All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen

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All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen
کل ہند مجلس اتحاد المسلمين
Leader Asaduddin Owaisi
Chairperson Asaduddin Owaisi
Founder Kasim Razvi
Leader in Lok Sabha Asaduddin Owaisi
Founded 1926
Headquarters Darussalam, Aghapura, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Newspaper Etemaad Daily (Urdu)
Ideology Islamic [1]
Political position Islamic
ECI Status State Party [2]
Seats in Lok Sabha
1 / 543
Seats in Rajya Sabha
0 / 245
Seats in Legislative Assembly
7 / 119
(Telangana)
2 / 288
(Maharashtra)
Election symbol
kite
Website
www.aimim.in
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

All India Majlis-e-Ittehad-ul Muslimeen or AIMIM (translation: All India Council of the Union of Muslims) is a Muslim political party in Hyderabad, India. It has retained Hyderabad Lok Sabha seat since 1984. In 2014 Telangana Legislative Assembly elections, AIMIM won seven seats. Till April 2014,AIMIM was not even a recognised state-level party by Election Commission of India(because AIMIM did not meet the requirement of securing 6% of the total valid votes polls in the last general election, or winning 9 Assembly seats).[3][4][5][6][7][8][9] In June 2014,Election Commission of India recoganised AIMIM as state party in Telangana.[2][10] AIMIM was basically a city-based party,with its influence only in Old Hyderabad but later,the party won 2 seats in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 2014.[11] Party president and member of parliament Asaduddin Owaisi won the Sansad Ratna Award for his outstanding performance in Lok Sabha.

History

See also: Kasim Razvi

The party has roots back to the days of the princely State of Hyderabad. It was founded and shaped by Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan Qiledar of Hyderabad State by the advice of Nawab Mir Osman Ali Khan, the Nizam of Hyderabad and in the presence of Ulma-e-Mashaeqeen in 1927 as a pro-Nizam party. Then it was only Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (MIM) and the first meeting was held in the house of Nawab Mahmood Nawaz Khan on November 12, 1927. The MIM advocated the set up of a Muslim dominion rather than integration with India. In 1938 Bahadur Yar Jung was elected President of the MIM which had a cultural and religious manifesto. It soon acquired political complexion and became aligned with the Muslim League in British India.

The Razakars (volunteers), a Muslim paramilitary organization aimed at resisting merger with India, was linked to the MIM. In total up to 150,000 Razakar soldiers were mobilized to fight against the Indian Union and for the independence of the Hyderabad State against Indian integration. After the integration of the Hyderabad state with India, the MIM was banned in 1948. The Razakar leader Qasim Rizvi was jailed from 1948 to 1957, and then he was released on the condition to go to Pakistan, where he was granted asylum.[12]

Before leaving, Qasim Rizvi handed over the responsibility of whatever remained of the Ittehadul Muslimeen, to Abdul Wahid Owaisi,a lawyer. Abdul Wahed Owaisi restructured the Party and Organised it into All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen.[13][14] After Abdul Wahed Owaisi, his son Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi took control of AIMIM in 1975 and was referred to as Salar E Millat (commander of the community).[15][16]

Party Vision and Mission

The All India Majlis Ittehad ul Muslimeen (AIMIM) is a political party dedicated to protect and advance the rights of Muslims communities in India. It bears true faith and allegiance to the Islam. MIM had to change its vision after Nizam rule ended and sweeping changes were made in its vision according to the Indian Constiution. It strongly believes in the nation’s democracy and strives to protect and enhance its quality by effective representation from local municipal councils to the parliament.[17]

AIMIM in Indian Politics

Abdul Wahid Owaisi - Revived AIMIM in 1958
Late Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi emerged as a supremo of AIMIM

In 1960, AIMIM won the Mallepally ward of Hyderabad Municipal Corporation. In 1962, Salahuddin won from Patharghatti assembly seat as an Independent candidate and later from Charminar constituency in 1967. In 1972, he won from Yakutpura and later in 1978, again from Charminar.

In 1984 AIMIM emerged victorious in the Hyderabad Lok Sabha Seat and Sultan Salahuddin Owaisi represented Hyderabad till 2004. Since then, Salahuddin's elder son Asaduddin Owaisi represents the seat of Hyderabad.[18][19][20] Mohammad Majid Hussain of the AIMIM was unanimously elected as the Mayor of Greater Hyderabad on January 2, 2012.[21]

AIMIM was once reduced to 1 Assembly seat in Andhra Pradesh in 1994.[22] On 12 November 2012, Asaduddin Owaisi announced the withdrawal of support to the UPA government citing communal policies of the current congress led government.[23][24]

In the Hyderabad Municipality election of 2009 AIMIM won 43 out of 150 seats in the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad[25] and appointed the current Mayor of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Mohammad Majid Hussain.[26]

All of their MPs who contested in 2009 elections were candidates with pending criminal cases in their name.[27][28][29] Party president Asaduddin Owaisi won Sansad Ratna award for his outstanding performance in lok Sabha.[30]

AIMIM made its entry into Maharashtra state by winning 13 seats in Nanded-Waghala city municipal council polls held on October 2012.[31] AIMIM made its entry into Karnataka state by winning 6 seats in Karnataka local body elections held in March 2013.[citation needed] In 2014 Elections,AIMIM contested on 35 MLA(20 in Telangana and 15 in Seemandhra) and 6 MP seats in undivided Andhra Pradesh,but was not able to win any extra seat and won same 7 Assembly seats and 1 lone Lok Sabha seat of Old Hyderabad city.[32]

In 2014 elections,in its efforts to win a majority of divisions in the Nizamabad comprising a sizeable Muslim population and also the urban Assembly seat, the MIM this time focused its attention on the constituency giving it the second priority after state capital Hyderabad.[33] MIM won 16 divisions, as much as the Congress, of the total 50 in Nizamabad city Municipal Corporation.[34] However to their hard luck they lost the assembly seat to TRS.[35] Later on MIM made an alliance with TRS for sharing posts in Nizamabad.MIM also bagged the Bhainsa municipality by winning 12 wards after a gap of 10 years.[36]

Non-Muslim candidates for AIMIM

The Party has fielded Hindus in various assembly and local body elections.[37][38][39][40][41] The AIMIM selected Alampally Pochiah as its First Mayor in the City.[42] MIM had three Hindu Hyderabad mayors- K. Prakash Rao, A. Satyanarayana and Alampalli Pochaiah.[43] A Muralidhar Reddy, Hindu candidate being fielded for an assembly seat by Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen from Rajendranagar constituency,though he lost the election.[44]

Interestingly in 2013 local elections party fielded a woman candidate from Hindu OBC,V.Bhanumathi and won election against Hajira Sultana from congress by 1282 votes.[45]

Election History

Loksabha

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
1989 89+ 1 NA Steady0
1991 1 1 0.17%
1996 4 1 0.10%
1998 1 1 0.13% Steady0
1999 1 1 0.12% Steady0
2005 2 1 0.11% Steady0
2009 2 1 0.73% Steady0
2014 5 1 1.4% Steady0

source

Andhra Pradesh Assembly

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
1989 5 4 1.99% -
1994 5 1 0.70% Decrease3
1999 5 4 1.08% Increase3
2004 7 4 1.05% Steady0
2009 20 7 0.83% Increase3
2014 15 0 NA NA

source

Telangana Assembly

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
2014 20 7 3.8% -

AIMIM gets Telangana state party recognition – indtoday.com [46]

Maharashtra Assembly

Year Seats Contested Seats Won Vote Share Seat change
2014 24 2 - -

source[47]

Present Leaders

Criticism

In 2007, elected and serving members of the party made threats against Tasleema Nasreen,[48] pledging that the fatwa against her and Salman Rushdie were to be abided by.[49] While she was in Hyderabad releasing Telugu translations of her work, she was attacked by party members, 3 of whom were then charged and arrested.[50]

AIMIM party leaders, has been repeatedly involved in making controversial speeches, violence and spreading religious hatred starting from Akbaruddin's grandfather, Maulana Abdul Wahed Owaisi who was arrested in 1958 for inflammatory speeches.[51] In January 2013, AIMIM Floor leader Akbaruddin Owaisi was arrested for sedition, criminal conspiracy, waging war against India and creating enmity between communities and for his speeches in Nizamabad and Nirmal.[52][53][54] Current leader Asaduddin Owaisi and Akbarruddin was also booked for charges related to man handling the Medak district collector in 2005.[55] Some of MIM MLAs have also been booked for hate speeches.[56][57][58]

Other work

AIMIM contributed Rs 78.75 lakh towards relief funds for Uttarakhand flood victims in 2013.[59][60]

References

  1. ^ MIM (2014-01-20). "History | All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen". Aimim.in. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  2. ^ a b Special Correspondent. "MIM gets State party recognition". The Hindu. 
  3. ^ "List of Political Parties and Election Symbols main Notification Dated 18.01.2013". India: Election Commission of India. 2013. Retrieved 9 May 2013. 
  4. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Result Status 2014". 
  5. ^ "MIM’s ‘kite’ flies away, unrecognised registered party gets symbol instead". Deccan Chronicle. 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  6. ^ "MBT wins kite fight, MIM to watch TV". Times of India. 2004-01-04. Retrieved 2004-04-19. 
  7. ^ "Erosion of support base in Telangana sends panic-stricken Owaisi into rabble-rousing mode". NitiCentral. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  8. ^ "Andhra Pradesh state results". EIC. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  9. ^ "Owaisi's AIMIM going it alone in search of larger footprint in Andhra, Telangana". IndiaToday. 2014-01-04. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  10. ^ "Election Commission of India has recognized the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul muslimeen as a state party for the state of Telengana..!!!". All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen. 
  11. ^ "‘Outsider’ MIM makes maiden entry into Maharashtra Assembly, MNS bubble bursts". Indian Express. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-20. 
  12. ^ Article in the Hindu on AIMIM. Hindu.com (2003-04-27). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  13. ^ "MIM, the game changer in 2014 elections? - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  14. ^ "Majlis sounds election bugle". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2013-03-02. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  15. ^ Songs in praise of Owaisi herald MIM's campaign – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2004-02-16). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  16. ^ MIM president Salahuddin Owaisi passes away | Indian Muslims. Indianmuslims.info. Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  17. ^ MIM (2014-01-20). "About the Party | All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen". Aimim.in. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  18. ^ Salar bids goodbye to elections – Times Of India. Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com (2004-03-26). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  19. ^ MIM President Salahuddin Owaisi passes away. TwoCircles.net. Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  20. ^ Andhra Pradesh / Hyderabad News : A veteran of many battles. The Hindu (2008-09-30). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  21. ^ "Majid Hussain is the new Mayor of Greater Hyderabad". NDTV.com. 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  22. ^ "Hyderabad". Hindustan Times. 2004-04-04. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  23. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  24. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen withdraws support to Andhra Pradesh government and UPA - Economic Times". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  25. ^ GHMC Results, Congress leading. Siasat (2009-11-26). Retrieved on 2012-05-05.
  26. ^ "MIM's Hussain elected Mayor of Hyderabad - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  27. ^ "Criminalization Of Politics". satyamevjayate. 
  28. ^ "Pending Criminal Cases of MPs (Lok Sabha 2009 Election)". Association for Democratic Reforms. 
  29. ^ 2014 data
  30. ^ "Top performing MPs to be honoured with Sansad Ratna Award". Indiatomorrow.net. 2013-12-25. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  31. ^ "MIM shows good performance in Nanded city Municipal polls". TwoCircles.net. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  32. ^ "Greater Hyderabad holds the key - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2014-06-05. 
  33. ^ Staff Reporter. "MIM to field Mir Majaj Ali from Nizamabad". The Hindu. 
  34. ^ "Big gains for MIM in civic body polls". The Times of India. 
  35. ^ Staff Reporter. "MIM improves position in Nizamabad". The Hindu. 
  36. ^ "All India Majlis Ittehadul Muslimeen scores historic ton in Andhra municipal polls". Deccan Chronicle. 
  37. ^ "MIM's Hindu candidate defeats a Muslim in Hyderabad by election". Siasat. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  38. ^ "Hyderabad:MIM gives ticket to Hindu candidate - IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 2009-04-01. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  39. ^ "Who is this Hindu candidate of MIM ? - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  40. ^ "MIM Announces Nine More Assembly Candidates, 1 LS". The New Indian Express. 2014-04-09. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  41. ^ "MIM candidates in fray from 4 LS, 21 Assembly seats in Telangana". Siasat. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 
  42. ^ "MBT determined to get even with MIM". 
  43. ^ "Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen to contest from Telangana, Andhra Pradesh". Deccan Chronicle. 
  44. ^ "Who is this Hindu candidate of MIM ? - The Times of India". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  45. ^ "MIM’s Hindu candidate defeats Congress Muslim candidate in local election". TwoCircles.net. 2013-03-20. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  46. ^ http://www.indtoday.com/aimim-gets-telangana-state-party-recognition-indtoday-com/
  47. ^ "Asaduddin Owaisi's party makes its debut in Maharashtra, wins two seats". India Today. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 2014-10-20. 
  48. ^ "MLA vows to 'behead' Taslima Nasreen". IBN Live. Aug 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  49. ^ "MIM vows to implement ‘fatwa’ against Taslima". The Hindu (Chennai, India). Aug 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  50. ^ "Hyderabad police lodge case against Taslima Nasreen". rediff. August 11, 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2012. 
  51. ^ "Hate speech not new for Owaisi clan". Times of India. 10 January 2013. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  52. ^ PTI. "Akbaruddin appears in Nirmal court for hate speech case". The Hindu. 
  53. ^ Reddy, Sudhakar; Pillalamarri, Srinivas (10 January 2013). "Sedition case against Akbaruddin Owaisi". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 11 January 2013. "The police added Section 124 A (sedition), 120 B (criminal conspiracy), 188 (disobeying the orders promulgated by public servant), 295 A (deliberate and malicious act to outrage religious feelings), 505 (public mischief) on Wednesday in the remand diary. This is in addition to Sections 121 (waging war against the nation) and 153 A IPC (creating enmity between communities) that Owaisi and others were initially charged with." 
  54. ^ "DECCAN BUZZ: Playing with religious fire". Mail Online. 
  55. ^ MIM President Asaduddin Owaisi Placed in Judicial Custody for 2005 Medak Abuse Case. International Business Times (21 Jan 2013)
  56. ^ Special Correspondent. "Is MIM MLA Pasha Quadri next in line?". The Hindu. 
  57. ^ "Case against MIM MLA Pasha Quadri". The Times of India. 
  58. ^ "Telangana Rashtra Samiti charges MIM MLA Pasha Quadri of objectionable remarks on Mahatma Gandhi statue". 
  59. ^ "MIM announces relief for victims of Uttarkhand cal". Zee News. 
  60. ^ "AIMIM announces relief worth Rs 78.75 lakh for Uttarakhand victims". 

External links

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