All Saints Church, Thornton Hough

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
All Saints Church, Thornton Hough
All Saints Church, Thornton Hough, from the southeast
All Saints Church, Thornton Hough is located in Merseyside
All Saints Church, Thornton Hough
All Saints Church, Thornton Hough
Location in Merseyside
Coordinates: 53°19′16″N 3°02′44″W / 53.3212°N 3.0455°W / 53.3212; -3.0455
OS grid reference SJ 305 809
Location Raby Road, Thornton Hough, Wirral, Merseyside
Country England
Denomination Anglican
Website All Saints, Thornton Hough
History
Founded 1867
Founder(s) Joseph Hirst
Consecrated 5 May 1868
Architecture
Status Parish church
Functional status Active
Heritage designation Grade II
Designated 2 October 1986
Architect(s) John Kirk and Sons
Architectural type Church
Style Gothic Revival
Groundbreaking 1867
Completed 1868
Construction cost £8,500
Specifications
Spire height 120 feet (37 m)
Materials Sandstone, slate roof
Administration
Parish All Saints, Thornton Hough
Deanery Wirral, South
Archdeaconry Chester
Diocese Chester
Province York
Clergy
Vicar(s) Revd Daniel J Howard
Laity
Reader(s) John R Mayhew
Churchwarden(s) Patsy Baker, Sue Stinson

All Saints Church, Thornton Hough, is in Raby Road, Thornton Hough, Wirral, Merseyside, England. It is an active Anglican parish church in the Deanery of Wirral, South, the archdeaconry of Chester, and the diocese of Chester.[1] The church is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[2]

History[edit]

All Saints was built in 1867–68, and paid for by Joseph Hirst. It was designed by the Huddersfield architects John Kirk and Sons. Joseph Hirst was a woollen mill owner from Wilshaw near Huddersfield, whose wife came from Chester, and he had bought a house near Thornton Hough as a place to recuperate from his business stresses. He bought land in the village to build the church for £600, and laid its foundation stone in March 1867. The cost of the church, excluding the cost of the land, amounted to about £8,500 (£670,000 as of 2014).[3] It was consecrated on 5 May 1868 by the Rt Revd William Jacobson, bishop of Chester. In addition to paying for the building of the church, Hirst also paid for the vicarage, the school, and the school house. In addition he paid for a school and school house at Raby, a village nearby.[4] In the early 20th century a vestry was added by Jonathan Simpson.[5]

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The church is constructed in rock-faced red sandstone with dressings in lighter stone.[5] It is roofed in slate with a red tile ridge.[2] It architectural style is Geometrical, and it has a cruciform plan.[5] The church consists of a four-bay nave with a northwest porch, north and south transepts, a chancel with a north organ loft and a south vestry, and a southwest tower with a broach spire. The tower has angle buttresses, two-light windows and clock faces.[2] There is a total of five clock faces, with an additional higher one on the south side because Hirst could not see the lower face from his house.[4][5] At the top of the tower is a cornice with pinnacles, and two tiers of lucarnes on the spire.[2] The spire rises to a height of 120 feet (37 m)[4] Along the sides of the church is a Lombard frieze, buttresses, and two-light windows containing Geometrical tracery. The west window has five lights. In the transepts are three-light windows with a spherical triangle window above. The chancel has a three-light east window, and two-light windows along the sides. There is a lancet window in the organ loft, and a three-light window in the vestry.[2]

Interior[edit]

Inside the church the font and reredos are in Caen stone, they were both made by T. Ruddock, and they depict biblical scenes.[4] The stained glass includes the east window of 1868 by Clayton and Bell. In the south transept is a window by H. G. Hiller dated 1912, which depicts Saint Michael and angels. The west window is by an unknown artist, it is a war memorial dating from about 1920, and again it depicts Saint Michael. Elsewhere there are windows by Powell's, and by A. R. Fisher (1978), William Davies (1997), and Petri Anderson (2003).[5] In the south transept is an ornate Gothic monument to Joseph Hirst who died in 1874.[2][5] The original pipe organ was made by Gray and Davison.[4] This was replaced in 1912 by a two-manual organ by Norman and Beard. It was revoiced in 1985 by George Sixsmith.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ All Saints, Thornton Hough, Church of England, retrieved 25 November 2013 
  2. ^ a b c d e f English Heritage, "Church of All Saints, Thornton Hough (1075381)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 25 November 2013 
  3. ^ UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  4. ^ a b c d e History and Architecture, All Saints, Thornton Hough, retrieved 25 November 2013 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) [1971], Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, pp. 631–632, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6 
  6. ^ Cheshire Thornton Hough, All Saints (A00207), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 25 November 2013