|Allen P. Wikgren|
|Born||3 December 1906
Chicago, Illinois, United States
|Died||7 May 1998
Woodruff, Wisconsin, United States
|Institutions||University of Chicago|
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
|Doctoral students||Gerald F. Hawthorne|
Allen Paul Wikgren (3 December 1906 – 7 May 1998) was an American New Testament scholar at the University of Chicago. His work centred on the text of the New Testament and New Testament manuscripts, but also included Hellenistic and biblical Greek and early Jewish literature (particularly Josephus), as well as the English Bible.
Wikgren earned his Bachelor of Arts degree (in Greek) in 1928, his Master of Arts degree in 1929 and his Ph.D. in 1932, all from the University of Chicago. His doctoral dissertation was entitled "A Comparative Study of the Theodotionic and Septuagint Versions of Daniel". An ordained minister in the mainline Northern Baptist Convention, Wikgren then served as a minister at First Baptist Church in Belleville, Kansas and as a professor of New Testament literature at Kansas City Baptist Theological Seminary (now Central Baptist Theological Seminary in Shawnee, Kansas) (1935-1937) and of biblical literature and classics at Ottawa University in Ottawa, Kansas (1937-1940) before returning to Chicago to join the University of Chicago Divinity School as the J. M. Powis Smith Instructor in 1940. At Chicago, Wikgren was a member of the Department of New Testament and Early Christian Literature in the university's Division of the Humanities, a department which he would later serve as chair. His colleagues in New Testament studies during his long tenure administering the department (1953-1972) included figures such as Norman Perrin, Robert M. Grant and Markus Barth.
Perhaps Wikgren's most widely known contribution to the study of the New Testament was his role, together with Kurt Aland, Matthew Black, Carlo Maria Martini and Bruce M. Metzger, on the editorial committee that established the Greek text and critical apparatuses in the standard hand editions of the Greek New Testament: the Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece (26th edition, published by the Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft first in 1979 and revised in 1983) and the United Bible Societies' The Greek New Testament (3rd edition, published by the United Bible Societies in 1983).
Wikgren served as president of the Chicago Society of Biblical Research in 1951-1952. He was a member of the Revised Standard Version committee from 1952, participating in the translation of the deuterocanonical books and the revision of the New Testament. And he was director of the Chicago Lectionary Project from 1958-1972. He also held visiting professorships at a number of universities: Indiana University–Gary, Pacific School of Religion (Berkeley, California), University of Ghana, Århus University, Concordia Theological Seminary (Springfield, Illinois [now back in Fort Wayne, Indiana]) and Uppsala University.
- with Ralph Marcus, Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Volume VI: Books 14-15 (Loeb Classical Library 489; Cambridge, Mass., 1943, 1963)
- Hellenistic Greek Texts, with the collaboration of Ernest Cadman Colwell and Ralph Marcus (Chicago 1947)
- edited with Merrill M. Parvis, New Testament Manuscript Studies: The Materials and the Making of a Critical Apparatus (Chicago 1950)
- with William A. Irwin, The Ancestry of our English Bible: An Account of Manuscripts, Texts, and Versions of the Bible, 3rd revised edition (New York 1956)
- editor, Early Christian Origins: Studies in Honor of Harold R. Willoughby (Chicago 1961)
- with Ralph Marcus, Josephus, Jewish Antiquities, Volume VII: Books 16-17 (Loeb Classical Library 410; Cambridge, Mass., 1963)
- A Leaf from the First Edition of the First Complete Bible in English, the Coverdale Bible, 1535: With an Historical Introduction (Book Club of California, Publication 145; San Francisco 1974)
- with Ira Jay Martin, A Catalogue of English Bibles in the University of Chicago Library, 2 vols. (Chicago 1989)
- David E. Aune (ed.), Studies in New Testament and Early Christian Literature: Essays in Honor of Allen P. Wikgren (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 33; Leiden 1972)
- See the article on New Testament lectionaries