Allen Boyd

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Allen Boyd, Jr.
Allen Boyd, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 2nd district
In office
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by Pete Peterson
Succeeded by Steve Southerland
Personal details
Born (1945-06-06) June 6, 1945 (age 69)
Valdosta, Georgia
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Stephanie "Cissy" Roush (separated)
Children David Boyd, John, Suzanne,
Residence Monticello, Florida
Alma mater Florida State University
Occupation farmer
Religion Methodist
Military service
Service/branch United States Army
Unit Infantry
Battles/wars Vietnam War

Fred Allen Boyd Jr. (born June 6, 1945) was the United States Representative for Florida's 2nd congressional district from 1997 to 2011. He is a member of the Democratic Party. He currently works for a lobbying firm, the Twenty-First Century Group.[1][2]

Early life, education and career[edit]

Boyd was born in Valdosta, Georgia to Margaret Elizabeth Finlayson and Fred Allen Boyd.[3] He was educated at Florida State University, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity. After graduating in 1969, Boyd served as an infantry officer in Vietnam with the United States Army.[4]

Florida House of Representatives[edit]

Boyd served as a member of the Florida House of Representatives from 1989 to 1997.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Committee assignments[edit]

Boyd is a member of the Blue Dog Coalition.

Political positions[edit]

Drug War[edit]

  • On Sep 25, 2001, Boyd voted for HR 2586, an amendment to set up a task force on counter-terrorism and drug interdiction and allow military personnel to help patrol U.S. borders.[5]
  • Voted on Jun 10, 2008 for the Mérida Initiative to Combat Illicit Narcotics and Reduce Organized Crime Authorization Act, providing funding for Mexico to spend on drug prohibition related contracts. Opponents at the time complained this would increase the availability of military trained hit men to the drug cartels.[6]

Iraq War[edit]

  • On October 10, 2002, Allen Boyd was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.

2008 financial crisis[edit]

Health care[edit]

  • In November 2009, Boyd voted along with 39 other Democrats against the Affordable Health Care for America Act.[10]
  • On March 19, 2010, Boyd announced his support for the Health Care Reform Bill under consideration in the House and Senate.[11]

Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill[edit]

  • In April 2010, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill resulted from an explosion on a drilling platform, killing 11 workers and leaking thousands of barrels of oil into the Gulf of Mexico. On May 5, 2010, Boyd introduced legislation in the U.S. House of Representatives that would raise the liability cap on economic damages in oil spills from $75 million to $10 billion. The legislation would alter the Oil Pollution Act of 1990, which was passed after the 1989 Exxon Valdez spill and requires companies to pay for all cleanup costs of spills but only up to $75 million in economic damages.[12]
  • On June 14, Boyd held the Joint Oil Spill-Hurricane Planning conference at Florida State University's, Panama City campus to examine the potential threat of a Gulf of Mexico hurricane colliding with the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. Federal and state emergency response agenices, representatives from the Coast Guard, Air Force and Navy, and members of the local tourism industry all participated in the day-long event.[13]
  • On June 11, Boyd sent a letter to the President of the United States, asking him to create a Gulf seafood safety task force to counter growing public perception that all seafood harvested in the Gulf of Mexico is contaminated by oil.[14]

Political campaigns[edit]

1996-2008[edit]

Boyd entered the 1996 Democratic primary for the 2nd in 1996, after three-term Democratic incumbent Pete Peterson announced his retirement. He led a three-way Democratic primary with 48 percent of the vote, a few thousand votes short of outright victory. He then won the runoff with 64 percent of the vote and easily won the election in November. He was reelected with no major-party opposition in 1998 and defeated an underfunded Republican in 2000.

In 2002, however, the Republican-controlled state legislature significantly altered Boyd's district. Part of Tallahassee, which has anchored the district since its formation in 1963 (as the 9th District; it was renumbered the 2nd in 1967) was shifted to the Jacksonville-based 3rd District. In its place, heavily Republican Panama City was shifted from the Pensacola-based 1st District to the 2nd. On paper, this made the district considerably friendlier to Republicans; Al Gore narrowly won the old 2nd in 2000, but George W. Bush would have narrowly won the district under its current boundaries. However, Boyd was handily reelected with 66 percent of the vote in 2002 against another underfunded Republican. In 2004, Boyd faced his first serious test in the form of state representative Bev Kilmer, but Boyd turned back this challenge fairly easily, taking 62 percent of the vote even as George W. Bush carried the district with 54 percent of the vote. Boyd was unopposed for reelection in 2006 and defeated a nominal Republican challenger in 2008.

2010[edit]

Boyd was defeated by Republican nominee Steve Southerland in the 2010 election, taking only 41 percent of the vote. Independent candidates Paul C. McKain and Dianne Berryhill were also on the ballot; Ray Netherwood qualified as a write-in candidate.[15]

In the Democratic primary, Boyd won against State Senator Alfred Lawson, Jr.

Personal life[edit]

Boyd is married and has 3 grown children (2 sons and 1 daughter). His son John was imprisoned in 2008 for transporting illegal narcotics and illegal aliens into the United States from Mexico.[16] On September 30, 2009, it was announced that Boyd and his wife of 40 years, Cissy, had filed for divorce once before in 1997, but the couple reconciled. However, in 2002, a joint dismissal of the divorce filing was submitted. There is no additional information on their recent separation other than they stated it is not connected to their previous separation.[17][18]

Boyd is a fifth-generation farmer from Monticello, Florida and is the majority owner of Boyd Family Farms Inc.[19] It is currently receiving farm subsidies[20] appropriated by the same Appropriations Subcommittee of which Boyd was a member. Boyd has received almost $1.3 million in federal farm subsidies since 1996, placing him in the top 3 percent of farmers receiving subsidies nationally, and 12th among more than 5,300 farms in his district that received subsidy money over this period.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Twenty-First Century Group (2011). Former Congressman Allen Boyd Joins Twenty-First Century Group. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  2. ^ Politico.com (2011). Former Blue Dogs find lobby deals. Retrieved May 16, 2011.
  3. ^ boyd
  4. ^ Project Vote Smart - Representative Allen Boyd Jr. - Biography
  5. ^ "Bill Text - 107th Congress (2001-2002) - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". Thomas.loc.gov. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  6. ^ "Allen Boyd on Drugs". Archive.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  7. ^ "Bailout Roll Call". 2008-10-03. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Stimulus Roll Call". 2009-01-28. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  9. ^ "House Roll Call #968 Details". OpenCongress. 2009-12-11. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  10. ^ http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2009/roll887.xml
  11. ^ Herszenhorn, David M. (2010-03-19). "Boyd and Bishop to Support House Bill - Prescriptions Blog - NYTimes.com". Prescriptions.blogs.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  12. ^ "Boyd pushes to raise BP's reimbursement | boyd, pushes, raise - News". The News Herald. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  13. ^ "Boyd, officials huddle to plan for oil/storm scenario | panama, boyd, plan - News". The News Herald. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  14. ^ June 11, 2010 (2010-06-11). "Blog Archive » Allen Boyd For U.S. Congress: Gulf seafood safety task force". Capital Soup. Archived from the original on 15 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  15. ^ Primary Results, The Washington Post, August 25, 2010
  16. ^ "Florida Congressman's Son Arrested For Smuggling Aliens | AHN". Allheadlinenews.com. 2008-09-18. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  17. ^ "US Rep. Allen Boyd, wife separate - NBC-2.com WBBH News for Fort Myers, Cape Coral & Naples, Florida". Nbc-2.com. 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  18. ^ "Boyd, wife separate after four-decade marriage - Northwest Florida Daily News". Nwfdailynews.com. 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2010-07-11. 
  19. ^ EWG Farm Subsidy Database - Ownership Information
  20. ^ EWG Farm Subsidy Database - Boyd Family Farm Subsidies
  21. ^ Boyd's farms received nearly $1.3 million in federal subsidies since 1996 NewsHerald.com May 31, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2009.

External links[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Pete Peterson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Florida's 2nd congressional district

1997–2011
Succeeded by
Steve Southerland