Alla Dzhioyeva

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Alla Dzhioyeva
Джиоты Аллæ
Алла Джиоева
Alla Dzhioyeva.jpg
Alla Dzhioyeva during the first round of the 2011 South Ossetian presidential election.
Education Minister of South Ossetia
In office
February 2002 – 4 February 2008
Deputy Prime Minister of South Ossetia
Incumbent
Assumed office
23 May 2012
Personal details
Born (1949-08-23) 23 August 1949 (age 65)
Staliniri, South Ossetian AO, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union
(now Tskhinvali, South Ossetia)
Political party Independent
Alma mater Odessa University

Alla Aleksandrovna Dzhioyeva (Ossetian: Джиоты Алыксандыры чызг Аллæ/Džioty Alyksandyry čyzg Allæ; Russian: Алла Александровна Джиоева (born August 23, 1949) is a South Ossetian teacher turned politician, who is currently Deputy Prime Minister in the South Ossetian government. She previously served as the Education Minister in 2002–2008. She won the 2011 presidential election, but the Supreme Court annulled the results, alleging that electoral fraud had been committed.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Alla Dzhioyeva was born on August 23, 1949 in Staliniri, South Ossetian AO, Georgian SSR, Soviet Union (now Tskhinvali, South Ossetia). Having graduated from Ttskhinvali's secondary school № 5, she entered the South Ossetian Pedagogical Institute in 1967, but later transferred to Odessa University, which she finished in 1974 with a degree in philology.[3] Dzhioyeva then returned to Tskhinvali to work as a Russian language and literature teacher in school № 2. She eventually became the school's director, occupying this position until 2002.

Politician[edit]

In 2001, Dzhioyeva became a supporter of Eduard Kokoity, one of the candidates in the 2001 presidential election. Having won it, Kokoity appointed Dzhioyeva to be education minister in February 2002. Under her leadership, South Ossetia became more integrated into the Russian system of education: the South Ossetian teachers could be trained in Russia, spaces were allocated in Russian post-secondary institutions for South Ossetian students.[4][5] On the other hand, Dzhioyeva refused any form of cooperation with Georgia, including the offers of aid.[6] Nevertheless, the country's Georgian language schools continued to function.[7] Dzioyeva is also credited with launching an experimental project to introduce the Ossetic language immersion classes in some schools.[8]

Dzhioyeva has been a vocal supporter of reunification of South and North Ossetia; in 2006, she became involved in an intergovernmental group for further integration of the two republics.[9][10]

Criminal prosecution[edit]

Dzhioyeva was fired by Kokoity on February 4, 2008. The following day, she was charged with several offences and placed under house arrest on March 28. She remained detained until April 29, 2010, when a court found her guilty of fraud and official misconduct, but absolved her of two other charges. She received 24 months' probation and was fined 120,000 rubles.[11] Dzhioyeva appealed to the Supreme Court; the current status of the appeal is unknown.[3]

Dzhioyeva has continuously maintained that her arrest and prosecution were politically motivated after she became a vocal critic of Kokoity.

2011 presidential election[edit]

Dzhioyeva remained an outspoken critic of Kokoity in 2010–2011 and decided to run in the 2011 presidential election. Its first round took place on November 13 with Dzhioyeva running against 10 other candidates, including Anatoliy Bibilov, who carried the backing of both Kokoity and the Kremlin.[12] Bibilov and Dzhioyeva secured 25.44% and 25.37% of the votes respectively and advanced to the runoff.

The second round took place on November 27. According to the preliminary results, Dzhioyeva secured 56.74% of the votes, while Bibilov received 40%.[13] At that point, the South Ossetian Supreme Court ordered the Central Electoral Commission not to publish the results, acting on the Bibilov's Unity Party's complaints of electoral fraud. On November 29, the court annulled the election and barred Dzhioyeva from running in the next one.[2]

Amidst the ensued political crisis, Dzhioyeva announced that due to the fact she had received the most votes, she was president-elect. She formed a state council to serve as the new government of South Ossetia, and her supporters took to the streets in protest of the sanctions taken against her.[14] During one of the demonstrations, Dzhioyeva obtained the protocols from the Central Electoral Commission, confirming Dzhioyeva to be the winner.[15]

Dzhioyeva and her supporters demanded Kokoity's resignation and international recognition of Dzhioyeva's victory, while her supporters engaged in demonstrations on Tskhinvali's central square.[16][17] At the same time, she entered into negotiations with the president; representatives from Russia acted as mediators.

On December 9, the sides reached an agreement, which includes Kokoity's resignation, with the prime minister Vadim Brovtsev becoming the acting president until the next election is held on March 25, 2012; Dzhioyeva was allowed to contest it.[18]

Dzhioyeva announced her withdrawal from the deal in January 2012, condemning the planned runoff as "illegal" and saying she was planning to hold her inauguration as president on February 10. Acting president Vadim Brovtsev accused her of trying to plot a coup d’état. On February 9, 2012, South Ossetian police raided her office, trying to take her into custody. As a result, she was hospitalized unconscious, reportedly suffering from a stroke. Her supporters claim she was hit with a rifle-butt.[19][20] She remained in hospital for 45 days and was discharged, on March 24, 2012, under police guard.[21]

Recent career[edit]

On 23 May 2012, Dzhioyeva was appointed Deputy Prime Minister by decree of President Leonid Tibilov.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Winner of disputed South Ossetian presidential election rejects new vote". The Washington Post. December 1, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "South Ossetian election results annulled as opposition candidate claims victory". The Washington Post. November 29, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "Джиоева, Алла" (in Russian). lenta.ru. November 29, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Министр: Благодаря поддержке России у югоосетинского образования светлые перспективы" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. November 8, 2006. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Южноосетинские выпускники смогут получить высшее образование в Москве" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. June 8, 2004. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Южная Осетия отвергает грузинскую гуманитарную помощь" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. July 5, 2004. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Министр образования: Несмотря на конфликт с Грузией, в Южной Осетии продолжают функционировать грузинские школы" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. February 16, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  8. ^ "В Южной Осетии откроются экспериментальные классы с преподаванием на осетинском языке" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. July 19, 2007. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  9. ^ Bestayeva, Elina (October 29, 2005). "Съезд граждан Южной Осетии выступил за воссоздание единой Осетии" (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Северная и Южная Осетии создали совместную межправительственную рабочую группу" (in Russian). REGNUM News Agency. April 3, 2006. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Суд осудил условно экс-министра образования Южной Осетии Аллу Джиоеву" (in Russian). Caucasian Knot. April 30, 2010. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Medvedev Endorses Kremlin's Candidate In South Ossetian Presidential Run Off". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. November 23, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  13. ^ "ЦИК РЮО: За Аллу Джиоеву проголосовало 56,74%, Анатолий Бибилов собрал 40%" (in Russian). Res News Agency. November 30, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Dzhioyeva declares herself S. Ossetian president-elect". Russia Today. November 30, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  15. ^ "ЦИК РЮО признал выбор народа" (in Russian). vconcom.ru. December 2, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Джиоева потребовала немедленной отставки Кокойты" (in Russian). lenta.ru. December 3, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  17. ^ Coalson, Robert (December 3, 2011). "South Ossetia's Alla Dzhioyeva Comes Into Her Own". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved December 3, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Sides reach compromise to end S. Ossetia political crisis – source". RIA Novosti. December 10, 2011. Retrieved December 10, 2011. 
  19. ^ Police raid leaves South Ossetian opposition leader in coma. Russia Today. February 10, 2012. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  20. ^ S.Ossetian Opposition Leader Alla Dzhioyeva Hospitalized. February 9, 2012. RIA Novosti. Accessed February 10, 2012.
  21. ^ (Russian) Алла Джиоева вышла из больницы под охраной. NTV. March 24, 2012.
  22. ^ "Decree "On the Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of South Ossetia"" (in Russian). President of South Ossetia (Official web site). 23 May 2012. Retrieved 24 December 2013.