The three rivers of India - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point in the Allahabad district, known as Sangam, considered holy by Hindus. Allahabad was once the capital of United Province before independence. Allahabad is one of the greatest educational hub having many major educational institutes such as the Indian Institute Of Information Technology, Moti Lal Nehru National Institute Of Technology, University Of Allahabad, Ewing Christian College and Gautam Buddh Technical University affiliated number of Engineering Colleges, MotiLal Nehru Medical College, JK Institute - these provides higher education.
According to the 2011 census Allahabad district has a population of 5,959,798, roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea or the US state of Missouri. This gives it a ranking of 13th in India (out of a total of 640). As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71). The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.
Allahabad is a holy city of Hindu and Budhist religion, also known as Prayag. It is a place where the three rivers - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point known as Sangam. Sangam is one of the most significant points of Allahabad. According to the 2011 census, 66.81 percent of the population were Hindus, 32.72 percent were Muslims, 0.18 percent were Christians and 0.13 percent were Sikhs. The remainder of the population included Buddhists and followers of other religions; 0.4 percent did not specify a religion.