|This article needs additional citations for verification. (May 2009)|
|Founded||1939 (as Allegheny Airlines)|
|Commenced operations||August 1957|
|Ceased operations||1979 (Name change to USAir, now US Airways)|
|Frequent-flyer program||US Airways Dividend Miles|
|Parent company||US Airways|
|Headquarters||Washington, D.C., U.S.
Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
|Key people||Keith Houk (President)|
Allegheny Airlines (IATA: AL, ICAO: ALO, Call sign: ALLEGHENY) operated out of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, from 1952 to 1979. It was a forerunner of today’s US Airways with headquarters at Washington National Airport in Arlington County, Virginia.
Allegheny Airlines began as All American Aviation Company providing mail delivery and passenger operations starting on 7 March 1939. It was founded by du Pont family brothers Richard C. du Pont and Alexis Felix du Pont, Jr..
Allegheny before 1979
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In 1949 the company was renamed All American Airways as it switched from airmail to passenger service. On 1 January 1953 it was again renamed, to Allegheny Airlines. In August 1953 it scheduled flights to 32 airports and in May 1968 to 46; the June 1978 timetable shows 53 airports plus 30 more that just had Allegheny Commuter.
In the early 1960s Allegheny added the Convair 540 turboprop. The aircraft proved unreliable, with many problems with its British-made Napier Eland turbines that had replaced the Convair's piston engines. The airline bought new Fairchild F-27Js that the company named "Vistaliner". The F-27J was a U.S.-built version of the Fokker F27. The company was jokingly referred to as "Agony Air". The airline switched to General Motors/Allison turboprops in the Convair 580 which the carrier named the "Vistacruiser".
Allegheny Airlines was perhaps the first airline to create an network of affiliated regional airlines, the Allegheny Commuter System.
Contributing to Allegheny’s growth were the acquisitions of regional carriers Lake Central Airlines in 1968 and Mohawk Airlines in 1972. Mohawk added British Aircraft Corp. BAC One-Eleven twinjets to the fleet; Allegheny then bought more used One-Elevens.
Allegheny added other jets, notably the Douglas DC-9-30 which the company named the "Vistajet". Other jets included Boeing 727-100s and 727-200s and the Douglas DC-9-50, a stretched DC-9-30.
As deregulation dawned, Allegheny—looking to shed its regional image—changed its name to USAir on October 28, 1979.
(Mohawk was struck on 12 November 1970; the strike continued into 1971.)
“Allegheny” under USAir and US Airways
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Under USAir, which eventually renamed itself US Airways, the Allegheny name continued to be used by the parent company, keeping the trademark under US Airways' control. The Allegheny commuter division was originally headquartered at the Reading Airport KRDG in Reading Pennsylvania, and flew a large fleet of Shorts 330s and 360s, being the launch customer for the Shorts 360. It had three Fokker F27 "Friendship" turboprops, and was the last US operator of passenger F27s. After replacing much of its Shorts fleet, and retiring the F27s, it merged with another fully owned USAir subsidiary, Pennsylvania Airlines, headquartered at Harrisburg International Airport near Harrisburg, and the combined airline retained the historic name until its own merger with another wholly owned subsidiary, Piedmont Airlines. After retiring earlier aircraft, Allegheny before and after its mergers mainly flew De Havilland Canada Dash 8 turboprop aircraft to 35 airports in the northeastern United States, and eventually Canada, from hubs at Boston and Philadelphia. Its activities and Dash 8 fleet were incorporated into Piedmont Airlines in 2004. Today an Airbus A319 aircraft (N745VJ) of US Airways is painted in Allegheny colors.
|Fairchild F-27J / Fokker F27||1965||1974||27|
|British Aircraft Corp. BAC One-Eleven||1972||1979||31|
|Mohawk 298 (Nord 262 version)||1975||1979||9|
Accidents and incidents
- On December 1, 1959, Allegheny Airlines Flight 371, a Martin 2-0-2, crashed into a mountain on approach Williamsport, Pennsylvania, United States, 25 fatalities.
- On October 19, 1962, an Allegheny Airlines flight attendant, Françoise de Moriere, fell to her death after being blown out a Convair 440 emergency exit door on a flight from Washington, D.C. to Providence, Rhode Island during a scheduled descent into Hartford, Connecticut.
- On December 24, 1968, Allegheny Airlines Flight 736, a Convair 580, crashed on approach to Bradford, PA, killing 20 of the 47 people on board.
- On January 6, 1969, Allegheny Airlines Flight 737, a Convair 580, crashed on approach to Bradford, PA, killing 11 of the 28 people on board.
- On September 9, 1969, Allegheny Airlines Flight 853, a DC-9 en route from Cincinnati to Indianapolis, collided with a small private plane and crashed into a soybean field southeast of Indianapolis, near Shelbyville, killing all 83 people aboard both aircraft.
- On June 7, 1971, Allegheny Airlines Flight 485, a Convair 580, en route from Washington DC to New Haven CT (via New London, CT) crashed short of the runway at New Haven. 26 passengers and 2 crew members were killed; Two passengers and one crew member survived. Pilot Error was the cause of the crash.
- On June 23, 1976, Allegheny Airlines Flight 121, a DC-9, crashed on the runway in windshear at Philadelphia International Airport. There were 86 injuries and 0 fatalities.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. April 22, 1978. 1134.
- Nick Komons (August 1989). Air Progress: 62.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. 8 April 1960. 492.
- "Allegheny Asks New Name".
- "Lower Swatara township, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on March 2, 2010.
- "World Airline Directory." Flight International. March 16–22, 2004. 83.
-  US Airways A319 in Allegheny livery-Airliners.net
- Eastwood/Roach 1991, pages 267-269
- Allegheny Airlines Flight 371
- "Stewardess is Swept Through Plane Door". The New York Times. October 20, 1962. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
- Allegheny Airlines Flight 736
- Allegheny Airlines Flight 737
- NTSB Report Allegheny Airlines, Inc., Allison Prop Jet Convair 340/440, N5832, New Haven, Connecticut, June 7, 1971
- NTSB Report AAR-78-2 Allegheny Airlines, Inc., Douglas DC-9, N994VJ, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 23, 1976
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Allegheny Airlines.|
- Timetableimages.com has timetables from the 1950s and 1960s showing where Allegheny flew and what it cost
- Allegheny Airlines Flight 853 Memorial website by Dan McGlaun on the September 9, 1969 crash near Indianapolis