Alla Pugacheva in Berlin, 28 April 1976
|Native name||Алла Пугачёва|
|Birth name||Alla Borisovna Pugacheva|
15 April 1949 |
Moscow, Soviet Union
|Genres||Pop, Russian pop, Traditional pop, Soviet music, Progressive rock (early)[original research?]|
|Occupations||Singer, Composer, Actress|
|Years active||1965– present|
|Labels||Melodiya, World Record Music|
|Associated acts||Valery Leontiev, Philipp Kirkorov, Kristina Orbakaite, Maxim Galkin, Igor Nikolayev, Vladimir Kuzmin, Udo Lindenberg|
Alla Borisovna Pugacheva (Russian: Алла Борисовна Пугачёва, or Pugachova, Russian pronunciation: [pʊɡɐˈtɕovə]), born 15 April 1949), is а Soviet and Russian musical performer. Her career started in 1965 and continues to this day. For her "clear mezzosoprano and a full display of sincere emotions", she enjoys an iconic status across the former Soviet Union as the most successful Soviet performer in terms of record sales and popularity. She became a Meritorious Artist of the Russian SFSR in 1980, People's Artist of the Russian SFSR in 1985 and People's Artist of the USSR in 1991.
Pugacheva was born to her mother Zinaida Arkhipovna Odegova and father Boris Mikhailovich Pugachëv in Moscow, on 15 April 1949. In 1956, she enrolled in music school №31, and attended the Ippolitov-Ivanov music college. She went on to study at school №496, finishing her studies there in 1964. She then studied in the choral-conducting department of the college. Pugacheva recorded her first track "Robot" in 1965, for a state radio morning programme.
Pugacheva finished college in 1966 and subsequently toured with the group Yunost' (Youth) in Western Siberia. The following year she began working as a piano accompanist at the State Circus Musical college. She provided the leading vocals to a number of bands, including Novy Elektron (New Electron), part of the Lipetsk State Philharmonic Society, in 1966, Moskvichi (Muscovites) in 1971, Oleg Lundstrem's band in 1972–73, and Vesyolye Rebyata (Merry Folks) in 1974–75. She also recorded songs throughout that period for numerous movies. In 1974, she came in 3rd place in the All-Union competition of musicians, which was somewhat of a disappointment for her. In 1975, she received the Grand Prix of the international contest "Golden Orpheus" performing the song "Harlequin" by Emil Dimitrov. The Amiga label released her winning song as a single in East Germany. Subsequently in Bulgaria, the Balkanton label released the live recording of "Harlequin" from the festival as a single. One year later, Pugacheva returned to the "Golden Orpheus" to perform a concert outside the competition. The Balkanton released the live tracks as Pugacheva's first album Zolotoy Orfey 76. In that same year, Pugacheva recorded a number of songs for the musical drama-comedy The Irony of Fate as the singing voice of Nadja, the female protagonist.
Sample from "Zhenshchina, kotoraya poët" (The Woman Who Sings), title track of Pugacheva's most popular musical film
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The Woman Who Sings
Pugacheva went on to work on the musical film Zhenshchina, kotoraya poyot (The Woman Who Sings) in cooperation with the band Ritm (Rhythm) in 1977. She played the leading lady, a famous pop singer who sacrifices her personal life for her career. The soundtrack, which was co-written by Pugacheva and composed of pop songs, culminated with the dramatic title ballad "Zhenshchina, kotoraya poyot". The Soviet audience, regarding the film as autobiographical, brought the soundtrack to reach record audience of the year in 1979, as it was bought by 55 million people. The soundtrack was first released in 1977 as part of the double album Zerkalo dushi (Mirror of Soul), which was a collection of her songs from 1975–77. The Victor label released a collection album Alla Pugacheva in the same year in Japan. In 1978, performing the song "Vsyo mogut koroli" ("Kings Can Do Anything"), Pugacheva received the Amber Nightingale prize at the Sopot International Song Festival which at the time meant automatically winning the Grand Prix of the Intervision Song Contest. In 1980, the Kansan label of Finland released her above listed works as the compilation album Huipulla (At the Top). Tonbandausnahmenkompanie Bayer GmbH did the same in West Germany releasing Alla Pugachova.
During the 1980s, Pugacheva was a frequent visitor to Stockholm. She started out with multiple guest appearances on the popular Swedish radio show Galaxen conducted by Jacob Dahlin, and later frequently appeared on his TV-show Jacobs Stege (Jacob's Ladder). Dahlin and Pugacheva used to perform duets, such as "Superman" where Dahlin sings as the title character. In Stockholm, Pugacheva recorded an album in English, released by the World Record Music label in Sweden as Watch Out and by the Melodiya label in the Soviet Union as Alla Pugacheva in Stockholm.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Pugacheva expanded her ventures, launching a magazine, a radio station, a line of perfume all called Alla, and the Alla Pugacheva shoe line. She also received further awards from the government, which were presented by President Boris Yeltsin, including the Government Award for Achievement in Literature and Arts in 1990, and the highest civilian decoration of the Russian Federation (2nd Class Order For The Service To The Motherland) in 1999. In 1994, Pugacheva also received a plate with her name at Square of Stars in the city of Yalta in Ukraine. In 1997, she represented Russia at the Eurovision Song Contest in Dublin and finished 15th with the song "Primadonna". She dedicated her performance to the memory of Jacob Dahlin.
In recent years, Pugacheva has co-produced the popular television reality talent show Star Factory, the Russian version of the show Star Academy. On 5 March 2009, she announced her retirement from singing after her 60th birthday, citing health reasons as the primary cause stopping her from touring. Additionally, her voice worsened following a series of operations and is no longer capable of "expressing the feelings and intonations as it used to". Pugacheva has announced to her audience a massive goodbye tour across the CIS, Europe and America, entitled "Sny o Lubvi (Dreams about Love)".
Pugacheva is currently a judge on Russia's version of the British X-Factor "Factor A." She is the main judge and therefore the most important. She has the ability to give the most points.
Pugacheva's most notable title is "People's Artist of the USSR", the highest honour that could be bestowed to a musical artist in the state, awarded to her in 1991. While the lesser titles of "Accomplished Artist of the Russian SFSR", and "People's Artist of the Russian SFSR" had been already awarded to her in 1980 and 1985 respectively, the government was hesitant to award her its highest honour for a long time. This was mainly because of numerous statements and actions on her part that were inconsistent with the Party's agenda. At the same time, she grew to represent the government-endorsed pop culture that was forced upon people.
Honours and awards
- Honoured Artist of the RSFSR (1980)
- People's Artist of the RSFSR (1985)
- People's Artist of the USSR (20 December 1991)
- Order of the Eagle, 1st class (1992)
- State Prize of the Russian Federation (7 June 1995) – For outstanding contribution to the development of literature and art
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 2nd class (15 April 1999) and 3rd class (15 April 2009)
- Honorary citizen of the city of Makhachkala (2006)
- Chernobyl Star in art and literature (2008)
- Order of Friendship, (Azerbaijan, 4 September 2009)
- Order of St. Mashtots, (Armenia, 26 September 2009)
||This section of a biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2010)|
Pugacheva's personal life has been very public due to her image and popularity, and is often discussed in the tabloid press. Her weight and rumours of extramarital relationships have been particularly popular points of discussion in such publications. However, she has maintained a positive attitude, and on numerous occasions shown that she is willing to discuss personal matters openly and laugh at herself.
In 1969, she married Lithuanian circus performer Mykolas Orbakas, and in 1971 she gave birth to daughter Kristina Orbakaite, who is now also a popular singer. She divorced Mykolas after 4 years of marriage in 1973.
Pugacheva then married film director Alexander Stefanovich in 1976, and starred in a few of his movies. The union was dissolved in 1980, after drawn-out legal proceedings on the division of property, with Pugacheva's luxurious flat in Patriarshy Ponds, Moscow being the heart of the debate.
In 1985, after years of living together, Pugacheva married producer Yevgeniy Boldin, with whom she had numerous professional collaborations. She had a working and romantic relationship with a young musician and singer, Vladimir Kuzmin during this period. In 1993, she divorced Yevgeniy Boldin stating that their professional lives interfered too much with their personal life.
In the early 1990s, she had an affair with Sergej Chelobanov, with whom she recorded several duets.
In 1994, she married one of the most popular pop singers in Russia, Philipp Kirkorov, who was 18 years younger and of Bulgarian-Armenian and Russian ethnicity. His career is said to have benefited significantly from this marriage. Their divorce was announced in November 2005.
In the past 10 years, Alla Pugacheva was romantically involved with the popular Russian comedian Maksim Galkin. The two often performed together in large celebrity-studded events and even had a few musical collaborations. On 26 December 2011 Alla Pugacheva and Maxim Galkin got married despite the significant age gap.
Original solo albums
|Year (P)||Number||Original title||Title in English||Format||Label, country|
|1976||Золотой Орфей 76||Golden Orpheus 76||Live LP||Balkanton, Bulgaria|
|1977||C60 09799-2||Зеркало души||Mirror of Soul||Double LP||Melodiya, USSR|
|1979||C60 11975-6||Арлекино и другие||Harlequin and Others||LP|
|1980||C60 14429-0||Поднимись над суетой||Rise Above Vanity||LP|
|1980||C60 14935-6||То ли ещё будет||Something's Still to Come||LP|
|1982||C60 17663-6||Как тревожен этот путь||How Unrestful Is This Way||Double|
|1985||C90 21357-8||Ах, как хочется жить||Ah, How I Want to Live||LP|
|1985||WRM LP01||Watch Out||Watch Out||LP||World Record Music, Sweden|
|1986||C60 24717-8||Счастья в личной жизни||...Happiness in Private Life!||LP||Melodiya, USSR|
|1986||C60 25059-0||Пришла и говорю||I Came to Say||LP||Melodiya, USSR|
|1990||SUCD 60 00122||Алла||Alla||CD||Melodiya, USSR|
|1991||10191-40191||Рождественские встречи 1990||Christmas meetings 1990||2LP||Russian disc, USSR|
|1992||STEREO R60 00887||Рождественские встречи 1991||Christmas meetings 1991||2LP||Russian disc, Russia|
|1995||SZCD0475||Не делайте мне больно, господа!||Don't Hurt Me, Gentlemen||CD||Soyuz, Russia|
|1998||Ex 98073||Да!||Yes!||CD||Extraphone, Russia|
|2001||АБП 0037||Речной трамвайчик||River Tram||CD||Alla, Russia|
|2002||АБП 0038||А был ли мальчик||Was There a Boy?||CD||Alla, Russia|
|Живи спокойно, страна!||Live Peacefully, My Country!||CD||Alla & Monolit, Russia|
|Приглашение на закат||Invitation to a Sunset||CD||Alla|
- 1978 Alla Pugacheva (released in Japan) – compilation
- 1978 Ala Pugachova. Ogledalo na dushata (released in Bulgaria) – compilation
- 1979 Alla Pugacheva i Iosif Kobzon – split
- 1980 Diskoteka A – instrumental remixes
- 1980 Alla Pugatšova. Huipulla (Alla Pugacheva. At the Top; Kansan, Finland)
- 1980 Alla Pugačevova. Zrcadlo duše (Czech version of Zerkalo dushi)
- 1981 Alla Pugačova (Czech version of To li eshche budet...)
- 1981 Alla Pugatšova. Tähtikesä (Alla Pugacheva. Starry summer; Kansan, Finland)
- 1982 U nas v gostjakh maestro (Our Guest is the Maestro) – live / split
- 1982 Parad Planet – split
- 1983 Million Roz (released in Japan) – compilation
- 1983 Alla Pugačova. Davna pisen (a Czech compilation)
- 1984 Alla Pugacheva – Soviet Superstar. Greatest Hits 1976–84 (World Record Music, Sweden) – compilation
- 1985 Alla Pugacheva – Soviet Superstar vol.2 (released by the World Record Music in Finland) – compilation
- 1988 Pesni vmesto pisem (Songs Instead Of Letters) – split with Udo Lindenberg
- 1989 Paromshik – (Ferryman) (Finnish release of Rechnoy paromshchik)
- 1991 Alla (Ritonis, Riga)
- 1994 Veryu v tebya (I Believe In You) – compilation
- 1995 Put' zvezdy (The Path of a Star) – compilation
- 1996 A 13 CD compilation of songs previously released only on LP and MC
- 1996 Poët Alla Pugacheva (Alla Pugacheva Sings (songs by Aleksandr Zazepin) – compilation
- 1997 Dve zvezdy (Two Stars; with Vladimir Kuzmin) – compilation / split
- 1998 Syurpriz ot Ally Pugachevy (Surprise from Alla Pugacheva) – tribute
- 1997 Primadonna
- 2000 Bely sneg (White Snow)
- 2000 Madam Broshkina
- 2002 Eto Lyubov' (It's Love)
There is an unknown number of single and EP releases published all over the world.
Films and TV appearances
- 1978 Teatr Ally Pugachevoy, Estonian Television
- 1978 Zhenshchina, kotoraya poët (The Woman Who Sings), Mosfilm
- 1981 Lyubovyu za lyubov' (Love For Love) Mosfilm
- 1984 Vstrechi s Alloy Pugachevoy (Meetings with Alla Pugacheva), USSR TV
- 1985 Prishla i govoryu (I Came and I'm Speaking), Mosfilm
- 1985 Sezon chudes (Season of Miracles), Odessa Film Studio
- 1989–2002 Rozhdestvenskie vstrechi (Christmas Meetings), USSR TV, Ostankino, Public Russian Television, Russian State Television
- 1995 Zhdi i pomni menya (Wait for Me, Remember Me), Public Russian Television
- 2003 Za dvumya zaytsami (Chasing Two Rabbits)
- Best selling music artists – World's top selling music artists chart.
Notes and references
- "Алла Пугачёва / Единая информационная база / Private Archival Department / Alla Pugachova". Prima-sp.narod.ru. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Alison Smale (2000-02-28). "A Superstar Evokes a Superpower; In Diva's Voice, Adoring Fans Hear Echoes of Soviet Days – New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Jon Pareles (1988-09-25). "Review/Music; Alla Pugacheva's Moody, Ardent Soviet Pop – New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-17.
- Encyclopædia Britannica repeats a claim on its features website that Pugacheva has sold around 250 million records. Other internet sources claim figures from 75 million to 250 million records, though there is no official source for this information.
- Alla Pugacheva. IMDb.com
- «Женщина, которая поет»: кто такой Борис Горбонос? ("The Woman Who Sings": Who Is Boris Gorbonos?. In Russian). Volgograd News
- Лидеры проката (Top bills. In Russian). Kinokultura.com
- Międzynarodowy Festiwal Piosenki Polskiej- Sopot Festival (International Festival of Polish Song – Sopot Festival. In Russian and Polish). «Песня года» site
- Alla Pugacheva biography ARTISTdirect.com
- "ВРЕМЯ Z" – журнал для интеллектуальной элиты общества (Time Z – Journal for the intellectual elite of the society. In Russian) (2006-11-13)
- Alla Pugacheva biography. Marisa Brown, All Music Guide
- "Алла Пугачева и Максим Галкин поженились (ФОТО)". Mail.ru. 2011-12-26. Retrieved December 27, 2011.
- Pugacheva about Tymoshenko, UNIAN (2009-03-06)
- Yulia Tymoshenko sang a song for Alla Pugacheva, UNIAN (2009-04-24)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Alla Pugacheva|
- Alla Pugacheva fan club (in English & Russian)
- Russian Music on the net: Info on Alla Pugacheva with lyrics translated to English
- Alla Pugacheva discography at MusicBrainz
- Alla Pugacheva at the Internet Movie Database
- Videos of Alla Pugacheva's Concert in Kremlin
- Alla Pugacheva on YouTube
with "Kolibelnaya dlya vulkana"
|Russia in the Eurovision Song Contest