All Saints' Church, Hertford

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All Saints' Church, Hertford
All Saints', Hertford with St John's, Hertford Heath
All Saints' Church, Hertford, from the southwest
All Saints' Church, Hertford is located in Hertfordshire
All Saints' Church, Hertford
All Saints' Church, Hertford
Location in Hertfordshire
Coordinates: 51°47′42″N 0°04′33″W / 51.7950°N 0.0757°W / 51.7950; -0.0757
OS grid reference TL 328,125
Location Queens Road, Hertford, Hertfordshire
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website All Saints, Hertford
History
Former name(s) All Hallows, Hertford
Founded ?700 AD
Dedication All Saints
Consecrated 20 February 1895
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II*
Designated 12 April 1973
Architect(s) Paley, Austin and Paley
Austin and Paley
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
(Perpendicular)
Groundbreaking 1893
Completed 1905
Specifications
Capacity 800
Height 140 feet (42.7 m)
Materials Runcorn sandstone
Administration
Parish All Saints with
St. John, Hertford
Deanery Hertford and Ware
Archdeaconry Hertford
Diocese St Albans
Province Canterbury
Clergy
Rector Revd Canon Jo Loveridge BA MTh AKC
Curate(s) Rev Ginni Dear
Assistant priest Revd Gerry Booker
Laity
Reader(s) Janet Bird
Geoffrey Oates
Organist/Director of music Martin Penny MA (Oxon) FRCO
Organist(s) Christopher Joyce Ph D
Organ scholar Michael Stephens Jones
Chapter clerk Kay Povey-Richards
Churchwarden(s) Janet Bird
Janet Oldham
Flower guild Dorothy Toyn
Music group(s) Samantha Chadwick
Parish administrator Martin Penny

All Saints' Church, Hertford, is located in Queens Road, Hertford, Hertfordshire, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the deanery of Hertford and Ware, the archdeaconry of Hertford. and the diocese of St Albans. It is the civic church of the town and of the county.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[2] It is the largest church in Hertfordshire, other than St Albans Cathedral, and can seat up to 1,000 people.[3]

History[edit]

The parish dates back to before the 10th century,[2] and a church was present on the site at the time of the Domesday Survey.[3] This church was replaced during the 15th century by a church with a cruciform plan and a west tower.[2] The parish of All Saints was merged with that of St John in the 17th century.[3] On 22 December 1891 the church was destroyed by fire. A competition was held to design a new church, which was won by the Lancaster firm of architects, Paley, Austin and Paley. The foundation stone was laid on 25 March 1893 and the new church was consecrated by the Bishop of St Albans on 20 February 1895.[3][4] The insurance for the old church paid only £2.800 (£270,000 in 2014),[5] toward the cost, and a further £12,500 (£1,260,000 in 2014) was raised by public subscription.[3] In 1904–05 the church was completed at the west end and by adding the tower. This was done by the Lancaster practice, now known as Austin and Paley, and cost £10,366 (£970,000 in 2014).[6] In 1934 the Memorial Chapel was completed to the memory of those who died in the First World War. New glass doors were added at the west end of the church in 2003.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in red Runcorn sandstone,[a] with lead and tiled roofs. Its architectural style is Gothic Revival (Perpendicular). The plan consists of a nave with a clerestory, north and south aisles, a northwest porch, a north transept, a chancel with a north vestry, a south chapel, and a west tower. The tower is in three stages, with a half-octagonal stair turret on the north side, and buttresses at the angles. It has a west door above which is a five-light window. In the middle stage are two-light windows and clock faces on all sides. The top stage contains two-light louvreed bell openings, one on the north side, and two on the others. The parapet is castellated and traceried, with gargoyles at the corners, and crocketed pinnacles rising from the corners and the centre of each side. The summit of the stair turret is also castellated, and is surmounted by a spirelet. The aisles are divided into bays by buttresses, each bay containing a three-light window. The clerestory has two two-light flat-headed windows in each bay. At the northwest corner of the church is a two-storey hexagonal porch, with angle buttresses, and two-light windows. On each side of the church, at the junction of the nave and chancel, are octagonal turrets with castellated parapets and low domes. In the north transept is a five-light window, and the vestry has two- and three-light windows. The south chapel has three bays, two-light windows on the south side, and a four-light window on the east side. The east window of the chancel has seven lights.[2] On the side walls of the chancel are panels carved with texts; on the north side the text is from Psalm 103, and on the south side it is from the Te Deum.[3]

Interior[edit]

The tower is supported by large octagonal piers. The six-bay arcades are carried on octagonal columns. At the entrance to the south chapel is an oak screen inserted in 1961. Two steps lead up from the nave to the chancel. The alabaster reredos, presented to the church in 1914, contains a carved panel depicting the Last Supper and four saints. In the south wall of the chancel is a small piscina and a twin sedilia. The half-octagonal sandstone pulpit is attached to the pier between the nave and the chancel. The font is of polished fossil limestone, and consists of a carved octagonal bowl carried on a column. The stained glass in the east window, dated 1900, is by Kempe.[2] The stained glass in the east window of the Memorial Chapel was designed by J .N. C. Bewsey, and depicts four martyrs. The glass on the north side of the church is by Shrigley and Hunt.[3] The memorials include fragments of brasses surviving from the earlier church dating from the 15th century. The chapel contains a marble memorial to the 1st Battalion of the Hertfordshire Regiment, designed in 1921 by Reginald Blomfield.[2] The three-manual organ dates from 1899 to 1900, and was made by Henry Willis & Sons. Additions were made to it by the same firm in 1910.[8] It was rebuilt in 1971 by Cedric Arnold, Williamson & Hyatt following fire damage.[9] It was rebuilt again with some additions in 2001 by the Village Workshop.[10] There is a ring of ten bells, all cast in 1907 by Mears and Stainbank at the Whitechapel Bell Foundry.[11]

Organ[edit]

The organ was installed in 1898 by Henry Willis. The casework was installed, along with a new pedal stop, in 1913. The organ was hand-blown until 1923 when an electric blower was installed. The original specification, including 'prepared for' stops such as the Pedal Ophicleide (1971) and Great Clarion (2001) can be found in the National Pipe Organ Register at N14556.[12] In 1971 the firm of Arnold, Williamson & Hyatt of Thaxted, overhauled the organ. A total of sixteen new stops were added, mostly in line with proposals Willis made, completing the choruses of Great and Swell, adding mutations to the Choir and enhancing the Pedal. The 1971 specification is stored at N13066 [13] Between November 2000 and April 2001 the Village Workshop restored the organ. The work was in three parts: the complete overhaul of all the leatherwork (most dated from 1899); enhancements to the action and piston control systems; the addition of new stops: a Fanfare Trumpet, Great Clarion (as Willis intended) and 32' Reed (installed in October 2001). All the new pipe-work was specially made to match the Willis originals.[14]

External features[edit]

In the churchyard are a number of memorials, all of which have been designated as Grade II listed buildings. They consists of a chest tomb in white Portland stone dated 1774,[15] a chest tomb in stuccoed brick dating from the 18th century,[16] two stone gravestones from the 18th century,[17] a headstone in carved Portland stone dated 1711,[18] and a group of six headstones dating from the late 18th and early 19th centuries.[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner remarked that the church, because it is built of Runcorn stone (from Cheshire), and designed by an architectural practice from Lancashire, "is completely alien" in Hertfordshire.[7]

Citations

  1. ^ All Saints, Hertford, Church of England, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  2. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage. "Church of All Saints with St John, Hertford (1268783)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h History, All Saints, Hertford, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  4. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, pp. 150–152, 208, 240.
  5. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  6. ^ Brandwood et al. 2012, p. 245.
  7. ^ Cherry & Pevsner 1977, pp. 185–186.
  8. ^ Hertfordshire, Hertford, All Saints (N14556), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  9. ^ Hertfordshire, Hertford, All Saints (N13066), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  10. ^ Hertfordshire, Hertford, All Saints (R00207), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  11. ^ Hertford, All Saints, Dove's Guide for Church Bell Ringers, retrieved 10 December 2011 
  12. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register - NPOR". npor.org.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register - NPOR". npor.org.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "The National Pipe Organ Register - NPOR". npor.org.uk. Retrieved 6 June 2014. 
  15. ^ English Heritage. "Chest tomb approximately 31 meters north of vestry door of Church of All Saints, Hertford (1268784)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Chest tomb approximately 50 metres southeast of Church of All Saints, Hertford (1268785)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  17. ^ English Heritage. "2 gravestones 8 metres west of north porch of Church of All Saints, Hertford (1268786)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  18. ^ English Heritage. "Headstone approximately 10 metres southeast of south aisle of Church of All Saints, Hertford (1268787)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 
  19. ^ English Heritage. "Group of 6 headstones approximately 41 metres southeast of church tower of Church of All Saints, Hertford (1268788)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 December 2011. 

Bibliography

Further reading[edit]

  • Lovejoy, James Allen (1948), The story of All Saints' Hertford, British Publishing Company