Allahabad district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Allahabad.
Allahabad district
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Allahabad Division
Headquarters Allahabad
Tehsils 7
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Allahabad, Phulpur
Area
 • Total 2,482 km2 (958 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,959,798
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 74.41 per cent
 • Sex ratio 901
Major highways NH 2
Website Official website

Allahabad district (Hindi: इलाहाबाद ज़िला), is one of the major & largest districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Allahabad city is the district headquarters. Allahabad district is a part of Allahabad Division. Allahabad district is divided into blocks within tehsils. As of 2011, there are 20 blocks in eight tehsils.[1][2][3] The Allahabad division includes the districts of Fatehpur, Kaushambi and Allahabad, with the western Allahabad district becoming part of the new Kaushambi district.[4] The administrative divisions are Phulpur, Koraon, Meja, Sadar, Soraon, Handia, Bara and Karchana.

The three rivers of India - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point in the Allahabad district, known as Sangam, considered holy by Hindus. Allahabad was once the capital of United Province before independence. Allahabad is one of the greatest educational hub having many major educational institutes such as the Indian Institute Of Information Technology, Moti Lal Nehru National Institute Of Technology, University Of Allahabad, Ewing Christian College and Gautam Buddh Technical University affiliated number of Engineering Colleges, MotiLal Nehru Medical College, JK Institute - these provides higher education.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Allahabad district has a population of 5,959,798,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea[6] or the US state of Missouri.[7] This gives it a ranking of 13th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71).[5] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.[5]

Allahabad has a sex ratio of 902 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 74.41% which is close to the all-India average of 74%.[5] This rate is the highest in the region.[8]

Languages[edit]

People in the district speak Awadhi, a language in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region;[9] and Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[10] (compared to 60% for German and English)[11] and is spoken by about 7 800 000 people in Bagelkhand.[10]

Religion[edit]

Religions in Allahabad District[12]
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
86.81%
Muslims
  
12.72%
Others†
  
0.47%
Distribution of religions
Includes Christians (0.18%), Sikhs (0.13%), Buddhists (0.04%),
Jains (0.04%), Not Available (0.09%).

Allahabad is a holy city of Hindu and Budhist religion, also known as Prayag. It is a place where the three rivers - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point known as Sangam. Sangam is one of the most significant points of Allahabad. According to the 2011 census, 86.81 percent of the population were Hindus, 12.72 percent were Muslims, 0.18 percent were Christians and 0.13 percent were Sikhs.[12] The remainder of the population included Buddhists and followers of other religions; 0.4 percent did not specify a religion.[13]

See also[edit]

Majhila

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Development Blocks under Tehsils". District court of Allahabad. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Hridai Ram Yadav. Village Development Planning. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 9–13. ISBN 978-81-7268-187-6. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  3. ^ Pramod Lata Jain. Co-operative Credit in Rural India: A Study of Its Utilisation. Mittal Publications. pp. 61–63. ISBN 978-81-7099-204-2. Retrieved 4 August 2012. 
  4. ^ blocks, Divisions and. "Maps, Tahsils and villages of Allahabad". Explore Allahabad Press. Retrieved 12 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Eritrea 5,939,484 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Missouri 5,988,927 
  8. ^ "Allahabad has highest literacy rate in region". The Times of India. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  9. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  10. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  12. ^ a b "Religion-wise Composition of Allahabad". http://www.airallahabad.gov.in/. All India Radio, Allahabad. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  13. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. p. 3. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°27′N 81°51′E / 25.450°N 81.850°E / 25.450; 81.850