Allamuchy Township, New Jersey

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Allamuchy Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Allamuchy
Map of Allamuchy Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Allamuchy Township in Warren County. Inset: Location of Warren County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Allamuchy Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Allamuchy Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°55′12″N 74°49′11″W / 40.920033°N 74.819759°W / 40.920033; -74.819759Coordinates: 40°55′12″N 74°49′11″W / 40.920033°N 74.819759°W / 40.920033; -74.819759[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Warren
Incorporated April 4, 1873
Government[5]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Small Municipality)
 • Mayor Betty Schultheis (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator / Clerk Anne Marie Tracy[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 20.763 sq mi (53.777 km2)
 • Land 20.454 sq mi (52.977 km2)
 • Water 0.309 sq mi (0.800 km2)  1.49%
Area rank 136th of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 623 ft (190 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 4,323
 • Estimate (2013[10]) 4,492
 • Rank 398th of 566 in state
11th of 22 in county[11]
 • Density 211.3/sq mi (81.6/km2)
 • Density rank 502nd of 566 in state
14th of 22 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07820[12][13]
Area code(s) 908 exchanges: 813, 852[14]
FIPS code 3404100670[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882243[17][2]
Website www.allamuchynj.org

Allamuchy Township is a township in Warren County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 4,323,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 446 (+11.5%) from the 3,877 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 393 (+11.3%) from the 3,484 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Allamuchy Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 4, 1873, from portions of Independence Township.[19]

Allamuchy CDP (with a 2010 Census population of 78[20]) and Panther Valley (2010 population of 3,327[7]) are census-designated places and unincorporated areas located within the township.[21][22][23] As of the 2000 United States Census, the two CDPs were consolidated as Allamuchy-Panther Valley,[23] which had a 2000 Census population of 3,125.[24]

Geography[edit]

Allamuchy Township is located at 40°55′12″N 74°49′11″W / 40.920033°N 74.819759°W / 40.920033; -74.819759 (40.920033,-74.819759). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 20.763 square miles (53.777 km2), of which, 20.454 square miles (52.977 km2) of it was land and 0.309 square miles (0.800 km2) of it (1.49%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 648
1890 759 17.1%
1900 588 −22.5%
1910 642 9.2%
1920 556 −13.4%
1930 684 23.0%
1940 686 0.3%
1950 736 7.3%
1960 973 32.2%
1970 1,138 17.0%
1980 2,560 125.0%
1990 3,484 36.1%
2000 3,877 11.3%
2010 4,323 11.5%
Est. 2013 4,492 [10] 3.9%
Population sources:
1880-1920[25] 1880-1890[26]
1890-1910[27] 1910-1930[28]
1930-1990[29] 2000[30][31] 2010[7][8][9]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 4,323 people, 1,953 households, and 1,213 families residing in the township. The population density was 211.3 per square mile (81.6 /km2). There were 2,096 housing units at an average density of 102.5 per square mile (39.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.45% (4,040) White, 1.78% (77) Black or African American, 0.14% (6) Native American, 2.73% (118) Asian, 0.02% (1) Pacific Islander, 0.39% (17) from other races, and 1.48% (64) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.49% (194) of the population.[7]

There were 1,953 households, of which 22.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.80.[7]

In the township, 18.5% of the population were under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 33.6% from 45 to 64, and 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45.8 years. For every 100 females there were 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $82,781 (with a margin of error of +/- $5,051) and the median family income was $104,601 (+/- $18,824). Males had a median income of $76,467 (+/- $14,328) versus $55,625 (+/- $6,142) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $49,834 (+/- $4,833). About 0.9% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 4.6% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 3,877 people, 1,692 households, and 1,133 families residing in the township. The population density was 188.8 people per square mile (72.9/km²). There were 1,774 housing units at an average density of 86.4 per square mile (33.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.49% White, 0.93% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.70% from other races, and 0.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.68% of the population.[30][31]

There were 1,692 households out of which 23.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.80.[30][31]

In the township the population was spread out with 19.0% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 31.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 86.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.[30][31]

The median income for a household in the township was $70,107, and the median income for a family was $89,653. Males had a median income of $54,743 versus $41,782 for females. The per capita income for the township was $43,552. About 0.3% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.6% of those under age 18 and 3.2% of those age 65 or over.[30][31]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Allamuchy Township is governed by the Faulkner Act (Small Municipality) form of government. The Faulkner Act allows municipalities to adopt a Small Municipality form of government only for municipalities with a population of under 12,000. The government consists of a Mayor and a four-member Township Council, with all positions elected at large in partisan elections. A Mayor is elected directly by the voters to a four-year term of office. Council members serve a term of three years, which are staggered so that one or two seats come up for election each year.[5]

As of 2013, the Allamuchy Township Committee consists of Mayor Betty Schultheis (R, term as mayor ends December 31, 2013; term on council ends December 31, 2015), Diana Cook (R, 2013), Douglas Ochwat (R, 2013), Michael Sloane (R, 2014) and John A. Young, III (R, 2014).[33][34][35][36][37]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Allamuchy Township is located in the 5th Congressional district[38] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[8][39][40] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Allamuchy Township had been in the 23rd state legislative district.[41]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[42] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[43][44] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[45][46]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Alison Littell McHose (R, Franklin) and Parker Space (R, Wantage Township).[47][48] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[49] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[50]

Warren County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose three members are elected at-large on a staggered basis with one seat coming up for election each year. At an annual organization held in the beginning of January, the board selects one of its members to serve sa Freeholder Director and other as Deputy Director. As of 2013, Warren County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Jason Sarnoski (R, Lopatcong Township, 2013) Freeholder Deputy Director Edward J. Smith (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2015) and Freeholder Richard D. Gardner (R, Asbury / Franklin Township, 2014).[51] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Patricia J. Kolb (Blairstown Township),[52] Sheriff David Gallant (Blairstown Township) and Surrogate Kevin O'Neill (Hackettstown).[53][54] The County Administrator, Steve Marvin, is responsible for overseeing the day-to-day operation of the county and its departments.[55]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,197 registered voters in Allamuchy Township, of which 529 (16.5% vs. 21.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,253 (39.2% vs. 35.3%) were registered as Republicans and 1,413 (44.2% vs. 43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were two voters registered to other parties.[56] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 74.0% (vs. 62.3% in Warren County) were registered to vote, including 90.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 81.5% countywide).[56][57]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 1,489 votes here (61.3% vs. 56.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 868 votes (35.7% vs. 40.8%) and other candidates with 35 votes (1.4% vs. 1.7%), among the 2,431 ballots cast by the township's 3,328 registered voters, for a turnout of 73.0% (vs. 66.7% in Warren County).[58][59] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 1,445 votes here (60.0% vs. 55.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 911 votes (37.8% vs. 41.4%) and other candidates with 25 votes (1.0% vs. 1.6%), among the 2,407 ballots cast by the township's 3,074 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.3% (vs. 73.4% in Warren County).[60] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 1,442 votes here (65.0% vs. 61.0% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 746 votes (33.6% vs. 37.2%) and other candidates with 22 votes (1.0% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,218 ballots cast by the township's 2,770 registered voters, for a turnout of 80.1% (vs. 76.3% in the whole county).[61]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,111 votes here (64.8% vs. 61.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 406 votes (23.7% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 138 votes (8.0% vs. 9.8%) and other candidates with 18 votes (1.0% vs. 1.5%), among the 1,715 ballots cast by the township's 3,067 registered voters, yielding a 55.9% turnout (vs. 49.6% in the county).[62]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-Kindergarten through eighth grade are served by the Allamuchy Township School District. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[63]) are Mountain Villa School[64] with 92 students in pre-Kindergarten through 1st grade and Allamuchy Township School[65] with 315 students in second through eighth grade.[66][67][68]

Students in public school for ninth through twelfth grades attend Hackettstown High School which serves students from Hackettstown, as well as students from the townships of Allamuchy, Independence and Liberty, as part of sending/receiving relationships with the Hackettstown School District.[66][69]

Students from the township and from all of Warren County are eligible to attend Ridge and Valley Charter School in Blairstown (for grades K-8)[70] or Warren County Technical School in Washington borough (for 9-12),[71] with special education services provided by local districts supplemented throughout the county by the Warren County Special Services School District in Oxford Township (for PreK-12).[66][72]

Culture and tourism[edit]

Rutherfurd Hall is a cultural center and museum that provides educational and enrichment opportunities for the residents of Allamuchy, the surrounding communities, and the greater New York – New Jersey Highlands region at large. It conducts a number of public programs including: 4th of July Fireworks, Hall of Haunts, Scouting, Teas & Talks, Etiquette courses, lectures, concerts, specialty summer camps, and weddings. A family seat for the decedents of Walter Rutherfurd[73] and Senator John Rutherfurd, Rutherfurd Hall was designed by Whitney Warren and the Olmsted Brothers and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.[74]

Transportation[edit]

Interstate 80 crosses Allamuchy Township, and is accessible at Exit 19, County Route 517. Many choose the Allamuchy area because of its proximity to New York City.

Allamuchy Township was formerly served by the Allamuchy Train Station and Allamuchy Freight House until passenger service on the Lehigh and Hudson River Railway was ended in 1933.[75] The Allamuchy Freight House is listed on the National Historic Register of Historic Places.[76]

Notable events[edit]

  • In 1865 Lewis Morris Rutherfurd took the first telescopic photographs of the moon from his home at Tranquility Farm in Allamuchy.[77]
  • In 1902, Winthrop Rutherfurd commissioned Grand Central Station architect Whitney Warren to design Rutherfurd Hall. Completed in 1906, the Hall served as a hunting lodge family residence where prominent guests could be entertained, most famously U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt who was a close friend of Winthrop's second wife Lucy.[78] The Rutherfurd family gave the Hall to the Catholic Church in 1959 after the completion of Interstate 80 brought more traffic and noise to the area. The Church changed the Hall's name to Villa Madonna and used it as a convent for an order of nuns for five decades before selling it the town to be used as a museum and community education facility. Now on the National Historic Register, Rutherfurd Hall first opened to the public in 2012.[77]
  • In the early 1920s, the schoolhouse in Quaker Grove (part of present-day Allamuchy) was the site of experimental research in rural education by Fannie W. Dunn and Maria A. Everett, both of whom were from Teachers’ College, Columbia University. The result of their fieldwork was Four Years in a County School (New York: Bureau of Publications, Teachers’ College, Columbia University, 1926) which detailed their findings with regards to the single-teacher model, curriculum, and observations about rural education in general.
  • In 1972 a left-wing group called the Allamuchy Tribe, led by activists Rennie Davis and Jerry Rubin and funded by ex-Beatle John Lennon, met at the Peter Stuyvesant Farm in Allamuchy to organize protests against the 1972 Republican National Convention.[79] FBI surveillance of the Allamuchy Tribe led to the Bureau putting pressure on Lennon to divest from political activity by threatening to deport him.[80]

References[edit]

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  75. ^ Freight House repairs are just the beginning, Allamuchy Township. Accessed August 22, 2013.
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External links[edit]