20. ^ "MIM vows to implement ‘fatwa’ against Taslima". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Aug 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  21. ^ "Hyderabad police lodge case against Taslima Nasreen". rediff. August 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  22. ^ "Hate speech not new for Owaisi clan". Times of India. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  23. ^ Reddy, Sudhakar; Pillalamarri, Srinivas (10 January 2013). "Sedition case against Akbaruddin Owaisi". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 11 January 2013. "The police added Section 124 A (sedition), 120 B (criminal conspiracy), 188 (disobeying the orders promulgated by public servant), 295 A (deliberate and malicious act to outrage religious feelings), 505 (public mischief) on Wednesday in the remand diary. This is in addition to Sections 121 (waging war against the nation) and 153 A IPC (creating enmity between communities) that Owaisi and others were initially charged with." 
  24. ^ MIM President Asaduddin Owaisi Placed in Judicial Custody for 2005 Medak Abuse Case. International Business Times (21 Jan 2013)

External links[edit]