Allensworth, California

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Allensworth, California
census-designated place
Allensworth's restored buildings now occupy Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park.
Allensworth's restored buildings now occupy Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park.
Allensworth, California is located in California
Allensworth, California
Allensworth, California
Position in California.
Coordinates: 35°51′00″N 119°23′21″W / 35.85000°N 119.38917°W / 35.85000; -119.38917Coordinates: 35°51′00″N 119°23′21″W / 35.85000°N 119.38917°W / 35.85000; -119.38917
Country  United States
State  California
County Tulare
Founded 1908
Area[1]
 • Total 3.102 sq mi (8.035 km2)
 • Land 3.102 sq mi (8.035 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[2] 213 ft (65 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 471
 • Density 150/sq mi (59/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 93219
Area code(s) 661
GNIS feature ID 2585402

Allensworth is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tulare County, California.[2] Allensworth sits at an elevation of 213 feet (65 m),[2] the same elevation as the huge and historically important Tulare Lake shore when it was full.[3] The 2010 United States census reported Allensworth's population was 471.

It was a town founded in 1908, with the idea that African Americans could own property, learn, thrive, and live the American Dream. It was named by Lt. Colonel Allen Allensworth.[4]

Now designated Colonel Allensworth State Historic Park, the community is located in the ZIP Code 93219 and in the area code 661.

Terrain and environment[edit]

The terrain is typical of the southern San Joaquin Valley. Excepting the railroad roadbed, there is less than five feet elevation difference across town. Like most of the valley, there has been some subsidence probably related to historic overpumping of ground water for irrigation. While temperatures usually stay above freezing, there can be periods of heavy rain in winter and it is often in the 90-100 °F range during summer.

Allensworth marks the eastern high-water shoreline of Tulare Lake, (once the largest U.S. lake outside the Great Lakes,) which supported one of the largest Indian populations on the continent, herds of elk, millions of water fowl, as well as a commecial fishery and ferry service.[5] Other townsites located on this historic shoreline include Lemoore on its northern tip, and Kettleman City on the western shore, while nearby Alpaugh is on the eastern end of a long, sandy ridge at elevation 210 ft. that was once called Hog Island. Due to diversions of the natural waterways since the mid to late 19th century, only a tiny remnant of Tulare Lake now remains. The rest of the valley was also home to many vernal pools and habitata once important to wildlife and various economies before 19th and 20th century water diversions and land scrapers. The last time Tulare Lake was full and overflowed its spillway (near Lemoore) was 1878.

A natural gas well field exists west of Allensworth. Burrowing owls, a species active in daylight hours, are sometimes present in the park.[6]

Just north of Allensworth is the Pixley National Wildlife Refuge, 6,833-acre (27.65 km2) grassland and wetland habitats operated by the Department of the Interior, US Fish and Wildlife Service. Of great interest, thousands of Sandhill Cranes (Grus canadensis), use this refuge each winter from November through March. Red-tailed Hawks (Buteo jamaicensis), are among the 141 type of birds that can be seen here.[7] Also present are Pacific Pond turtles, once an important part of Tulare Lake's fishery trade with San Francisco.

Adjacent to the town is Allensworth Ecological Reserve. The endangered San Joaquin Kit Fox (Vulpes macrotis mutica) can be found in this area.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 3.1 square miles (8.0 km²), all of it land.

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[8] reported that Allensworth had a population of 471. The population density was 151.8 people per square mile (58.6/km²). The racial makeup of Allensworth was 158 (33.5%) White, 22 (4.7%) African American, 0 (0.0%) Native American, 8 (1.7%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 279 (59.2%) from other races, and 4 (0.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 436 persons (92.6%).

The Census reported that 471 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 115 households, out of which 69 (60.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 67 (58.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 20 (17.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 11 (9.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 10 (8.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 1 (0.9%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 13 households (11.3%) were made up of individuals and 7 (6.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.10. There were 98 families (85.2% of all households); the average family size was 4.37.

The population was spread out with 187 people (39.7%) under the age of 18, 66 people (14.0%) aged 18 to 24, 100 people (21.2%) aged 25 to 44, 93 people (19.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 25 people (5.3%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.4 years. For every 100 females there were 97.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

There were 142 housing units at an average density of 45.8 per square mile (17.7/km²), of which 56 (48.7%) were owner-occupied, and 59 (51.3%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 11.8%. 220 people (46.7% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 251 people (53.3%) lived in rental housing units.

Education[edit]

The Allensworth School District hosts a single school serving grades K through 8.[9]

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature Allensworth is located in the 16th Senate District, represented by Democrat Dean Florez, and in the 30th Assembly District, represented by Republican Danny Gilmore.

In the United States House of Representatives, Allensworth is in California's 21st congressional district, represented by Republican David Valadao[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 19, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Allensworth Census Designated Place". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. 
  3. ^ U.S. Geologic Survey: STRUCTURAL CONTROL OF INTERIOR DRAINAGE, SOUTHERN SAN JOAQUIN VALLEY, CALIFORNIA By George H. Davis and J. H. Green, Washington, D.C., and Sacramento, Calif. "The low point of Tulare Lake Bed is 178 feet above sea level; the divide to the north is 210 feet above sea level" ... "During periods of high runoff, Tulare Lake would fill to an elevation of 210 feet and would discharge north to the San Joaquin River and thence to the Pacific Ocean. Playas or salt flats did not form because through-flowing water periodically flushed out accumulated salt."
  4. ^ Gudde, Erwin; William Bright (2004). California Place Names (Fourth ed. ed.). University of California Press. p. 9. ISBN 0-520-24217-3. 
  5. ^ Historic Tulare County: A Sesquicentennial History, 1852-2002, By Chris Brewer, page 28, and nearby.
  6. ^ Checklist of Birds of Pixley National Wildlife Refuge
  7. ^ a b Natural Resource Projects Inventory (NRPI) Catalog - Allensworth Ecological Reserve Restoration Project
  8. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Allensworth CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Allensworth School District". Tulare County Office of Education. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  10. ^ "California's 21st Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]