|Intercommunality||Salon-Étang de Berre-Durance|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Yves Fabre|
|• Land1||16.78 km2 (6.48 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||140/km2 (370/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||13003 / 13980|
|Elevation||104–345 m (341–1,132 ft)
(avg. 168 m or 551 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alleinois or Alleinoises
Alleins is located some 45 km south-east of Avignon and 10 km north-east of Salon-de-Provence. It can be accessed by the D16 road from Salon-de-Provence which passes through the village and continues north-east to Mallemort. The D23 road from Lamanon to Mallemort also passes through the north of the commune. The Électricité de France Canal passes through the north of the commune from west to east. Most of the commune is farmland but the whole area south of the village is heavily forested. The TGV Railway line from Avignon to Marseilles passes through the commune but there is no station.
There are numerous streams and canals in the commune in all areas.
In April 1545, during the wars of religion, Alleins was pillaged by troops of Paulin de la Garde under the direction of Jean Maynier, the lord of Oppede and first president of the Parliament of Aix. The land was confiscated and the people massacred.
At Alleins a Committee of Revolutionary Surveillance was established in 1793. It was made up partly of simple peasants who were sometimes illiterate and this institution somehow marked the democratic heyday of the Revolution. Illiterate members took their place in the debates and in turn occupied the place of president. The committee in charge of monitoring the implementation of laws devoted much of their time to reading, copying, and discussing their scope thus contributing to the political and democratic education of citizens. In their primary mission, to arrest suspects, they were very cautious and legalistic unlike the tyrannical reputation of these committees. They also defended the village community, for example in the case of the statue of Equality which was overturned in June 1794. After investigation, a committee member after meeting the Représentant en mission Maignet spared any untoward consequence for the commune.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
In 2010, the commune had 2,414 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Culture and Heritage
- Chapel of Saint-Jean of Alleins: from the 12th century, it was classified as a historical monument on 2 May 1921
- Cantons of the Bouches-du-Rhône department
- Communes of the Bouches-du-Rhône department
- Arrondissements of the Bouches-du-Rhône department
- (French) Prefecture website
- (French) General Council website
- (French) Website from the Camargue
- Alleins on the National Geographic Institute website (French)
- Alleins on the INSEE website (French)
- INSEE (French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Inhabitants of Bouches-du-Rhône (French)
- Google Maps
- Pierre Miquel, The Wars of Religion, Paris, Club France Loisirs, 1980 (ISBN 2-7242-0785-8), p 131-133 (French)
- Jacques Guilhaumou and Martine Lapied, Peasants and politics under the French Revolution from the files of the Surveillance Committees of Bouches-du-Rhône, Rives nord-méditerranéennes, May 2000, read online 25 March 2004
- List of Mayors of France
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00081114 Chapel of Saint-Jean (French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Alleins.|