Alleins

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Alleins
The Chapel of Saint John
The Chapel of Saint JohnLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg
Coat of arms of Alleins
Coat of arms
Alleins is located in France
Alleins
Alleins
Coordinates: 43°42′16″N 5°09′45″E / 43.7044°N 5.1625°E / 43.7044; 5.1625Coordinates: 43°42′16″N 5°09′45″E / 43.7044°N 5.1625°E / 43.7044; 5.1625
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Bouches-du-Rhône
Arrondissement Arles
Canton Eyguières
Intercommunality Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Philippe Grange
Area
 • Land1 16.78 km2 (6.48 sq mi)
Population (2010)
 • Population2 2,414
 • Population2 density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 13003 / 13980
Elevation 104–345 m (341–1,132 ft)
(avg. 168 m or 551 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Alleins is a French commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of southern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alleinois or Alleinoises[1]

Geography[edit]

Alleins is located some 45 km south-east of Avignon and 10 km north-east of Salon-de-Provence. It can be accessed by the D16 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the village and continues north-east to Mallemort. The D23 road from Lamanon to Mallemort also passes through the north of the commune. The Électricité de France Canal passes through the north of the commune from west to east. Most of the commune is farmland but the whole area south of the village is heavily forested. The TGV Railway line from Avignon to Marseilles passes through the commune but there is no station.[2]

There are numerous streams and canals in the commune in all areas.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

History[edit]

In April 1545, during the wars of religion, Alleins was pillaged by troops of Paulin de la Garde under the direction of Jean Maynier, the lord of Oppede and first president of the Parliament of Aix. The land was confiscated and the people massacred.[3]

French Revolution[edit]

A Committee of Revolutionary Surveillance was established in Alleins in 1793. It was made up partly of simple peasants who were sometimes illiterate and this institution somehow marked the democratic heyday of the Revolution. Illiterate members took their place in the debates and in turn occupied the place of president. The committee in charge of monitoring the implementation of laws devoted much of their time to reading, copying, and discussing their scope thus contributing to the political and democratic education of citizens. In their primary mission, to arrest suspects, they were very cautious and legalistic unlike the tyrannical reputation of these committees. They also defended the village community, for example in the case of the statue of Equality which was overturned in June 1794. After investigation, a committee member after meeting the Représentant en mission Maignet spared any untoward consequence for the commune.[4]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Alleins
Blazon:

Gules, ten lozenges of Or posed 4, 4, 2.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[5]

From To Name Party Position
2001 2014 Yves Fabre DVG
2014 2020 Philippe Grange DVG

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 2,414 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,054 1,014 1,152 1,268 1,358 1,329 1,261 1,288 1,355
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,267 1,327 1,175 1,144 1,086 1,075 1,034 991 983
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
855 814 847 728 734 721 718 768 821
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
969 975 1,041 1,224 1,759 2,070 2,368 2,414 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Alleins

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has two sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Bullring (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]
  • Ancient fragments of the City gate and the Cemetery Chapel (1st century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]

Religious heritage[edit]

The commune has two religious sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Chapel of the White Penitents (1608).Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8] The chapel contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • The Wall Panelling with Cathèdres (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • 2 Processional Staves of penitence (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
    • 2 Processional Banners: the Immaculate Conception (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[11]
    • A Processional Banner: 2 Penitents kneeling (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[12]
    • A Processional Cross (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[13]
    • A Statue: Saint Joseph (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[14]
    • A Statue, processional dais: Our Lady of Seven Sorrows (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[15]
    • An Altar (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[16]
  • The Romanesque Cemetery Chapel of Saint JohnLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
Other religious sites
  • The Parish Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Painting: The Institution of the Rosary (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • 2 Chasses-Reliquaries (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • 4 Reliquaries (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • A set of 12 Candelabra, 6 large Candelabra, 4 smaller Candelabra with angels, 2 large door Candelabra (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • The main Altar (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Baptismal font (16th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
  • The Cemetery contains a Bas-relief (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[24]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Pierre Miquel, The Wars of Religion, Paris, Club France Loisirs, 1980 (ISBN 2-7242-0785-8), p 131-133 (French)
  4. ^ Jacques Guilhaumou and Martine Lapied, Peasants and politics under the French Revolution from the files of the Surveillance Committees of Bouches-du-Rhône, Rives nord-méditerranéennes, May 2000, online 25 March 2004
  5. ^ List of Mayors of France
  6. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA13001206 Bullring (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00081116 City gate and Cemetery Chapel (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00081115 Chapel of the White Penitents (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13002678 Wall Panelling with Cathèdres (French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13002677 2 Processional Staves of penitence (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13002676 2 Processional Banners: the Immaculate Conception (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13002675 Processional Banner: 2 Penitents kneeling (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000283 Processional Cross (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000282 Statue: Saint Joseph (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000281 Statue, processional dais: Our Lady of Seven Sorrows (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000280 Altar (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00081114 Cemetery Chapel (French)Camera aabb.svg
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13002674 Painting: The Institution of the Rosary (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001891 Chasses-Reliquaries (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001890 4 Reliquaries (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001889 Candelabra (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13001888 Main Altar (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000278 Baptismal font (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM13000279 Bas-relief (French)