Allahabad district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Allahabad.
Allahabad district
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Allahabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Allahabad
Headquarters Allahabad
Tehsils 7
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Allahabad, Phulpur
Area
 • Total 2,482 km2 (958 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 5,959,798
 • Density 2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 74.41 per cent
 • Sex ratio 901
Major highways NH 2
Website Official website

Allahabad district (Hindi: इलाहाबाद ज़िला, Urdu: الہ آباد ضلع‎) is one of the major & largest districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Allahabad town is the district headquarters. Allahabad district is a part of Allahabad Division.

The three rivers of India - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point in the Allahabad district, known as Sangam, making this a holy Hindu city.

Allahabad is also one of the greatest educational hub having lots of major educational institutes like Indian Institute Of Information Technology, Moti Lal Nehru National Institute Of Technology, University Of Allahabad, Ewing Christian College and Gautam Buddh Technical University affiliated number of Engineering Colleges, MotiLal Nehru Medical College, JK Institute - these provides higher education. Number of top schools for primary eductaion and education till class 12 of the three boards i.e. CBSE,UP Board(both Hindi medium and English medium schools) and ICSE like Boys High School & College, Girls High School, St. Marry's Convent, St. Joseph College, St. Anthony College, Air Force School, Army School, Kendriya Vidyalaya, Government Inter College (Both for girls and boys separately), number of other good educational institutes. Its great to be part of Allahabad.

Allahabad is also having big Army Cantonment Area with one of the major Army Selection Board center. It is tough to crack the interview as there procedures are strict. Allahabad has the headquarters of CAC i.e. Central Air Command of Air Force.

Allahabad is the home of many Prime Minister's Of India. Anand Bhavan, Swaraj Bhavan are the home India's first prime minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru and Mrs. Indira Gandhi respectively. These two buildings were not only the home of these two prime minister's of India rather these are the two main center from where the best moves were decided by the big political leader in order to the get India independent and free them from the Great Britain Empire.

Allahabad is the place of birth of the great Indian Super Star Amitabh Bachchan.

Allahabad was once the capital of United Province before independence.

Allahabad has headquarters for UPSC, UP Board, having High Court (one of the biggest in India), police headquarters. The city is well known for the revolutionary movements against the British Empire. Famous name includes Chandra Shekhar Azad who died while fighting against the Britishers at Alfred Park which is also known as Chandra Shekhar Azad Park and Company Garden.The park is having the below things: Chandra Shekhar Azad Memorial- where Azad sacrificed his life. Victoria Memorial - A large canopy made of Italian limestone is dedicated to Queen Victoria. It was opened on 24 March 1906 by Sir James Latouche. The canopy once sheltered a huge statue of Queen Victoria which was later removed. Prayag Sangeet Samiti- a music training institute. Madan Mohan Malviya Stadium Allahabad Museum Thornhill Mayne Memorial

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Allahabad district has a population of 5,959,798,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Eritrea[2] or the US state of Missouri.[3] This gives it a ranking of 13th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] As of 2011 it is the most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71).[1] The district has a population density of 1,087 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,820 /sq mi).[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.74%.[1]

Allahabad has a sex ratio of 902 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 74.41% which is close to the all-India average of 74%.[1] This rate is the highest in the region.[4]

Languages[edit]

People in the district speak Awadhi, a language in the Hindi continuum spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region;[5] and Bagheli, which has a lexical similarity of 72-91% with Hindi[6] (compared to 60% for German and English)[7] and is spoken by about 7 800 000 people in Bagelkhand.[6]

Religion[edit]

Allahabad is a holy city of Hindu and Budhist religion, also known as Prayag. It is a place where the three rivers - Ganges, Yamuna and the mythical river of Sarasvati - meet at a point known as Sangam. Sangam is one of the most significant points of Allahabad.

See also[edit]

Majhila

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  2. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Eritrea 5,939,484 July 2011 est." 
  3. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Missouri 5,988,927" 
  4. ^ "Allahabad has highest literacy rate in region". The Times of India. 15 April 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2012. 
  5. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Awadhi: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  6. ^ a b M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bagheli: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "English". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°27′N 81°51′E / 25.450°N 81.850°E / 25.450; 81.850