Arif Hussain Hussaini
|Arif Hussain al Hussaini|
|Religion||Usuli Twelver Shia Islam|
|Other names||Arabic: عارف حسين الحسيني
Urdu: علامه عارف حسين الحسينى
November 25, 1946|
|Died||5 August 1988
|Based in||Parachinar, Pakistan|
|Period in office||1984–1988|
|Predecessor||Mufti Jafar Hussain|
|Post||Leader of Tehrik-e-Jafaria,Pakistan|
Arif Hussain al-Hussaini was born on 25 November 1946 in the Village Piwaar of Kurram Agency, Parachinar into the house of Fazal Hussain Shah. His family belongs to the Husseini branch of Syeds, which trace descent to the fourth Shi'a imam, Zayn al-‘Ābidīn. The specific local branch name was Doerazai. Arif received his primary education at his home town government primary school and later on went to Parachinar to complete his matriculation. Later he got admission into the Madressa Jafria Parachinar from where he went to the Iraqi city of Najaf for further studies. In 1973 he returned home and married, and a year later went to the holy city of Qom, Iran to join the Hauza Ilmia. In 1975 and 1977 he went on Haj. Due to the his involvement[clarification needed] in Kurrum Agency and also for Madressah-e-Jaffaria in Parachinar, Abid Hussain al Hussaini[who?] called him for help.
Leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan
In a meeting of 28 persons called in Bhakkar, Punjab, Arif Hussain was given the leadership of Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan, five months after the death of Mufti Jafar Hussain on February 10, 1984 in Bhakkar. He was recommended by Grand Ayatollah Muhammad Hussain Najafi
Hussaini was killed in Peshawar on August 5, 1988. After having prayed at a local mosque, he was confronted by two gunmen and shot. The attackers escaped but were later arrested. Hussaini died of his wounds while being transported by ambulance to a local hospital.
His body was taken from Peshawar to his native village of Pehwar by helicopter. The former President General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and special representatives of the Iranian government participated in his funeral rites. The Iranian government supported the construction of a mazar over his grave in Pehwar.
Murder of Zia-ul-Haq
At 4:30 p.m. on 17 August 1988 the VVIP flight, Pakistan One, took off from Bahawalpur Airport. On board the C-130 plane were a total of 31 people, including former President General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, the US Ambassador, the chief of the US military mission in Pakistan, and a group of senior officers from Pakistan army.For 2 minutes and 30 seconds the plane rose into a clear sky. Takeoff was smooth and without problems. Suddenly the Bahawalpur control tower lost contact, and the plane plunged from the sky and hit the ground with such force that it was blown to pieces and wreckage scattered over a wide area.
It was mentioned in a piece in The Sunday Times on August 24, 2008 that the pilot of the C-130, Wing Commander Mash'hood Hassan, had previously confided to an associate of Abdul Qadeer Khan that he hated former President General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq and held him responsible for the murder of Allama Ariful Hussaini on 5th August 1988. He was the chief of the Tehrik Nifaz Fiqh-i-Jafaria, the largest Shia organization in Pakistan. According to reports, Allama Ariful Hussaini emerged as a go-between for Tehran and Pakistan, first for arms, and ultimately in the transfer of nuclear technology. Tehrik Nifaz Fiqh-i-Jafaria blamed then corps commander and governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Lieutenant-General Fazal-i-Haq, who was Zia's right-hand man. After the murder of Allama Ariful Hussaini, Wing Commander Mash'hood Hassan threatened by saying that "The day Zia flies with me, that will be his last flight".
- US draws a line on Pakistan's nuclear program
- Simon, Henderson (August 24, 2008), c location=London "Pakistan's Dr Nuke bids for the presidency", Sunday Times