Allegan County, Michigan

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Allegan County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Allegan County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the United States highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Founded established 1831
organized 1835[1]
Seat Allegan
Largest city Holland
Area
 • Total 1,833.30 sq mi (4,748 km2)
 • Land 827.46 sq mi (2,143 km2)
 • Water 1,005.83 sq mi (2,605 km2), 54.86%
Population
 • (2010) 111,408
 • Density 127/sq mi (49/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.allegancounty.org

Allegan County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of 2010 census, the population was 111,408.[2] The county seat is Allegan.[3] The name was coined by Henry Rowe Schoolcraft to sound like a Native American word.[1]

Allegan County is included in the Holland, MI Micropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon, MI Combined Statistical Area. It is primarily an agricultural area that is rapidly becoming urbanized as the population centers of Grand Rapids on the northeast and Kalamazoo to the southeast expand into Allegan County.

The county has long been a regional tourist draw, particularly the Tulip Time Festival in Holland and the area along Lake Michigan. The Lake Michigan shoreline has long been a popular place for vacation homes, and that such development continues, especially around Saugatuck and Douglas. Another draw is Allegan State Game Area, a 45,000 acres (180 km2) forest attracting campers, snowmobilers, cross-country skiers and hunters. Allegan County also hosts Saugatuck Dunes State Park with trails through scenic dunes and a swimming beach on Lake Michigan. Lake Allegan is another popular destination.[4]

History[edit]

The boundaries of Allegan County were laid out by the legislature in 1831. At that time there were only about four families permanently settled in the area. Among the first settlers of Allegan County were Giles Scott and Turner Aldrich.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,833.30 square miles (4,748.2 km2), of which 827.46 square miles (2,143.1 km2) (or 45.14%) is land and 1,005.83 square miles (2,605.1 km2) (or 54.86%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 1,783
1850 5,125 187.4%
1860 16,087 213.9%
1870 32,105 99.6%
1880 37,815 17.8%
1890 38,961 3.0%
1900 38,812 −0.4%
1910 39,819 2.6%
1920 37,540 −5.7%
1930 38,974 3.8%
1940 41,839 7.4%
1950 47,493 13.5%
1960 57,729 21.6%
1970 66,575 15.3%
1980 81,555 22.5%
1990 90,509 11.0%
2000 105,665 16.7%
2010 111,408 5.4%
Est. 2012 112,039 0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[8]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 111,408 people residing in the county. 92.9% were White, 1.2% Black or African American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% Native American, 2.8% of some other race and 1.9% of two or more races. 6.7% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 23.0% were of Dutch, 17.5% German, 8.3% English, 7.1% Irish and 7.1% American ancestry.[9]

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 105,665 people, 38,165 households, and 28,394 families residing in the county. The population density was 128 people per square mile (49/km²). There were 43,292 housing units at an average density of 52 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.47% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.55% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.77% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 5.72% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.6% were of Dutch, 17.8% German, 9.6% American, 8.4% English and 7.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 93.6% spoke only English; 5.2% spoke Spanish at home.

There were 38,165 households out of which 37.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.40% were married couples living together, 9.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.00% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $45,813, and the median income for a family was $51,908. Males had a median income of $38,681 versus $26,887 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,918. About 5.00% of families and 7.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions—police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc.—are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

Allegan County elected officials[edit]

(Information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships[edit]

Townships

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bibliography on Allegan County". Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Exploring Lake Allegan
  5. ^ Thomas, Henry F. (Ed.) (1907). A Twentieth Century History of Allegan County, Michigan, pp. 4-6. The Lewis Publishing Company.
  6. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder"
  10. ^ Statistical profile of Allegan County, Michigan, United States Census Bureau, Census 2000

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°34′N 86°15′W / 42.56°N 86.25°W / 42.56; -86.25